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Date:	Tue, 27 Oct 2009 10:01:21 -0700
From:	"Paul E. McKenney" <paulmck@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:	Gregory Haskins <gregory.haskins@...il.com>
Cc:	Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@...ell.com>, kvm@...r.kernel.org,
	alacrityvm-devel@...ts.sourceforge.net,
	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [KVM PATCH v3 1/3] KVM: fix race in irq_routing logic

On Tue, Oct 27, 2009 at 09:34:41AM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> Hi Paul,
> 
> Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > On Mon, Oct 26, 2009 at 12:21:57PM -0400, Gregory Haskins wrote:
> >> The current code suffers from the following race condition:
> >>
> >> thread-1                                    thread-2
> >> -----------------------------------------------------------
> >>
> >> kvm_set_irq() {
> >>    rcu_read_lock()
> >>    irq_rt = rcu_dereference(table);
> >>    rcu_read_unlock();
> >>
> >>                                        kvm_set_irq_routing() {
> >>                                           mutex_lock();
> >>                                           irq_rt = table;
> >>                                           rcu_assign_pointer();
> >>                                           mutex_unlock();
> >>                                           synchronize_rcu();
> >>
> >>                                           kfree(irq_rt);
> >>
> >>    irq_rt->entry->set(); /* bad */
> >>
> >> -------------------------------------------------------------
> >>
> >> Because the pointer is accessed outside of the read-side critical
> >> section.  There are two basic patterns we can use to fix this bug:
> >>
> >> 1) Switch to sleeping-rcu and encompass the ->set() access within the
> >>    read-side critical section,
> >>
> >>    OR
> >>
> >> 2) Add reference counting to the irq_rt structure, and simply acquire
> >>    the reference from within the RSCS.
> >>
> >> This patch implements solution (1).
> > 
> > Looks like a good transformation!  A few questions interspersed below.
> 
> Thanks for the review.  I would have CC'd you but I figured I pestered
> you enough with my RCU reviews in the past, and didn't want to annoy you ;)
> 
> I will be sure to CC you in the future, unless you ask otherwise.

No problem either way.  ;-)

							Thanx, Paul

> >> Signed-off-by: Gregory Haskins <ghaskins@...ell.com>
> >> ---
> >>
> >>  include/linux/kvm_host.h |    6 +++++-
> >>  virt/kvm/irq_comm.c      |   50 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------------
> >>  virt/kvm/kvm_main.c      |    1 +
> >>  3 files changed, 35 insertions(+), 22 deletions(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/include/linux/kvm_host.h b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> >> index bd5a616..1fe135d 100644
> >> --- a/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> >> +++ b/include/linux/kvm_host.h
> >> @@ -185,7 +185,10 @@ struct kvm {
> >>
> >>  	struct mutex irq_lock;
> >>  #ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_KVM_IRQCHIP
> >> -	struct kvm_irq_routing_table *irq_routing;
> >> +	struct {
> >> +		struct srcu_struct            srcu;
> > 
> > Each structure has its own SRCU domain.  This is OK, but just asking
> > if that is the intent.  It does look like the SRCU primitives are
> > passed a pointer to the correct structure, and that the return value
> > from srcu_read_lock() gets passed into the matching srcu_read_unlock()
> > like it needs to be, so that is good.
> 
> Yeah, it was intentional.  Technically the table is per-guest, and thus
> the locking is too, which is the desired/intentional granularity.
> 
> On that note, I tried to denote that kvm->irq_routing.srcu and
> kvm->irq_routing.table were related to one another, but then went ahead
> and modified the hunks that touched kvm->irq_ack_notifier_list, too.  In
> retrospect, this was probably a mistake.  I should leave the rcu usage
> outside of ->irq_routing.table alone.
> 
> > 
> >> +		struct kvm_irq_routing_table *table;
> >> +	} irq_routing;
> >>  	struct hlist_head mask_notifier_list;
> >>  	struct hlist_head irq_ack_notifier_list;
> >>  #endif
> > 
> > [ . . . ]
> > 
> >> @@ -155,21 +156,19 @@ int kvm_set_irq(struct kvm *kvm, int irq_source_id, u32 irq, int level)
> >>  	 * IOAPIC.  So set the bit in both. The guest will ignore
> >>  	 * writes to the unused one.
> >>  	 */
> >> -	rcu_read_lock();
> >> -	irq_rt = rcu_dereference(kvm->irq_routing);
> >> +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&kvm->irq_routing.srcu);
> >> +	irq_rt = rcu_dereference(kvm->irq_routing.table);
> >>  	if (irq < irq_rt->nr_rt_entries)
> >> -		hlist_for_each_entry(e, n, &irq_rt->map[irq], link)
> >> -			irq_set[i++] = *e;
> >> -	rcu_read_unlock();
> >> +		hlist_for_each_entry(e, n, &irq_rt->map[irq], link) {
> > 
> > What prevents the above list from changing while we are traversing it?
> > (Yes, presumably whatever was preventing it from changing before this
> > patch, but what?)
> > 
> > Mostly kvm->lock is held, but not always.  And if kvm->lock were held
> > all the time, there would be no point in using SRCU.  ;-)
> 
> This is protected by kvm->irq_lock within kvm_set_irq_routing().
> Entries are added to a copy of the list, and the top-level table pointer
> is swapped (via rcu_assign_pointer(), as it should be) while holding the
> lock.  Finally, we synchronize with the RSCS before deleting the old
> copy.  It looks to me like the original author got this part right, so I
> didn't modify it outside of converting to SRCU.
> 
> > 
> >> +			int r;
> >>
> >> -	while(i--) {
> >> -		int r;
> >> -		r = irq_set[i].set(&irq_set[i], kvm, irq_source_id, level);
> >> -		if (r < 0)
> >> -			continue;
> >> +			r = e->set(e, kvm, irq_source_id, level);
> >> +			if (r < 0)
> >> +				continue;
> >>
> >> -		ret = r + ((ret < 0) ? 0 : ret);
> >> -	}
> >> +			ret = r + ((ret < 0) ? 0 : ret);
> >> +		}
> >> +	srcu_read_unlock(&kvm->irq_routing.srcu, idx);
> >>
> >>  	return ret;
> >>  }
> >> @@ -179,17 +178,18 @@ void kvm_notify_acked_irq(struct kvm *kvm, unsigned irqchip, unsigned pin)
> >>  	struct kvm_irq_ack_notifier *kian;
> >>  	struct hlist_node *n;
> >>  	int gsi;
> >> +	int idx;
> >>
> >>  	trace_kvm_ack_irq(irqchip, pin);
> >>
> >> -	rcu_read_lock();
> >> -	gsi = rcu_dereference(kvm->irq_routing)->chip[irqchip][pin];
> >> +	idx = srcu_read_lock(&kvm->irq_routing.srcu);
> >> +	gsi = rcu_dereference(kvm->irq_routing.table)->chip[irqchip][pin];
> >>  	if (gsi != -1)
> >>  		hlist_for_each_entry_rcu(kian, n, &kvm->irq_ack_notifier_list,
> >>  					 link)
> > 
> > And same question here -- what keeps the above list from changing while
> > we are traversing it?
> 
> This is also protected via the kvm->irq_lock in
> kvm_register_irq_ack_notifier().  Though as mentioned above, I should
> probably drop the non irq_routing.table hunks, so this will go away.
> But I think its correct either way.
> 
> Thanks Paul,
> -Greg
> 


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