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Date:	Mon, 8 Apr 2013 14:17:10 -0700
From:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>
To:	Minchan Kim <minchan@...nel.org>
Cc:	linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, linux-mm@...ck.org,
	Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>,
	Seth Jennings <sjenning@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	Nitin Gupta <ngupta@...are.org>,
	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad@...nok.org>,
	Shaohua Li <shli@...nel.org>,
	Dan Magenheimer <dan.magenheimer@...cle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] mm: remove compressed copy from zram in-memory

On Mon,  8 Apr 2013 15:01:02 +0900 Minchan Kim <minchan@...nel.org> wrote:

> Swap subsystem does lazy swap slot free with expecting the page
> would be swapped out again so we can avoid unnecessary write.

Is that correct?  How can it save a write?

> But the problem in in-memory swap(ex, zram) is that it consumes
> memory space until vm_swap_full(ie, used half of all of swap device)
> condition meet. It could be bad if we use multiple swap device,
> small in-memory swap and big storage swap or in-memory swap alone.
> 
> This patch makes swap subsystem free swap slot as soon as swap-read
> is completed and make the swapcache page dirty so the page should
> be written out the swap device to reclaim it.
> It means we never lose it.

>From my reading of the patch, that isn't how it works?  It changed
end_swap_bio_read() to call zram_slot_free_notify(), which appears to
free the underlying compressed page.  I have a feeling I'm hopelessly
confused.

> --- a/mm/page_io.c
> +++ b/mm/page_io.c
> @@ -20,6 +20,7 @@
>  #include <linux/buffer_head.h>
>  #include <linux/writeback.h>
>  #include <linux/frontswap.h>
> +#include <linux/blkdev.h>
>  #include <asm/pgtable.h>
>  
>  static struct bio *get_swap_bio(gfp_t gfp_flags,
> @@ -81,8 +82,30 @@ void end_swap_bio_read(struct bio *bio, int err)
>  				iminor(bio->bi_bdev->bd_inode),
>  				(unsigned long long)bio->bi_sector);
>  	} else {
> +		/*
> +		 * There is no reason to keep both uncompressed data and
> +		 * compressed data in memory.
> +		 */
> +		struct swap_info_struct *sis;
> +
>  		SetPageUptodate(page);
> +		sis = page_swap_info(page);
> +		if (sis->flags & SWP_BLKDEV) {
> +			struct gendisk *disk = sis->bdev->bd_disk;
> +			if (disk->fops->swap_slot_free_notify) {
> +				swp_entry_t entry;
> +				unsigned long offset;
> +
> +				entry.val = page_private(page);
> +				offset = swp_offset(entry);
> +
> +				SetPageDirty(page);
> +				disk->fops->swap_slot_free_notify(sis->bdev,
> +						offset);
> +			}
> +		}
>  	}
> +
>  	unlock_page(page);
>  	bio_put(bio);

The new code is wasted space if CONFIG_BLOCK=n, yes?

Also, what's up with the SWP_BLKDEV test?  zram doesn't support
SWP_FILE?  Why on earth not?

Putting swap_slot_free_notify() into block_device_operations seems
rather wrong.  It precludes zram-over-swapfiles for all time and means
that other subsystems cannot get notifications for swap slot freeing
for swapfile-backed swap.

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