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Date:	Mon, 14 Jul 2014 14:31:37 -0700
From:	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>
To:	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc:	Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>,
	"linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: Is espfix64's double-fault thing OK on Xen?

I'm now rather confused.

On Xen 64-bit, AFAICS, syscall handlers run with CS = 0xe033.  I think
that Xen is somehow fixing up traps that came from "kernel" mode to
show CS = 0xe030, which is an impossible selector value (unless that
segment is conforming) to keep user_mode_vm happy.

I'm running this test:

https://gitorious.org/linux-test-utils/linux-clock-tests/source/1e13516a41416a7282f43c83097c9dfe4619344b:sigreturn.c

It requires a kernel with my SS sigcontext change; otherwise it
doesn't do anything.

Without Xen, it works reliably.  On Xen, it seems to OOPS some
fraction of the time.  It gets a null pointer dereference here:

    movq %rax,(0*8)(%rdi)    /* RAX */

It looks like:

[    0.565752] BUG: unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference
at           (null)
[    0.566706] IP: [<ffffffff81775493>] irq_return_ldt+0x11/0x5c
[    0.566706] PGD 4eb40067 PUD 4eb38067 PMD 0
[    0.566706] Oops: 0002 [#1] SMP
[    0.566706] Modules linked in:
[    0.566706] CPU: 1 PID: 81 Comm: sigreturn Not tainted 3.16.0-rc4+ #47
[    0.566706] Hardware name: Bochs Bochs, BIOS Bochs 01/01/2011
[    0.566706] task: ffff88004e8aa180 ti: ffff88004eb68000 task.ti:
ffff88004eb68000
[    0.566706] RIP: e030:[<ffffffff81775493>]  [<ffffffff81775493>]
irq_return_ldt+0x11/0x5c
[    0.566706] RSP: e02b:ffff88004eb6bfc8  EFLAGS: 00010002
[    0.566706] RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000000 RCX: ffffffffffffffff
[    0.566706] RDX: 000000000000000a RSI: 0000000000000051 RDI: 0000000000000000
[    0.566706] RBP: 00000000006d3018 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000000
[    0.566706] R10: 0000000000000008 R11: 0000000000000202 R12: 0000000000000000
[    0.566706] R13: 0000000000000001 R14: 000000000040eec0 R15: 0000000000000000
[    0.566706] FS:  0000000000000000(0063) GS:ffff880056300000(0000)
knlGS:0000000000000000
[    0.566706] CS:  e033 DS: 000f ES: 000f CR0: 0000000080050033
[    0.566706] CR2: 0000000000000000 CR3: 000000004eb3c000 CR4: 0000000000042660
[    0.566706] Stack:
[    0.566706]  0000000000000051 0000000000000000 0000000000000000
0000000000000007
[    0.566706]  0000000000000202 8badf00d5aad0000 000000000000000f
[    0.566706] Call Trace:
[    0.566706] Code: 44 24 20 04 75 14 e9 9d 5a 89 ff 90 66 66 66 2e
0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 48 cf 50 57 66 66 90 66 66 90 65 48 8b 3c 25
00 b0 00 00 <48> 89 07 48 8b 44 24 10 48 89 47 08 48 8b 44 24 18 48 89
47 10
[    0.566706] RIP  [<ffffffff81775493>] irq_return_ldt+0x11/0x5c
[    0.566706]  RSP <ffff88004eb6bfc8>
[    0.566706] CR2: 0000000000000000
[    0.566706] ---[ end trace a62b7f28ce379a48 ]---

When it doesn't OOPS, it segfaults.  I don't know why.  I suspect that
Xen either has a bug in modify_ldt, sigreturn, or iret when returning
to a CS that lives in the LDT.


--Andy
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