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Date:	Thu, 10 Jul 2014 10:52:38 -0400
From:	Vivek Goyal <vgoyal@...hat.com>
To:	Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>
Cc:	Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
	Michael Holzheu <holzheu@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
	David Vrabel <david.vrabel@...rix.com>,
	Andrew Jones <drjones@...hat.com>,
	xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
	HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama@...fujitsu.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] mmap_vmcore: skip non-ram pages reported by
 hypervisors

On Wed, Jul 09, 2014 at 01:40:22PM +0200, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
> We have a special check in read_vmcore() handler to check if the page was
> reported as ram or not by the hypervisor (pfn_is_ram()). However, when
> vmcore is read with mmap() no such check is performed. That can lead to
> unpredictable results, e.g. when running Xen PVHVM guest memcpy() after
> mmap() on /proc/vmcore will hang processing HVMMEM_mmio_dm pages creating
> enormous load in both DomU and Dom0.
> 
> Fix the issue by mapping each non-ram page to the zero page. Keep direct
> path with remap_oldmem_pfn_range() to avoid looping through all pages on
> bare metal.
> 
> The issue can also be solved by overriding remap_oldmem_pfn_range() in
> xen-specific code, as remap_oldmem_pfn_range() was been designed for.
> That, however, would involve non-obvious xen code path for all x86 builds
> with CONFIG_XEN_PVHVM=y and would prevent all other hypervisor-specific
> code on x86 arch from doing the same override.
> 
> Changes from v1:
> - comment style changes
> - change remap_oldmem_pfn_checked() interface to closer match the
>   remap_oldmem_pfn() interface
> - preserve formal parameters within the loop, make the loop conditions
>   easier to understand
> - use my_zero_pfn() for the zero page
> - return remapped length instead of new offset
> 
> Signed-off-by: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@...hat.com>
> Reviewed-by: Andrew Jones <drjones@...hat.com>

Also please cc HATAYAMA Daisuke <d.hatayama@...fujitsu.com> in next
posting. He did the mmap() work and might be interested in having a
look at the patch.

Thanks
Vivek

> ---
>  fs/proc/vmcore.c | 89 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
>  1 file changed, 84 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/proc/vmcore.c b/fs/proc/vmcore.c
> index 382aa89..5cd13f8 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/vmcore.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/vmcore.c
> @@ -328,6 +328,67 @@ static inline char *alloc_elfnotes_buf(size_t notes_sz)
>   * virtually contiguous user-space in ELF layout.
>   */
>  #ifdef CONFIG_MMU
> +/*
> + * remap_oldmem_pfn_checked - do remap_oldmem_pfn replacing all pages reported
> + * as not being ram with the zero page.
> + *
> + * @vma: vm_area_struct describing requested mapping
> + * @vma_addr: start remapping from
> + * @pfn: page frame number to start remapping to
> + * @size: remapping size
> + *
> + * Returns the remapped length. If no errors were hit during the remapping it
> + * should be equal to size.
> + */
> +static u64 remap_oldmem_pfn_checked(struct vm_area_struct *vma,
> +				    unsigned long vma_addr, unsigned long pfn,
> +				    unsigned long size)
> +{
> +	size_t map_size;
> +	unsigned long pos_start, pos_end, pos;
> +	unsigned long zeropage_pfn = my_zero_pfn(0);
> +	u64 len = 0;
> +
> +	pos_start = pfn;
> +	pos_end = pfn + (size >> PAGE_SHIFT);
> +
> +	for (pos = pos_start; pos < pos_end; ++pos) {
> +		if (!pfn_is_ram(pos)) {
> +			/* We hit a page which is not ram. Remap the continuous
> +			 * region between pos_start and pos-1 and replace
> +			 * the non-ram page at pos with the zero page.
> +			 */
> +			if (pos > pos_start) {
> +				/* Remap continuous region */
> +				map_size = (pos - pos_start) << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +				if (remap_oldmem_pfn_range(vma, vma_addr + len,
> +							   pos_start, map_size,
> +							   vma->vm_page_prot))
> +					return len;
> +				len += map_size;
> +			}
> +			/* Remap the zero page */
> +			if (remap_oldmem_pfn_range(vma, vma_addr + len,
> +						   zeropage_pfn,
> +						   PAGE_SIZE,
> +						   vma->vm_page_prot))
> +				return len;
> +			len += PAGE_SIZE;
> +			pos_start = pos + 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	if (pos > pos_start) {
> +		/* Remap the rest */
> +		map_size = (pos - pos_start) << PAGE_SHIFT;
> +		if (remap_oldmem_pfn_range(vma, vma_addr + len, pos_start,
> +					   map_size,
> +					   vma->vm_page_prot))
> +			return len;
> +		len += map_size;
> +	}
> +	return len;
> +}
> +
>  static int mmap_vmcore(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>  {
>  	size_t size = vma->vm_end - vma->vm_start;
> @@ -387,13 +448,31 @@ static int mmap_vmcore(struct file *file, struct vm_area_struct *vma)
>  
>  			tsz = min_t(size_t, m->offset + m->size - start, size);
>  			paddr = m->paddr + start - m->offset;
> -			if (remap_oldmem_pfn_range(vma, vma->vm_start + len,
> -						   paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT, tsz,
> -						   vma->vm_page_prot))
> -				goto fail;
> +
> +			/* Check if oldmem_pfn_is_ram was registered to avoid
> +			   looping over all pages without a reason. */
> +			if (oldmem_pfn_is_ram) {
> +				u64 original_len;
> +				unsigned long pfn, vma_addr;
> +
> +				pfn = paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT;
> +				vma_addr = vma->vm_start + len;
> +				original_len = len;
> +				len += remap_oldmem_pfn_checked(vma, vma_addr,
> +								pfn, tsz);
> +				if (len != original_len + tsz)
> +					goto fail;
> +			} else {
> +				if (remap_oldmem_pfn_range(vma,
> +							   vma->vm_start + len,
> +							   paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT,
> +							   tsz,
> +							   vma->vm_page_prot))
> +					goto fail;
> +				len += tsz;
> +			}
>  			size -= tsz;
>  			start += tsz;
> -			len += tsz;
>  
>  			if (size == 0)
>  				return 0;
> -- 
> 1.9.3
--
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