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Date:	Fri, 26 Apr 2013 18:33:06 +0900
From:	 <jg1.han@...sung.com>
To:	'Andrew Murray' <Andrew.Murray@....com>
Cc:	linux-mips@...ux-mips.org, linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org,
	rob.herring@...xeda.com, jgunthorpe@...idianresearch.com,
	linux@....linux.org.uk, siva.kallam@...sung.com,
	linux-pci@...r.kernel.org, devicetree-discuss@...ts.ozlabs.org,
	Liviu.Dudau@....com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	linux-samsung-soc@...r.kernel.org, kgene.kim@...sung.com,
	bhelgaas@...gle.com, suren.reddy@...sung.com,
	linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, monstr@...str.eu,
	benh@...nel.crashing.org, paulus@...ba.org,
	grant.likely@...retlab.ca, thomas.petazzoni@...e-electrons.com,
	thierry.reding@...onic-design.de, thomas.abraham@...aro.org,
	arnd@...db.de, linus.walleij@...aro.org, juhosg@...nwrt.org,
	Jingoo Han <jg1.han@...sung.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v8 2/3] of/pci: Provide support for parsing PCI DT ranges
 property

On Monday, April 22, 2013 7:42 PM, Andrew Murray wrote:
> 
> This patch factors out common implementation patterns to reduce overall kernel
> code and provide a means for host bridge drivers to directly obtain struct
> resources from the DT's ranges property without relying on architecture specific
> DT handling. This will make it easier to write archiecture independent host bridge
> drivers and mitigate against further duplication of DT parsing code.
> 
> This patch can be used in the following way:
> 
> 	struct of_pci_range_parser parser;
> 	struct of_pci_range range;
> 
> 	if (of_pci_range_parser_init(&parser, np))
> 		; //no ranges property
> 
> 	for_each_of_pci_range(&parser, &range) {
> 
> 		/*
> 			directly access properties of the address range, e.g.:
> 			range.pci_space, range.pci_addr, range.cpu_addr,
> 			range.size, range.flags
> 
> 			alternatively obtain a struct resource, e.g.:
> 			struct resource res;
> 			of_pci_range_to_resource(&range, np, &res);
> 		*/
> 	}
> 
> Additionally the implementation takes care of adjacent ranges and merges them
> into a single range (as was the case with powerpc and microblaze).
> 
> Signed-off-by: Andrew Murray <Andrew.Murray@....com>
> Signed-off-by: Liviu Dudau <Liviu.Dudau@....com>
> Signed-off-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@...e-electrons.com>
> Reviewed-by: Rob Herring <rob.herring@...xeda.com>
> Tested-by: Thomas Petazzoni <thomas.petazzoni@...e-electrons.com>
> Tested-by: Linus Walleij <linus.walleij@...aro.org>
> Acked-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely@...retlab.ca>


Tested-by: Jingoo Han <jg1.han@...sung.com>

Hi Andrew,

I tested this patch with Exynos5440.
It works properly.
Thank you.

