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Date:	Tue, 22 Jul 2014 19:39:38 +0400
From:	Andrew Vagin <avagin@...allels.com>
To:	Eric Paris <eparis@...hat.com>
CC:	<linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	<linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>,
	Andrew Vagin <avagin@...nvz.org>,
	"Andrew G. Morgan" <morgan@...nel.org>,
	"Serge E. Hallyn" <serge.hallyn@...onical.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Steve Grubb <sgrubb@...hat.com>, Dan Walsh <dwalsh@...hat.com>,
	<stable@...nel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] CAPABILITIES: remove undefined caps from all processes

On Mon, Jul 21, 2014 at 04:59:01PM -0400, Eric Paris wrote:
> This is effectively a revert of 7b9a7ec565505699f503b4fcf61500dceb36e744
> plus fixing it a different way...
> 
> We found, when trying to run an application from an application which
> had dropped privs that the kernel does security checks on undefined
> capability bits.  This was ESPECIALLY difficult to debug as those
> undefined bits are hidden from /proc/$PID/status.
> 
> Consider a root application which drops all capabilities from ALL 4
> capability sets.  We assume, since the application is going to set
> eff/perm/inh from an array that it will clear not only the defined caps
> less than CAP_LAST_CAP, but also the higher 28ish bits which are
> undefined future capabilities.
> 
> The BSET gets cleared differently.  Instead it is cleared one bit at a
> time.  The problem here is that in security/commoncap.c::cap_task_prctl()
> we actually check the validity of a capability being read.  So any task
> which attempts to 'read all things set in bset' followed by 'unset all
> things set in bset' will not even attempt to unset the undefined bits
> higher than CAP_LAST_CAP.
> 
> So the 'parent' will look something like:
> CapInh:	0000000000000000
> CapPrm:	0000000000000000
> CapEff:	0000000000000000
> CapBnd:	ffffffc000000000
> 
> All of this 'should' be fine.  Given that these are undefined bits that
> aren't supposed to have anything to do with permissions.  But they do...
> 
> So lets now consider a task which cleared the eff/perm/inh completely
> and cleared all of the valid caps in the bset (but not the invalid caps
> it couldn't read out of the kernel).  We know that this is exactly what
> the libcap-ng library does and what the go capabilities library does.
> They both leave you in that above situation if you try to clear all of
> you capapabilities from all 4 sets.  If that root task calls execve()
> the child task will pick up all caps not blocked by the bset.  The bset
> however does not block bits higher than CAP_LAST_CAP.  So now the child
> task has bits in eff which are not in the parent.  These are
> 'meaningless' undefined bits, but still bits which the parent doesn't
> have.
> 
> The problem is now in cred_cap_issubset() (or any operation which does a
> subset test) as the child, while a subset for valid cap bits, is not a
> subset for invalid cap bits!  So now we set durring commit creds that
> the child is not dumpable.  Given it is 'more priv' than its parent.  It
> also means the parent cannot ptrace the child and other stupidity.
> 
> The solution here is 2 things.
> 1) stop hiding capability bits in status
> 	we hide those upper bits which meant I couldn't spot this issue
> 2) stop giving any task undefined capability bits.  it's simple, it you
> don't put those invalid bits in CAP_FULL_SET you won't get them in init
> and you won't get them in any other task either.

Pls, look at the comment for my first patch: https://lkml.org/lkml/2012/10/5/374

The following command fails with this patch (and succeeds without).

[root@...gin-fc19-cr ~]# capsh --caps="all=eip" -- -c /bin/bash
Unable to set capabilities [--caps=all=eip]


> 
> Signed-off-by: Eric Paris <eparis@...hat.com>
> Cc: Andrew Vagin <avagin@...nvz.org>
> Cc: Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@...nel.org>
> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge.hallyn@...onical.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> Cc: Steve Grubb <sgrubb@...hat.com>
> Cc: Dan Walsh <dwalsh@...hat.com>
> Cc: stable@...nel.org
> ---
>  fs/proc/array.c            | 9 ---------
>  include/linux/capability.h | 2 +-
>  2 files changed, 1 insertion(+), 10 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/fs/proc/array.c b/fs/proc/array.c
> index 64db2bc..d882018 100644
> --- a/fs/proc/array.c
> +++ b/fs/proc/array.c
> @@ -302,10 +302,6 @@ static void render_cap_t(struct seq_file *m, const char *header,
>  	seq_putc(m, '\n');
>  }
>  
> -/* Remove non-existent capabilities */
> -#define NORM_CAPS(v) (v.cap[CAP_TO_INDEX(CAP_LAST_CAP)] &= \
> -				CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LAST_CAP + 1) - 1)
> -
>  static inline void task_cap(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *p)
>  {
>  	const struct cred *cred;
> @@ -319,11 +315,6 @@ static inline void task_cap(struct seq_file *m, struct task_struct *p)
>  	cap_bset	= cred->cap_bset;
>  	rcu_read_unlock();
>  
> -	NORM_CAPS(cap_inheritable);
> -	NORM_CAPS(cap_permitted);
> -	NORM_CAPS(cap_effective);
> -	NORM_CAPS(cap_bset);
> -
>  	render_cap_t(m, "CapInh:\t", &cap_inheritable);
>  	render_cap_t(m, "CapPrm:\t", &cap_permitted);
>  	render_cap_t(m, "CapEff:\t", &cap_effective);
> diff --git a/include/linux/capability.h b/include/linux/capability.h
> index 84b13ad..1c36782 100644
> --- a/include/linux/capability.h
> +++ b/include/linux/capability.h
> @@ -79,7 +79,7 @@ extern const kernel_cap_t __cap_init_eff_set;
>  #else /* HAND-CODED capability initializers */
>  
>  # define CAP_EMPTY_SET    ((kernel_cap_t){{ 0, 0 }})
> -# define CAP_FULL_SET     ((kernel_cap_t){{ ~0, ~0 }})
> +# define CAP_FULL_SET     ((kernel_cap_t){{ ~0, CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LAST_CAP + 1) -1 }})
>  # define CAP_FS_SET       ((kernel_cap_t){{ CAP_FS_MASK_B0 \
>  				    | CAP_TO_MASK(CAP_LINUX_IMMUTABLE), \
>  				    CAP_FS_MASK_B1 } })
> -- 
> 1.9.3
> 
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