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Date:	Wed, 8 Aug 2012 05:36:05 +0200
From:	Arun MURTHY <arun.murthy@...ricsson.com>
To:	Greg KH <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>
Cc:	"linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	"netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
	"linux-doc@...r.kernel.org" <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
	Sjur BRENDELAND <sjur.brandeland@...ricsson.com>
Subject: RE: [PATCHv2 1/4] modem_shm: Add Modem Access Framework

> On Tue, Aug 07, 2012 at 12:24:28PM +0530, Arun Murthy wrote:
> > Adds Modem Access Framework, which allows for registering platform
> specific
> > modem access mechanisms. The framework also exposes APIs for client
> drivers
> > for getting and releasing access to modem, regardless of the
> underlying
> > platform specific access mechanism.
> 
> The term "modems" here has a lot of legacy connotations.  First of
> which
> is, userspace handles this today as tty devices, why aren't you doing
> the same here?  Why does this have to be something "special"?
> 

The main focus over there the modem IPC. In doing so, there are some
functionality like waking the modem, or releasing the modem etc. These
will be used by the modem IPC drivers and also few others like sim driver
and security drivers.
Since this is a shared call and hence has to be synchronized. Hence so a
small framework like is being done to monitor the modem access related only
operations.

> >
> > Signed-off-by: Arun Murthy <arun.murthy@...ricsson.com>
> > Acked-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...ricsson.com>
> > ---
> >  drivers/Kconfig                        |    2 +
> >  drivers/Makefile                       |    1 +
> >  drivers/modem_shm/Kconfig              |    9 +
> >  drivers/modem_shm/Makefile             |    1 +
> >  drivers/modem_shm/modem_access.c       |  419
> ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 
> Any reason why this can't be under drivers/tty/ ?

No specific reason, other than to have a separate place for the modem
access related drivers. Many of the platforms have these functionality
and hence all of them can reside over here using a common framework(MAF)

> 
> >  include/linux/modem_shm/modem.h        |   64 +++++
> >  include/linux/modem_shm/modem_client.h |   55 +++++
> 
> Why are both of these "public" like this?  Why not just make one file?
> Would someone ever only need to include one of these?

modem.h is a header file used by the MAF, but modem_client.h includes
a structure that will be used by all clients registering to this MAF.
Hence the clients can only include only this header.

> 
> > +config MODEM_SHM
> > +        bool "Modem Access Framework"
> > +        default y
> 
> Unless it is needed to boot your machine, NEVER make the default y.

Oops,.. will change this.

> 
> > +struct modem {
> > +	struct device *dev;
> > +	struct list_head list;
> > +	char *modem_name;
> 
> You already have a name in the struct device, why do you need another
> one?
> 
> > +	struct device_attribute dev_attr;
> 
> Why is this in the structure?
> 
> > +	struct modem_dev *mdev;
> > +	atomic_t use;
> 
> What is this variable for?

This is used to monitor the number of requests received. Just to
balance the enable/disable process. Something like the regulator
framework.

> 
> Why isn't this a 'struct device' itself?
> 
> > +/**
> > + * modem_is_requested - check if modem access is requested
> > + * @modem: modem device
> > + *
> > + * Checks whether modem is accessed or not by querying
> > + * the underlying platform specific modem access
> > + * implementation.
> > + */
> > +int modem_is_requested(struct modem *modem)
> > +{
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&modem->mdev->mutex);
> > +	ret = _modem_is_requested(modem->mdev);
> > +	mutex_unlock(&modem->mdev->mutex);
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL(modem_is_requested);
> 
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL() for this, and the other apis perhaps?

OK.

> 
> > +static struct modem *_modem_get(struct device *dev, const char *id,
> > +		int exclusive)
> > +{
> > +	struct modem_dev *mdev_ptr;
> > +	struct modem *modem = ERR_PTR(-ENODEV);
> > +	int ret;
> > +
> > +	if (id == NULL) {
> > +		pr_err("modem_get with no identifier\n");
> > +		return modem;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&modem_list_mutex);
> > +	list_for_each_entry(mdev_ptr, &modem_list, modem_list) {
> > +		if (strcmp(mdev_get_name(mdev_ptr), id) == 0)
> > +			goto found;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	goto out;
> > +
> > +found:
> > +	if (!try_module_get(mdev_ptr->owner))
> > +		goto out;
> > +
> > +	modem = create_modem(mdev_ptr, dev, id);
> > +	if (modem == NULL) {
> > +		modem = ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
> > +		module_put(mdev_ptr->owner);
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	mdev_ptr->open_count++;
> > +	ret = _modem_is_requested(mdev_ptr);
> > +	if (ret)
> > +		mdev_ptr->use_count = 1;
> > +	else
> > +		mdev_ptr->use_count = 0;
> > +
> > +out:
> > +	mutex_unlock(&modem_list_mutex);
> > +	return modem;
> > +
> > +}
> 
> Calling this function does a lot more than just incrementing the
> reference count of an object.  It sets it up, and creates things.  That
> should be way more documented than this one line says:

Sure will elaborate the documentation.