Best regards,
Jingoo Han

> ---
>  drivers/of/address.c       |   67 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  drivers/of/of_pci.c        |  113 +++++++++++++++++---------------------------
>  include/linux/of_address.h |   48 +++++++++++++++++++
>  3 files changed, 158 insertions(+), 70 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/of/address.c b/drivers/of/address.c
> index 04da786..fdd0636 100644
> --- a/drivers/of/address.c
> +++ b/drivers/of/address.c
> @@ -227,6 +227,73 @@ int of_pci_address_to_resource(struct device_node *dev, int bar,
>  	return __of_address_to_resource(dev, addrp, size, flags, NULL, r);
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_pci_address_to_resource);
> +
> +int of_pci_range_parser_init(struct of_pci_range_parser *parser,
> +				struct device_node *node)
> +{
> +	const int na = 3, ns = 2;
> +	int rlen;
> +
> +	parser->node = node;
> +	parser->pna = of_n_addr_cells(node);
> +	parser->np = parser->pna + na + ns;
> +
> +	parser->range = of_get_property(node, "ranges", &rlen);
> +	if (parser->range == NULL)
> +		return -ENOENT;
> +
> +	parser->end = parser->range + rlen / sizeof(__be32);
> +
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_pci_range_parser_init);
> +
> +struct of_pci_range *of_pci_range_parser_one(struct of_pci_range_parser *parser,
> +						struct of_pci_range *range)
> +{
> +	const int na = 3, ns = 2;
> +
> +	if (!range)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	if (!parser->range || parser->range + parser->np > parser->end)
> +		return NULL;
> +
> +	range->pci_space = parser->range[0];
> +	range->flags = of_bus_pci_get_flags(parser->range);
> +	range->pci_addr = of_read_number(parser->range + 1, ns);
> +	range->cpu_addr = of_translate_address(parser->node,
> +				parser->range + na);
> +	range->size = of_read_number(parser->range + parser->pna + na, ns);
> +
> +	parser->range += parser->np;
> +
> +	/* Now consume following elements while they are contiguous */
> +	while (parser->range + parser->np <= parser->end) {
> +		u32 flags, pci_space;
> +		u64 pci_addr, cpu_addr, size;
> +
> +		pci_space = be32_to_cpup(parser->range);
> +		flags = of_bus_pci_get_flags(parser->range);
> +		pci_addr = of_read_number(parser->range + 1, ns);
> +		cpu_addr = of_translate_address(parser->node,
> +				parser->range + na);
> +		size = of_read_number(parser->range + parser->pna + na, ns);
> +
> +		if (flags != range->flags)
> +			break;
> +		if (pci_addr != range->pci_addr + range->size ||
> +		    cpu_addr != range->cpu_addr + range->size)
> +			break;
> +
> +		range->size += size;
> +		parser->range += parser->np;
> +	}
> +
> +	return range;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_pci_range_parser_one);
> +
>  #endif /* CONFIG_PCI */
> 
>  /*
> diff --git a/drivers/of/of_pci.c b/drivers/of/of_pci.c
> index 1626172..3c49ab2 100644
> --- a/drivers/of/of_pci.c
> +++ b/drivers/of/of_pci.c
> @@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
>  #include <linux/export.h>
>  #include <linux/of.h>
>  #include <linux/of_pci.h>
> +#include <linux/of_address.h>
>  #include <asm/prom.h>
> 
>  #if defined(CONFIG_PPC32) || defined(CONFIG_PPC64) || defined(CONFIG_MICROBLAZE)
> @@ -82,67 +83,42 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(of_pci_find_child_device);
>  void pci_process_bridge_OF_ranges(struct pci_controller *hose,
>  				  struct device_node *dev, int primary)
>  {
> -	const u32 *ranges;
> -	int rlen;
> -	int pna = of_n_addr_cells(dev);
> -	int np = pna + 5;
>  	int memno = 0, isa_hole = -1;
> -	u32 pci_space;
> -	unsigned long long pci_addr, cpu_addr, pci_next, cpu_next, size;
>  	unsigned long long isa_mb = 0;
>  	struct resource *res;
> +	struct of_pci_range range;
> +	struct of_pci_range_parser parser;
> 
>  	pr_info("PCI host bridge %s %s ranges:\n",
>  	       dev->full_name, primary ? "(primary)" : "");
> 
> -	/* Get ranges property */
> -	ranges = of_get_property(dev, "ranges", &rlen);
> -	if (ranges == NULL)
