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Date:	Fri, 30 Nov 2007 12:32:09 +0800
From:	"Zhang, Yanmin" <>
To:	Nick Piggin <>
Cc:	Arjan van de Ven <>,
	Andrew Morton <>,,
	LKML <>
Subject: Re: sched_yield: delete sysctl_sched_compat_yield

On Fri, 2007-11-30 at 14:29 +1100, Nick Piggin wrote:
> On Friday 30 November 2007 14:15, Zhang, Yanmin wrote:
> > On Fri, 2007-11-30 at 13:46 +1100, Nick Piggin wrote:
> > > On Wednesday 28 November 2007 09:57, Arjan van de Ven wrote:
> > > > sounds like a bad idea; volanomark (well, technically the jvm behind
> > > > it) is abusing sched_yield() by assuming it does something it really
> > > > doesn't do, and as it happens some of the earlier 2.6 schedulers
> > > > accidentally happened to behave in a way that was nice for this
> > > > benchmark.
> > >
> > > OK, why is this still happening? Haven't we been asking JVMs to use
> > > futexes or posix locking for years and years now? Are there any sane
> > > jvms that _don't_ use yield?
> >
> > I think it's an issue of volanomark (a kind of java application) instead of
> > JVM.
> volanomark itself and not the jvm is calling sched_yield()? Do we have
> any non-toy threaded java apps? (what's JAVA in the kernel-perf tests?)
I run lots of well-known benchmarks and volanoMark is the one who gets the largest
impact from sched_yield.

As for real-applications which use sched_yield, mostly, they are not open sources.
Yesterday, I got to know someone was using sched_yield in his network C programs,
but he didn't want to share the sources with me.

> > > > Todays kernel has a different behavior somewhat (and before people
> > > > scream "regression"; sched_yield() behavior isn't really specified and
> > > > doesn't make any sense at all, whatever you get is what you get....
> > > > it's pretty much an insane defacto behavior that is incredibly tied to
> > > > which decisions the scheduler makes how, and no app can depend on that
> > >
> > > It is a performance regression. Is there any reason *not* to use the
> > > "compat" yield by default?
> >
> > There is no, so I suggest to set sched_compat_yield=1 by default.
> > If sched_compat_yield=0, kernel almost does nothing but returns. When
> > sched_compat_yield=1, it is closer to the meaning of sched_yield man page.
> sched_yield() is really only defined for posix realtime scheduling
> AFAIK, which talks about priority lists. 
> SCHED_OTHER is defined to be a single priority, below the rest of the
> realtime priorities. So at first you *might* say that the process
> should then be made to run only after all other SCHED_OTHER processes,
> however there is no such ordering requirement for SCHED_OTHER
> scheduling. The SCHED_OTHER scheduler can run any task at any time.
> That said, I think people would *expect* that call be much closer to
> the compat behaviour than the current default. And that's definitely
> what Linux has done in the past. So there really does need to be a
> good reason to change it like this IMO.
That's indeed what I am thinking.

I am running many testing(SPECjbb/SPECjbb2005/cpu2000/iozone/dbench/tbench...) to 
see if there is any regression if sched_compat_yield=1. I think there is no
regression and the testing is just to double-check.

> > > As you say, for SCHED_OTHER tasks, yield
> > > can do almost anything. We may as well do something that isn't a
> > > regression...
> >
> > I just found SCHED_OTHER in man sched_setscheduler. Is it SCHED_NORMAL in
> > the latest kernel?
> Yes, SCHED_NORMAL is SCHED_OTHER. Don't know why it got renamed...
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