> 
> > +/**
> > + * modem_get - Get reference to a particular platform specific modem
> > + * @dev: device
> > + * @id: modem device name
> > + *
> > + * Get reference to a particular modem device.
> > + */
> 
> See, that's really not true.
> 
> > +static ssize_t modem_print_state(char *buf, int state)
> > +{
> > +	if (state > 0)
> > +		return sprintf(buf, "accessed\n");
> > +	else if (state == 0)
> > +		return sprintf(buf, "released\n");
> > +	else
> > +		return sprintf(buf, "unknown\n");
> > +}
> 
> Why not use an enumerated type for your state, to make it easier to
> understand than 0, -, and +?

Done

> 
> > +static ssize_t modem_state_show(struct device *dev,
> > +		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> > +{
> > +	struct modem_dev *mdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> > +	ssize_t ret;
> > +
> > +	mutex_lock(&mdev->mutex);
> > +	ret = modem_print_state(buf, _modem_is_requested(mdev));
> 
> Why not just embed the function here?  It's only ever called once.

This function will be called by the modem IPC drivers also.

> 
> > +	mutex_unlock(&mdev->mutex);
> > +
> > +	return ret;
> > +}
> > +static DEVICE_ATTR(state, 0444, modem_state_show, NULL);
> > +
> > +static ssize_t modem_use_show(struct device *dev,
> > +		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> > +{
> > +	struct modem_dev *mdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> > +	struct modem *mod;
> > +	size_t size = 0;
> > +
> > +	list_for_each_entry(mod, &mdev->client_list, list) {
> > +		if (mod->dev != NULL)
> > +			size += sprintf((buf + size), "%s (%d)\n",
> > +				dev_name(mod->dev), atomic_read(&mod->use));
> > +		else
> > +			size += sprintf((buf + size), "unknown (%d)\n",
> > +				atomic_read(&mod->use));
> > +	}
> > +	size += sprintf((buf + size), "\n");
> > +
> > +	return size;
> > +}
> > +static DEVICE_ATTR(use, 0444, modem_use_show, NULL);
> 
> You have sysfs files with no matching Documentation/ABI entries showing
> how they are to be used, and what they contain, in this patch.  Please
> fix this.
> 
> And why are you reporting an atomic value, that's 2 values per sysfs
> file, not acceptable.
> 

Will change it accordingly.

> > +static ssize_t modem_name_show(struct device *dev,
> > +		struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
> > +{
> > +	struct modem_dev *mdev = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
> > +
> > +	return sprintf(buf, "%s\n", mdev_get_name(mdev));
> > +}
> > +static DEVICE_ATTR(name, 0444, modem_name_show, NULL);
> 
> The name is in the struct device, which is the directory in sysfs,
> don't
> include it again in a sysfs file, that's redundant.

Ok.

> 
> > +static int add_modem_attributes(struct modem_dev *mdev)
> > +{
> > +	struct device      *dev = &mdev->dev;
> > +	struct modem_ops   *ops = mdev->desc->ops;
> > +	int                status = 0;
> > +
> > +	status = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_use);
> > +	if (status < 0)
> > +		return status;
> > +
> > +	status = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_name);
> > +	if (status < 0)
> > +		return status;
> > +
> > +	status = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_num_active_users);
> > +	if (status < 0)
> > +		return status;
> > +
> > +	if (ops->is_requested) {
> > +		status = device_create_file(dev, &dev_attr_state);
> > +		if (status < 0)
> > +			return status;
> > +	}
> > +
> > +	return 0;
> > +}
> 
> Please use a default attribute group, as you just raced with userspace,
> and now userspace tried to look for these files when the device was
> created, yet they were not present yet, causing all sorts of problems
> with your tools.  This must be fixed.
> 

Done. Will implement this in the next version of the patch.

Thanks and Regards,
Arun R Murthy
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