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Date:	Wed, 23 Jul 2014 01:42:18 +0200
From:	"Rafael J. Wysocki" <>
To:	"Zheng, Lv" <>
Cc:	"Wysocki, Rafael J" <>,
	"Brown, Len" <>, Lv Zheng <>,
	"" <>,
	"" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 2/7] ACPICA: Linux: Add stub implementation of ACPICA 64-bit mathematics.

On Monday, July 21, 2014 01:26:10 AM Zheng, Lv wrote:
> Hi, Rafael
> > From: Rafael J. Wysocki []
> > Sent: Sunday, July 20, 2014 7:46 AM
> > To: Zheng, Lv
> > 
> > On Wednesday, July 16, 2014 04:58:00 PM Lv Zheng wrote:
> > > This patch adds default 64-bit mathematics in aclinux.h using do_div(). As
> > > do_div() can be used for all Linux architectures, this can also be used as
> > > stub macros for ACPICA 64-bit mathematics.
> > >
> > > But this is not a performance friendly way, as ACPICA's architecture
> > > specific division OSL only requires a dividing 64-bit number with a 32-bit
> > > number implementation, while Linux __div64_32() is not available for all
> > > build environments. So currently, if an architecture really wants to
> > > support ACPICA, it must implement its own division OSL.
> > 
> > What does this mean for i386, in particular?
> All ACPICA environment macros have defaults in actypes.h or acenv.h, these macros are the only ones do not have defaults.
> Because their defaults should be provided by OSPMs.
> This patch just adds their default implementation for __KERNEL__ surrounded code for Linux kernel.
> It only provides build protection and demonstrations of the functionality, no one actually uses it now.
> Let me figure out the possible users below:
> These macros are required by drivers/acpi/utmath.c when ACPI_USE_NATIVE_DIVIDE is not defined.
> It is used by ACPICA, so currently this is only meaningful to CONFIG_ACPI builds.
> So kernel will not use these macros unless CONFIG_ACPI is defined and ACPI_USE_DIVIDE is not defined.
> For 64-bit kernels: 
> In include/acpi/actypes.h, for ACPI_MACHINE_WIDTH=64, ACPI_USE_NATIVE_DIVIDE will be defined, thus these macros are not used.
> In include/acpi/platform/aclinux.h, for __KERNEL__ surrounded code, ACPI_MACHINE_WIDTH is defined to be BITS_PER_LONG.
> So all 64-bit kernels do not use these macros.
> For 32-bit kernels:
> As mentioned above, these macros will be used when BITS_PER_LONG is 32.
> Thus currently the i328 kernels are the only users for these macros.
> But they won't use this default implementation provided by this patch because:
> In arch/x86/include/asm/acenv.h, there are already overrides implemented.
> So these default macros are not used by 32-bit x86 (i386) kernels.
> These macros will only be used by future non x86 32-bit architectures that try to support ACPI in Linux kernel.
> During the period they do not have arch specific implementations of such macros, we can avoid build errors for them.
> And since they can see ACPICA functioning without implementing any arch specific environment tunings, we  can also avoid function errors for them.
> As this implementation is not performance friendly, those architectures still need to implement real support in the end.
> As a conclusion, IMO:
> 1. This default implementation just fill an ACPICA default environment gap.
> 1. There are no users and will be no users of this default implementation in the kernel.
> 3. Though this default implementation is not performance friendly, it functions correctly, so it can be a demo for future 32-bit architectures that try to support ACPI.
> 4. We can use this default implementation to avoid build troubles.

Good analysis, thanks!

I copied the most useful part of it to the changelog of this patch and queued
up the whole series for 3.17.

I speak only for myself.
Rafael J. Wysocki, Intel Open Source Technology Center.
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