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Date:   Fri, 23 Dec 2016 22:12:21 +0100
From:   Nicolai Stange <>
To:     Matt Fleming <>
Cc:     Nicolai Stange <>,
        Ard Biesheuvel <>,
        Thomas Gleixner <>,
        Ingo Molnar <>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <>,,,,
        Mika Penttilä <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/2] x86/efi: don't allocate memmap through memblock after mm_init()

Matt Fleming <> writes:

> On Thu, 22 Dec, at 11:23:39AM, Nicolai Stange wrote:
>> So, after memblock is gone, allocations should be done through the "normal"
>> page allocator. Introduce a helper, efi_memmap_alloc() for this. Use
>> it from efi_arch_mem_reserve() and from efi_free_boot_services() as well.
>> Fixes: 4bc9f92e64c8 ("x86/efi-bgrt: Use efi_mem_reserve() to avoid copying image data")
>> Signed-off-by: Nicolai Stange <>

> Could you also modify efi_fake_memmap() to use your new
> efi_memmap_alloc() function for consistency


I'm planning to submit another set of patches addressing the (bounded)
memmap leaking in anything calling efi_memmap_unmap() though. In the
course of doing so, the memmap allocation sites will get touched anyway:
I'll have to store some information about how the memmap's memory has
been obtained.

> (note that all memblock_alloc()s should probably be PAGE_SIZE aligned
> like the fakemem code)?

Ok, but I'd really like to understand why: I can't find anything in
neither the code nor in the UEFI spec requiring this. And up to now,
efi_arch_mem_reserve() as well as efi_free_boot_services() used to do
those unaligned allocations...

In light of this, is there really a necessity for using whole page
allocations after mm_init() or would kmalloc() suffice here?
Provided that the memremap bits get adjusted accordingly, of course.

So, I'm thinking of turning the ->late boolean into a tristate like the

Memory allocated by | Memory mapped through
memblock            | early_memremap
memblock            | memremap
kmalloc             | -

Neglecting slub overhead, the use of kmalloc() over alloc_pages() would
save 4096 - 12*40 == 3616 Bytes on my system with its 12 entries under
/sys/firmware/efi/runtime-map/. Not really critical, but if it comes for
free, why not?



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