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Date:	Thu, 3 Apr 2014 14:45:42 +0200
From:	Jan Kara <>
To:	Zhan Jianyu <>
Cc:	Jan Kara <>,,,,,, LKML <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] blkdev: use an efficient way to check merge flags

On Thu 03-04-14 16:00:44, Zhan Jianyu wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 3, 2014 at 2:13 AM, Jan Kara <> wrote:
> >   OK, but have you checked the generated code is actually any better? This
> > is something I'd expect a compiler might be able to optimize anyway. And the
> > original code looks more readable to me.
> Hi, Jan,
> I've disassemble the code on my x86_64 box
> (it's inline though, I just look at its call site),
> and found that this patch DOES make it more efficient.
> Orig asm snippt                                               with
> patch asm snippt
> ============                                              ================
> mov    %edx,%ecx                                          mov    %rdx,%r9
> xor    %r8d,%ecx                                             xor    %r8d,%r8d
> test   $0x80,%cl                                              and    $0x380,%r9d
> jne    14c5 <blk_rq_merge_ok+0x15>                test   $0x380,%ecx
> and    $0x3,%ch                                              sete   %r8b
> jne    14c5 <blk_rq_merge_ok+0x15>                cmp    %r8,%r9
> je     14b5 <blk_rq_merge_ok+0x15>
> This saves a branch.
> Furthermore,  I found that gcc is smart enough to try to optimize the
> code, so if we do
> like this, it will generate the most optimal and smallest code :
> static inline bool blk_check_merge_flags(unsigned int flags1,
>                                         ¦unsigned int flags2)
> {
>         return ((flags1 ^ flags2) &
>                 (REQ_DISCARD | REQ_SECURE | REQ_WRITE_SAME))
>                 == 0;
> }
> this gives out  :
> mov    %edx,%r8d
> xor    %ecx,%r8d
> and    $0x380,%r8d
> jne    14a5 <blk_rq_merge_ok+0x15>
> But yes, it compromises readibility.
  OK, I'd expect gcc is more clever ;). Thanks for the comparison. Anyway
if that function is performance sensitive, we can use your optimization.
Just add a comment there that we want to check whether the three flags are
the same in both flags and that checking your way generates better code.

Jan Kara <>
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