> +	/* Check for ranges property */
> +	if (of_pci_range_parser_init(&parser, dev))
>  		return;
> 
> -	/* Parse it */
>  	pr_debug("Parsing ranges property...\n");
> -	while ((rlen -= np * 4) >= 0) {
> +	for_each_of_pci_range(&parser, &range) {
>  		/* Read next ranges element */
> -		pci_space = ranges[0];
> -		pci_addr = of_read_number(ranges + 1, 2);
> -		cpu_addr = of_translate_address(dev, ranges + 3);
> -		size = of_read_number(ranges + pna + 3, 2);
> -
> -		pr_debug("pci_space: 0x%08x pci_addr:0x%016llx ",
> -				pci_space, pci_addr);
> -		pr_debug("cpu_addr:0x%016llx size:0x%016llx\n",
> -					cpu_addr, size);
> -
> -		ranges += np;
> +		pr_debug("pci_space: 0x%08x pci_addr: 0x%016llx ",
> +				range.pci_space, range.pci_addr);
> +		pr_debug("cpu_addr: 0x%016llx size: 0x%016llx\n",
> +				range.cpu_addr, range.size);
> 
>  		/* If we failed translation or got a zero-sized region
>  		 * (some FW try to feed us with non sensical zero sized regions
>  		 * such as power3 which look like some kind of attempt
>  		 * at exposing the VGA memory hole)
>  		 */
> -		if (cpu_addr == OF_BAD_ADDR || size == 0)
> +		if (range.cpu_addr == OF_BAD_ADDR || range.size == 0)
>  			continue;
> 
> -		/* Now consume following elements while they are contiguous */
> -		for (; rlen >= np * sizeof(u32);
> -		     ranges += np, rlen -= np * 4) {
> -			if (ranges[0] != pci_space)
> -				break;
> -			pci_next = of_read_number(ranges + 1, 2);
> -			cpu_next = of_translate_address(dev, ranges + 3);
> -			if (pci_next != pci_addr + size ||
> -			    cpu_next != cpu_addr + size)
> -				break;
> -			size += of_read_number(ranges + pna + 3, 2);
> -		}
> -
>  		/* Act based on address space type */
>  		res = NULL;
> -		switch ((pci_space >> 24) & 0x3) {
> -		case 1:		/* PCI IO space */
> +		switch (range.flags & IORESOURCE_TYPE_BITS) {
> +		case IORESOURCE_IO:
>  			pr_info("  IO 0x%016llx..0x%016llx -> 0x%016llx\n",
> -			       cpu_addr, cpu_addr + size - 1, pci_addr);
> +				range.cpu_addr, range.cpu_addr + range.size - 1,
> +				range.pci_addr);
> 
>  			/* We support only one IO range */
>  			if (hose->pci_io_size) {
> @@ -151,11 +127,12 @@ void pci_process_bridge_OF_ranges(struct pci_controller *hose,
>  			}
>  #if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_64BIT))
>  			/* On 32 bits, limit I/O space to 16MB */
> -			if (size > 0x01000000)
> -				size = 0x01000000;
> +			if (range.size > 0x01000000)
> +				range.size = 0x01000000;
> 
>  			/* 32 bits needs to map IOs here */
> -			hose->io_base_virt = ioremap(cpu_addr, size);
> +			hose->io_base_virt = ioremap(range.cpu_addr,
> +						range.size);
> 
>  			/* Expect trouble if pci_addr is not 0 */
>  			if (primary)
> @@ -165,19 +142,21 @@ void pci_process_bridge_OF_ranges(struct pci_controller *hose,
>  			/* pci_io_size and io_base_phys always represent IO
>  			 * space starting at 0 so we factor in pci_addr
>  			 */
> -			hose->pci_io_size = pci_addr + size;
> -			hose->io_base_phys = cpu_addr - pci_addr;
> +			hose->pci_io_size = range.pci_addr + range.size;
> +			hose->io_base_phys = range.cpu_addr - range.pci_addr;
> 
>  			/* Build resource */
>  			res = &hose->io_resource;
> -			res->flags = IORESOURCE_IO;
> -			res->start = pci_addr;
> +			range.cpu_addr = range.pci_addr;
> +
>  			break;
> -		case 2:		/* PCI Memory space */
> -		case 3:		/* PCI 64 bits Memory space */
> +
> +		case IORESOURCE_MEM:
>  			pr_info(" MEM 0x%016llx..0x%016llx -> 0x%016llx %s\n",
> -			       cpu_addr, cpu_addr + size - 1, pci_addr,
> -			       (pci_space & 0x40000000) ? "Prefetch" : "");
> +				range.cpu_addr, range.cpu_addr + range.size - 1,
> +				range.pci_addr,
> +				(range.pci_space & 0x40000000) ?
> +				"Prefetch" : "");
> 
>  			/* We support only 3 memory ranges */
>  			if (memno >= 3) {
> @@ -185,13 +164,13 @@ void pci_process_bridge_OF_ranges(struct pci_controller *hose,
>  				continue;
>  			}
>  			/* Handles ISA memory hole space here */
> -			if (pci_addr == 0) {
> -				isa_mb = cpu_addr;
