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Date:	Fri, 7 Dec 2007 20:03:33 +0300
From:	Oleg Nesterov <>
To:	Andrew Morton <>
Cc:	"Eric W. Biederman" <>,
	Davide Libenzi <>,
	Pavel Emelyanov <>,
	Roland McGrath <>,
Subject: [PATCH 1/2] uglify kill_pid_info() to fix kill() vs exec() race

kill_pid_info()->pid_task() could be the old leader of the execing process.
In that case it is possible that the leader will be released before we take
siglock. This means that kill_pid_info() (and thus sys_kill()) can return a
false -ESRCH.

Change the code to retry when lock_task_sighand() fails. The endless loop is
not possible, __exit_signal() both clears ->sighand and does detach_pid().

Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <>

--- PT/kernel/signal.c~1_kill_exec_race	2007-12-06 18:13:31.000000000 +0300
+++ PT/kernel/signal.c	2007-12-07 17:20:27.000000000 +0300
@@ -1049,17 +1049,26 @@ int kill_pgrp_info(int sig, struct sigin
 int kill_pid_info(int sig, struct siginfo *info, struct pid *pid)
-	int error;
+	int error = -ESRCH;
 	struct task_struct *p;
 	if (unlikely(sig_needs_tasklist(sig)))
 	p = pid_task(pid, PIDTYPE_PID);
-	error = -ESRCH;
-	if (p)
+	if (p) {
 		error = group_send_sig_info(sig, info, p);
+		if (unlikely(error == -ESRCH))
+			/*
+			 * The task was unhashed in between, try again.
+			 * If it is dead, pid_task() will return NULL,
+			 * if we race with de_thread() it will find the
+			 * new leader.
+			 */
+			goto retry;
+	}
 	if (unlikely(sig_needs_tasklist(sig)))

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