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Date:	Thu, 7 Aug 2014 11:54:01 +0200
From:	Denys Vlasenko <vda.linux@...glemail.com>
To:	Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>
Cc:	X86 ML <x86@...nel.org>, Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@...il.com>,
	Denys Vlasenko <dvlasenk@...hat.com>,
	Oleg Nesterov <oleg@...hat.com>,
	"linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
	"H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
	Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...mgrid.com>,
	Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
	Will Drewry <wad@...omium.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 4/5] x86: entry_64.S: always allocate complete "struct pt_regs"

On Tue, Aug 5, 2014 at 4:53 PM, Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net> wrote:
> On Aug 5, 2014 7:36 PM, "Denys Vlasenko" <vda.linux@...glemail.com> wrote:
>> Then old_rsp can be nuked everywhere else,
>> RESTORE_TOP_OF_STACK can be nuked, and
>> FIXUP_TOP_OF_STACK can be reduced to merely:
>>
>>         movq $__USER_DS,SS(%rsp)
>>         movq $__USER_CS,CS(%rsp)
>
> Mmm, right.  That's probably better than doing this on the fast path.

I measured it. These particular insns have a nasty huge encoding in x86 -
12 bytes each, no less!

48 c7 84 24 88 00 00 00 33 00 00 00   movq   $0x33,0x88(%rsp)
48 c7 84 24 a0 00 00 00 2b 00 00 00   movq   $0x2b,0xa0(%rsp)

With them in hot path, I measure 55.6 ns per syscall,
with them moved out of hot path it's 54.8 ns.
This is 2.70GHz CPU, so it must be 2 CPU cycles.

-- 
vda
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