> +			if (range.pci_addr == 0) {
> +				isa_mb = range.cpu_addr;
>  				isa_hole = memno;
>  				if (primary || isa_mem_base == 0)
> -					isa_mem_base = cpu_addr;
> -				hose->isa_mem_phys = cpu_addr;
> -				hose->isa_mem_size = size;
> +					isa_mem_base = range.cpu_addr;
> +				hose->isa_mem_phys = range.cpu_addr;
> +				hose->isa_mem_size = range.size;
>  			}
> 
>  			/* We get the PCI/Mem offset from the first range or
> @@ -199,30 +178,24 @@ void pci_process_bridge_OF_ranges(struct pci_controller *hose,
>  			 * hole. If they don't match, bugger.
>  			 */
>  			if (memno == 0 ||
> -			    (isa_hole >= 0 && pci_addr != 0 &&
> +			(isa_hole >= 0 && range.pci_addr != 0 &&
>  			     hose->pci_mem_offset == isa_mb))
> -				hose->pci_mem_offset = cpu_addr - pci_addr;
> -			else if (pci_addr != 0 &&
> -				 hose->pci_mem_offset != cpu_addr - pci_addr) {
> +				hose->pci_mem_offset = range.cpu_addr -
> +							range.pci_addr;
> +			else if (range.pci_addr != 0 &&
> +				hose->pci_mem_offset != range.cpu_addr -
> +							range.pci_addr) {
>  				pr_info(" \\--> Skipped (offset mismatch) !\n");
>  				continue;
>  			}
> 
>  			/* Build resource */
>  			res = &hose->mem_resources[memno++];
> -			res->flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
> -			if (pci_space & 0x40000000)
> -				res->flags |= IORESOURCE_PREFETCH;
> -			res->start = cpu_addr;
> +
>  			break;
>  		}
> -		if (res != NULL) {
> -			res->name = dev->full_name;
> -			res->end = res->start + size - 1;
> -			res->parent = NULL;
> -			res->sibling = NULL;
> -			res->child = NULL;
> -		}
> +		if (res != NULL)
> +			of_pci_range_to_resource(&range, dev, res);
>  	}
> 
>  	/* If there's an ISA hole and the pci_mem_offset is -not- matching
> diff --git a/include/linux/of_address.h b/include/linux/of_address.h
> index 0506eb5..4c2e6f2 100644
> --- a/include/linux/of_address.h
> +++ b/include/linux/of_address.h
> @@ -4,6 +4,36 @@
>  #include <linux/errno.h>
>  #include <linux/of.h>
> 
> +struct of_pci_range_parser {
> +	struct device_node *node;
> +	const __be32 *range;
> +	const __be32 *end;
> +	int np;
> +	int pna;
> +};
> +
> +struct of_pci_range {
> +	u32 pci_space;
> +	u64 pci_addr;
> +	u64 cpu_addr;
> +	u64 size;
> +	u32 flags;
> +};
> +
> +#define for_each_of_pci_range(parser, range) \
> +	for (; of_pci_range_parser_one(parser, range);)
> +
> +static inline void of_pci_range_to_resource(struct of_pci_range *range,
> +					    struct device_node *np,
> +					    struct resource *res)
> +{
> +	res->flags = range->flags;
> +	res->start = range->cpu_addr;
> +	res->end = range->cpu_addr + range->size - 1;
> +	res->parent = res->child = res->sibling = NULL;
> +	res->name = np->full_name;
> +}
> +
>  #ifdef CONFIG_OF_ADDRESS
>  extern u64 of_translate_address(struct device_node *np, const __be32 *addr);
>  extern bool of_can_translate_address(struct device_node *dev);
> @@ -27,6 +57,11 @@ static inline unsigned long pci_address_to_pio(phys_addr_t addr) { return -1; }
>  #define pci_address_to_pio pci_address_to_pio
>  #endif
> 
> +extern int of_pci_range_parser_init(struct of_pci_range_parser *parser,
> +			struct device_node *node);
> +extern struct of_pci_range *of_pci_range_parser_one(
> +					struct of_pci_range_parser *parser,
> +					struct of_pci_range *range);
>  #else /* CONFIG_OF_ADDRESS */
>  #ifndef of_address_to_resource
>  static inline int of_address_to_resource(struct device_node *dev, int index,
> @@ -53,6 +88,19 @@ static inline const __be32 *of_get_address(struct device_node *dev, int index,
>  {
>  	return NULL;
>  }
> +
> +static inline int of_pci_range_parser_init(struct of_pci_range_parser *parser,
> +			struct device_node *node)
> +{
> +	return -1;
> +}
> +
> +static inline struct of_pci_range *of_pci_range_parser_one(
> +					struct of_pci_range_parser *parser,
> +					struct of_pci_range *range)
> +{
> +	return NULL;
> +}
>  #endif /* CONFIG_OF_ADDRESS */
> 
> 
> --
> 1.7.0.4

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