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Date: Thu, 7 Dec 2023 11:29:22 +0900
From: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
To: David Gow <davidgow@...gle.com>
Cc: Rae Moar <rmoar@...gle.com>,
	Brendan Higgins <brendan.higgins@...ux.dev>,
	Matti Vaittinen <mazziesaccount@...il.com>,
	Stephen Boyd <sboyd@...nel.org>,
	Shuah Khan <skhan@...uxfoundation.org>,
	Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Liam Girdwood <lgirdwood@...il.com>,
	Mark Brown <broonie@...nel.org>, Jaroslav Kysela <perex@...ex.cz>,
	Takashi Iwai <tiwai@...e.com>, Maxime Ripard <mripard@...nel.org>,
	linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org, kunit-dev@...glegroups.com,
	linux-doc@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-hardening@...r.kernel.org, linux-sound@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/4] kunit: Add APIs for managing devices

On Wed, Dec 06, 2023 at 03:44:08PM +0800, David Gow wrote:
> > But really, why is this a "raw" device_driver pointer and not a pointer
> > to the driver type for your bus?
> 
> So, this is where the more difficult questions start (and where my
> knowledge of the driver model gets a bit shakier).
> 
> At the moment, there's no struct kunit_driver; the goal was to have
> whatever the minimal amount of infrastructure needed to get a 'struct
> device *' that could be plumbed through existing code which accepts
> it. (Read: mostly devres resource management stuff, get_device(),
> etc.)
> 
> So, in this version, there's no:
> - struct kunit_driver: we've no extra data to store / function
> pointers other than what's in struct device_driver.
> - The kunit_bus is as minimal as I could get it: each device matches
> exactly one driver pointer (which is passed as struct
> kunit_device->driver).
> - The 'struct kunit_device' type is kept private, and 'struct device'
> is used instead, as this is supposed to only be passed to generic
> device functions (KUnit is just managing its lifecycle).
> 
> I've no problem adding these extra types to flesh this out into a more
> 'normal' setup, though I'd rather keep the boilerplate on the user
> side minimal if possible. I suspect if we were to return a struct
> kunit_device, everyone would be quickly grabbing and passing around a
> raw 'struct device *' anyway, which is what the existing tests with
> fake devices do (via root_device_register, which returns struct
> device, or by returning &platform_device->dev from a helper).
> 
> Similarly, the kunit_bus is not ever exposed to test code, nor really
> is the driver (except via kunit_device_register_with_driver(), which
> isn't actually being used anywhere yet, so it may make sense to cut it
> out from the next version). So, ideally tests won't even be aware that
> their devices are attached to the kunit_bus, nor that they have
> drivers attached: it's mostly just to make these normal enough that
> they show up nicely in sysfs and play well with the devm_ resource
> management functions.

Ok, this makes more sense, thank you for the detailed explaination.
Making this "generic" like you have done here seems reasonable for now.

> > > -                                     attributes.o
> > > +                                     attributes.o \
> > > +                                     device.o
> >
> > Shouldn't this file be "bus.c" as you are creating a kunit bus?
> >
> 
> I've sort-of grouped this as "device helpers", as it handles KUnit
> devices, drivers, and the kunit_bus, but devices are the most
> user-facing part. Indeed, the bus feels like an 'implementation
> detail'. Happy to rename it if that makes things more consistent,
> though.

Nah, device.o makes sense for now, thanks.

> > >  ifeq ($(CONFIG_KUNIT_DEBUGFS),y)
> > >  kunit-objs +=                                debugfs.o
> > > diff --git a/lib/kunit/device.c b/lib/kunit/device.c
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..93ace1a2297d
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/lib/kunit/device.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,176 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +/*
> > > + * KUnit basic device implementation
> >
> > "basic bus/driver implementation", not device, right?
> >
> 
> Given that the users of this really only care about getting their
> "device", and the bus/driver are more implementation details, I'd
> rather go with something like "KUnit-managed device implementation" or
> "KUnit device-model helpers". How do those sound?

Either would be good, thanks.

> > > + *
> > > + * Implementation of struct kunit_device helpers.
> > > + *
> > > + * Copyright (C) 2023, Google LLC.
> > > + * Author: David Gow <davidgow@...gle.com>
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/device.h>
> > > +
> > > +#include <kunit/test.h>
> > > +#include <kunit/device.h>
> > > +#include <kunit/resource.h>
> > > +
> > > +
> > > +/* Wrappers for use with kunit_add_action() */
> > > +KUNIT_DEFINE_ACTION_WRAPPER(device_unregister_wrapper, device_unregister, struct device *);
> > > +KUNIT_DEFINE_ACTION_WRAPPER(driver_unregister_wrapper, driver_unregister, struct device_driver *);
> > > +
> > > +static struct device kunit_bus = {
> > > +     .init_name = "kunit"
> > > +};
> >
> > A static device as a bus?  This feels wrong, what is it for?  And where
> > does this live?  If you _REALLY_ want a single device for the root of
> > your bus (which is a good idea), then make it a dynamic variable (as it
> > is reference counted), NOT a static struct device which should not be
> > done if at all possible.
> 
> Will do. Would root_device_register() make more sense here?

Yes.

> > > +
> > > +/* A device owned by a KUnit test. */
> > > +struct kunit_device {
> > > +     struct device dev;
> > > +     struct kunit *owner;
> > > +     /* Force binding to a specific driver. */
> > > +     struct device_driver *driver;
> > > +     /* The driver is managed by KUnit and unique to this device. */
> > > +     bool cleanup_driver;
> > > +};
> >
> > Wait, why isn't your "kunit" device above a struct kunit_device
> > structure?  Why is it ok to be a "raw" struct device (hint, that's
> > almost never a good idea.)
> >
> > > +static inline struct kunit_device *to_kunit_device(struct device *d)
> > > +{
> > > +     return container_of(d, struct kunit_device, dev);
> >
> > container_of_const()?  And to use that properly, why not make this a #define?
> >
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int kunit_bus_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *driver)
> > > +{
> > > +     struct kunit_device *kunit_dev = to_kunit_device(dev);
> > > +
> > > +     if (kunit_dev->driver == driver)
> > > +             return 1;
> > > +
> > > +     return 0;
> >
> > I don't understand, what are you trying to match here?
> >
> 
> This is just to make sure that the match function will use whatever
> driver is passed through. When I originally started writing this,
> there were some resource cleanup problems if there was no driver
> associated with a device, though that's fixed now.

As it's fixed, no need for this, so let's not be confused going forward :)

thanks,

greg k-h

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