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Date:   Wed, 30 Jun 2021 17:03:32 +0300
From:   Amir Goldstein <amir73il@...il.com>
To:     Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.com>
Cc:     "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@...nel.org>,
        Theodore Tso <tytso@....edu>,
        Dave Chinner <david@...morbit.com>, Jan Kara <jack@...e.com>,
        David Howells <dhowells@...hat.com>,
        Khazhismel Kumykov <khazhy@...gle.com>,
        linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Ext4 <linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org>, kernel@...labora.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 12/15] fanotify: Introduce FAN_FS_ERROR event

On Tue, Jun 29, 2021 at 10:13 PM Gabriel Krisman Bertazi
<krisman@...labora.com> wrote:
>
> The FAN_FS_ERROR event is a new inode event used by filesystem wide
> monitoring tools to receive notifications of type FS_ERROR_EVENT,
> emitted directly by filesystems when a problem is detected.  The error
> notification includes a generic error descriptor and a FID identifying
> the file affected.
>
> FID is sent for every FAN_FS_ERROR. Errors not linked to a regular inode
> are reported against the root inode.
>
> An error reporting structure is attached per-mark, and only a single
> error can be stored at a time.  This is ok, since once an error occurs,
> it is common for a stream of related errors to be reported.  We only log
> accumulate the total of errors occurred since the last notification.
>
> Signed-off-by: Gabriel Krisman Bertazi <krisman@...labora.com>
>
> ---
> Changes since v2:
>   - Support and equire FID mode (amir)
>   - Goto error path instead of early return (amir)
>   - Simplify get_one_event (me)

About that...

>   - Base merging on error_count
>   - drop fanotify_queue_error_event

[...]

> +static int fanotify_merge_error_event(struct fsnotify_group *group,
> +                                     struct fsnotify_event *event)
> +{
> +       struct fanotify_event *fae = FANOTIFY_E(event);
> +
> +       /*
> +        * When err_count > 0, the reporting slot is full.  Just account
> +        * the additional error and abort the insertion.
> +        */
> +       if (atomic_fetch_inc(&FANOTIFY_EE(fae)->err_count) != 0)
> +               return 1;

It feels a bit unsafe to bump err_count to 1 in merge() and set the error
info in insert(). feels like looking for trouble.
Maybe atomic_inc_not_zero() would have been better,
but since I am going to argue against modifying err_count outside
the notification_lock, it does not need to be atomic at all.

> +
> +       return 0;
> +}
> +
> +static void fanotify_insert_error_event(struct fsnotify_group *group,
> +                                       struct fsnotify_event *event,
> +                                       const void *data)
> +{
> +       const struct fsnotify_event_info *ei =
> +               (struct fsnotify_event_info *) data;
> +       struct fanotify_event *fae = FANOTIFY_E(event);
> +       const struct fs_error_report *report;
> +       struct fanotify_error_event *fee;
> +       struct inode *inode;
> +       int fh_len;
> +
> +       /* This might be an unexpected type of event (i.e. overflow). */
> +       if (!fanotify_is_error_event(fae->mask))
> +               return;
> +
> +       report = (struct fs_error_report *) ei->data;
> +       inode = report->inode ?: ei->sb->s_root->d_inode;

As I commented on the cover letter, I think it would be better to
encode a NULL-FID in case of NULL inode, e.g.:

static int fanotify_encode_null_fh(struct fanotify_fh *fh)
{
        fh->type = FILEID_ROOT;
        fh->len = 8;
        fh->flags = 0;
        memset(fh->buf, 0, 8);
}

But that API may be controversial, so wait for other voices
before changing that.

> +
> +       fee = FANOTIFY_EE(fae);
> +       fee->fae.type = FANOTIFY_EVENT_TYPE_FS_ERROR;
> +       fee->error = report->error;
> +       fee->fsid = fee->mark->connector->fsid;
> +
> +       fsnotify_get_mark(fee->mark);
> +
> +       /*
> +        * Error reporting needs to happen in atomic context.  If this
> +        * inode's file handler is more than we initially predicted,
> +        * there is nothing better we can do than report the error with
> +        * a bad FH.
> +        */
> +       fh_len = fanotify_encode_fh_len(inode);
> +       if (WARN_ON(fh_len > fee->max_fh_len))
> +               return;
> +
> +       fanotify_encode_fh(&fee->object_fh, inode, fh_len, NULL, 0);
> +}
> +

[...]

> +static size_t copy_error_info_to_user(struct fanotify_event *event,
> +                                     char __user *buf, int count)
> +{
> +       struct fanotify_event_info_error info;
> +       struct fanotify_error_event *fee = FANOTIFY_EE(event);
> +
> +       info.hdr.info_type = FAN_EVENT_INFO_TYPE_ERROR;
> +       info.hdr.pad = 0;
> +       info.hdr.len = sizeof(struct fanotify_event_info_error);
> +
> +       if (WARN_ON(count < info.hdr.len))
> +               return -EFAULT;
> +
> +       info.error = fee->error;
> +
> +       /* This effectively releases the event for logging another error */
> +       info.error_count = atomic_xchg(&fee->err_count, 0);
> +

it's  a shame because the code is really simpler, but
I am afraid it may not be correct, even without mentioning breaking
the queue abstraction.

While the read/insert of err_count is "atomic", read of FID is done
after this point, not to mention that read of fee->error could be reordered
without barriers. FID and error could be set by insert event after reading
fee->err_count.

You can either go back to copying the error report to stack on dequeue
(though it was a bit ugly) under the group notification_lock
or you can allocate a new initialized error event on dequeue and
exchange it with the mark's event, without having to change the
calling semantics of get_one_event(), e.g.:

        fsnotify_remove_first_event(group);
        if (fanotify_is_perm_event(event->mask))
                FANOTIFY_PERM(event)->state = FAN_EVENT_REPORTED;
        if (fanotify_is_hashed_event(event->mask))
                fanotify_unhash_event(group, event);
+        if (fanotify_is_error_event(event->mask))
+                event = fanotify_recreate_fs_error_event(event);

If allocation fails, this helper returns ERR_PTR(-EINVAL)
and resets the info and err_count of the event in the mark.

Thanks,
Amir.

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