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Date:   Thu, 11 Aug 2022 18:24:27 +0100
From:   Luís Henriques <lhenriques@...e.de>
To:     Theodore Ts'o <tytso@....edu>,
        Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@...ger.ca>
Cc:     wenqingliu0120@...il.com, linux-ext4@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] ext4: fix bug in extents parsing when number of entries
 in header is zero

On Fri, Aug 05, 2022 at 03:00:25PM +0100, Luís Henriques wrote:
> When walking through an inode extents, the ext4_ext_binsearch_idx() function
> assumes that the extent header has been previously validated.  However,
> there are no checks that verify that the number of entries (eh->eh_entries)
> is non-zero.  And this will lead to problems because the EXT_FIRST_INDEX()
> and EXT_LAST_INDEX() will return garbage and result in this:
> 
> [  135.245946] ------------[ cut here ]------------
> [  135.247579] kernel BUG at fs/ext4/extents.c:2258!
> [  135.249045] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP
> [  135.250320] CPU: 2 PID: 238 Comm: tmp118 Not tainted 5.19.0-rc8+ #4
> [  135.252067] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996), BIOS rel-1.15.0-0-g2dd4b9b-rebuilt.opensuse.org 04/01/2014
> [  135.255065] RIP: 0010:ext4_ext_map_blocks+0xc20/0xcb0
> [  135.256475] Code:
> [  135.261433] RSP: 0018:ffffc900005939f8 EFLAGS: 00010246
> [  135.262847] RAX: 0000000000000024 RBX: ffffc90000593b70 RCX: 0000000000000023
> [  135.264765] RDX: ffff8880038e5f10 RSI: 0000000000000003 RDI: ffff8880046e922c
> [  135.266670] RBP: ffff8880046e9348 R08: 0000000000000001 R09: ffff888002ca580c
> [  135.268576] R10: 0000000000002602 R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000024
> [  135.270477] R13: 0000000000000000 R14: 0000000000000024 R15: 0000000000000000
> [  135.272394] FS:  00007fdabdc56740(0000) GS:ffff88807dd00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> [  135.274510] CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> [  135.276075] CR2: 00007ffc26bd4f00 CR3: 0000000006261004 CR4: 0000000000170ea0
> [  135.277952] Call Trace:
> [  135.278635]  <TASK>
> [  135.279247]  ? preempt_count_add+0x6d/0xa0
> [  135.280358]  ? percpu_counter_add_batch+0x55/0xb0
> [  135.281612]  ? _raw_read_unlock+0x18/0x30
> [  135.282704]  ext4_map_blocks+0x294/0x5a0
> [  135.283745]  ? xa_load+0x6f/0xa0
> [  135.284562]  ext4_mpage_readpages+0x3d6/0x770
> [  135.285646]  read_pages+0x67/0x1d0
> [  135.286492]  ? folio_add_lru+0x51/0x80
> [  135.287441]  page_cache_ra_unbounded+0x124/0x170
> [  135.288510]  filemap_get_pages+0x23d/0x5a0
> [  135.289457]  ? path_openat+0xa72/0xdd0
> [  135.290332]  filemap_read+0xbf/0x300
> [  135.291158]  ? _raw_spin_lock_irqsave+0x17/0x40
> [  135.292192]  new_sync_read+0x103/0x170
> [  135.293014]  vfs_read+0x15d/0x180
> [  135.293745]  ksys_read+0xa1/0xe0
> [  135.294461]  do_syscall_64+0x3c/0x80
> [  135.295284]  entry_SYSCALL_64_after_hwframe+0x46/0xb0
> 
> Unfortunately, __ext4_ext_check() only verifies that eh->eh_entries doesn't
> exceed eh->eh_max.  And since an empty leaf seems to be a valid value in
> same cases, adding this extra check there isn't an option.
> 
> This patch simply adds the check directly in ext4_ext_binsearch_idx() and
> propagates this error so that the kernel doesn't hit this BUG_ON() in
> ext4_ext_determine_hole().
> 
> Link: https://bugzilla.kernel.org/show_bug.cgi?id=215941
> Signed-off-by: Luís Henriques <lhenriques@...e.de>
> ---
>  fs/ext4/extents.c | 13 ++++++++++---
>  1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
> 
> Hi!
> 
> This bug is easily reproducible using the filesystem image provided --
> it's just a matter of mounting it and run:
> 
>     $ cat /mnt/foo/bar/xattr
> 
> Anyway, I hope my analysis of the bug is correct -- the root cause seems
> to be an extent header with an invalid value for in eh_entries, which will
> later cause the BUG_ON().

Although I did got any feedback yet, it looks like this patch also fixes
bugzilla #216283.  This issue is quite similar, but the BUG_ON() (a
different one) is hit on the write path.  Doing something like:

  $ echo 123 > /mnt/foo/bar/acl ; sync

is enough to crash the kernel with that image.  Also, in the bug my patch
initially refers to, the eh_entries field is '0' right on the root inode
(i.e., in the extent header in the inode.i_block).  For this other bug,
this happens in a non-root node.

Cheers,
--
Luís

> 
> Cheers,
> --
> Luís
> 
> diff --git a/fs/ext4/extents.c b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> index c148bb97b527..53cfe2c681c4 100644
> --- a/fs/ext4/extents.c
> +++ b/fs/ext4/extents.c
> @@ -738,7 +738,7 @@ void ext4_ext_drop_refs(struct ext4_ext_path *path)
>   * binary search for the closest index of the given block
>   * the header must be checked before calling this
>   */
> -static void
> +static int
>  ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(struct inode *inode,
>  			struct ext4_ext_path *path, ext4_lblk_t block)
>  {
> @@ -748,6 +748,11 @@ ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(struct inode *inode,
>  
>  	ext_debug(inode, "binsearch for %u(idx):  ", block);
>  
> +	if (eh->eh_entries == 0) {
> +		EXT4_ERROR_INODE(inode, "No entries in extent header!");
> +		return -EFSCORRUPTED;
> +	}
> +
>  	l = EXT_FIRST_INDEX(eh) + 1;
>  	r = EXT_LAST_INDEX(eh);
>  	while (l <= r) {
> @@ -791,7 +796,7 @@ ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(struct inode *inode,
>  		BUG_ON(chix != path->p_idx);
>  	}
>  #endif
> -
> +	return 0;
>  }
>  
>  /*
> @@ -919,7 +924,9 @@ ext4_find_extent(struct inode *inode, ext4_lblk_t block,
>  		ext_debug(inode, "depth %d: num %d, max %d\n",
>  			  ppos, le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_entries), le16_to_cpu(eh->eh_max));
>  
> -		ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(inode, path + ppos, block);
> +		ret = ext4_ext_binsearch_idx(inode, path + ppos, block);
> +		if (ret < 0)
> +			goto err;
>  		path[ppos].p_block = ext4_idx_pblock(path[ppos].p_idx);
>  		path[ppos].p_depth = i;
>  		path[ppos].p_ext = NULL;

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