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Date:   Tue, 4 Apr 2017 10:17:14 -0700
From:   Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:     Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadevatlinux.vnet.ibm.com@...ibm.com>
Cc:     Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@...nel.crashing.org>,
        michael.neuling@....ibm.com, stewart@...ux.vnet.ibm.com,
        apopple@....ibm.com, hbabu@...ibm.com, oohall@...il.com,
        bsingharora@...il.com, linuxppc-dev@...abs.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 02/11] VAS: Define macros, register fields and
 structures

Sukadev Bhattiprolu [sukadevatlinux.vnet.ibm.com] wrote:
> Define macros for the VAS hardware registers and bit-fields as well
> as couple of data structures needed by the VAS driver.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev at linux.vnet.ibm.com>

<snip>

> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/vas.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,387 @@
> +/*
> + * Copyright 2016 IBM Corp.
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
> + * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
> + * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
> + * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
> + */
> +
> +#ifndef _VAS_H
> +#define _VAS_H
> +#include <linux/atomic.h>
> +#include <linux/idr.h>
> +#include <asm/vas.h>
> +
> +#ifdef CONFIG_PPC_4K_PAGES
> +#	error "TODO: Compute RMA/Paste-address for 4K pages."
> +#else
> +#ifndef CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES
> +#	error "Unexpected Page size."
> +#endif
> +#endif

The above "#error" breaks kbuild with some config. Here is the updated
patch with the block removed. Instead, [PATCH 4] now includes a "depends
on PPC_64K_PAGES".

Thanks,

Sukadev
----

>From 45629fa7a233eb35483c0941fb4f0509d369b001 Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Date: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 16:51:17 -0500
Subject: [PATCH v4 02/11] VAS: Define macros, register fields and structures

Define macros for the VAS hardware registers and bit-fields as well
as couple of data structures needed by the VAS driver.

Signed-off-by: Sukadev Bhattiprolu <sukadev@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
---
Changelog[v4]
	- [Michael Neuling] Move VAS code to arch/powerpc; Reorg vas.h and
	  vas-internal.h to kernel and uapi versions; rather than creating
	  separate properties for window context/address entries in device
	  tree, combine them into "reg" properties; drop ->hwirq and irq_port
	  fields from vas_window as they are only needed with user space
	  windows.
	- Drop the error check for CONFIG_PPC_4K_PAGES. Instead in a
	  follow-on patch add a "depends on CONFIG_PPC_64K_PAGES".

Changelog[v3]
	- Rename winctx->pid to winctx->pidr to reflect that its a value
	  from the PID register (SPRN_PID), not the linux process id.
	- Make it easier to split header into kernel/user parts
	- To keep user interface simple, use macros rather than enum for
	  the threshold-control modes.
	- Add a pid field to struct vas_window - needed for user space
	  send windows.

Changelog[v2]
	- Add an overview of VAS in vas-internal.h
	- Get window context parameters from device tree and drop
	  unnecessary macros.
---
 arch/powerpc/include/asm/vas.h       |  34 ++++
 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/vas.h  |  25 +++
 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/vas.h | 379 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 438 insertions(+)
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/asm/vas.h
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/vas.h
 create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/vas.h

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vas.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vas.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..e2575d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/vas.h
@@ -0,0 +1,34 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2016 IBM Corp.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _MISC_VAS_H
+#define _MISC_VAS_H
+
+#include <uapi/asm/vas.h>
+
+/*
+ * Min and max FIFO sizes are based on Version 1.05 Section 3.1.4.25
+ * (Local FIFO Size Register) of the VAS workbook.
+ */
+#define VAS_RX_FIFO_SIZE_MIN	(1 << 10)	/* 1KB */
+#define VAS_RX_FIFO_SIZE_MAX	(8 << 20)	/* 8MB */
+
+/*
+ * Co-processor Engine type.
+ */
+enum vas_cop_type {
+	VAS_COP_TYPE_FAULT,
+	VAS_COP_TYPE_842,
+	VAS_COP_TYPE_842_HIPRI,
+	VAS_COP_TYPE_GZIP,
+	VAS_COP_TYPE_GZIP_HIPRI,
+	VAS_COP_TYPE_MAX,
+};
+
+#endif /* _MISC_VAS_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/vas.h b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/vas.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..ddfe046
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/uapi/asm/vas.h
@@ -0,0 +1,25 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2016 IBM Corp.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _UAPI_MISC_VAS_H
+#define _UAPI_MISC_VAS_H
+
+/*
+ * Threshold Control Mode: Have paste operation fail if the number of
+ * requests in receive FIFO exceeds a threshold.
+ *
+ * NOTE: No special error code yet if paste is rejected because of these
+ *	 limits. So users can't distinguish between this and other errors.
+ */
+#define VAS_THRESH_DISABLED		0
+#define VAS_THRESH_FIFO_GT_HALF_FULL	1
+#define VAS_THRESH_FIFO_GT_QTR_FULL	2
+#define VAS_THRESH_FIFO_GT_EIGHTH_FULL	3
+
+#endif /* _UAPI_MISC_VAS_H */
diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/vas.h b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/vas.h
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..4953856
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/vas.h
@@ -0,0 +1,379 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright 2016 IBM Corp.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
+ * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
+ * as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
+ * 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
+ */
+
+#ifndef _VAS_H
+#define _VAS_H
+#include <linux/atomic.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
+#include <asm/vas.h>
+
+/*
+ * Overview of Virtual Accelerator Switchboard (VAS).
+ *
+ * VAS is a hardware "switchboard" that allows senders and receivers to
+ * exchange messages with _minimal_ kernel involvment. The receivers are
+ * typically NX coprocessor engines that perform compression or encryption
+ * in hardware, but receivers can also be other software threads.
+ *
+ * Senders are user/kernel threads that submit compression/encryption or
+ * other requests to the receivers. Senders must format their messages as
+ * Coprocessor Request Blocks (CRB)s and submit them using the "copy" and
+ * "paste" instructions which were introduced in Power9.
+ *
+ * A Power node can have (upto?) 8 Power chips. There is one instance of
+ * VAS in each Power9 chip. Each instance of VAS has 64K windows or ports,
+ * Senders and receivers must each connect to a separate window before they
+ * can exchange messages through the switchboard.
+ *
+ * Each window is described by two types of window contexts:
+ *
+ *	Hypervisor Window Context (HVWC) of size VAS_HVWC_SIZE bytes
+ *
+ *	OS/User Window Context (UWC) of size VAS_UWC_SIZE bytes.
+ *
+ * A window context can be viewed as a set of 64-bit registers. The settings
+ * in these registers configure/control/determine the behavior of the VAS
+ * hardware when messages are sent/received through the window. The registers
+ * in the HVWC are configured by the kernel while the registers in the UWC can
+ * be configured by the kernel or by the user space application that is using
+ * the window.
+ *
+ * The HVWCs for all windows on a specific instance of VAS are in a contiguous
+ * range of hardware addresses or Base address region (BAR) referred to as the
+ * HVWC BAR for the instance. Similarly the UWCs for all windows on an instance
+ * are referred to as the UWC BAR for the instance. The two BARs for each
+ * instance are defined Power9 MMIO Ranges spreadsheet and available to the
+ * kernel the device tree in the first four of six 64-bit entries in:
+ *
+ *	/proc/device-tree/xscom@.../vas@.../reg
+ *
+ * where
+ *
+ *	[0], [1]	HVWC BAR start and size
+ *	[2], [3]	UWC BAR start and size
+ *	[4], [5]	"Window base" and "Window shift"
+ *
+ * The kernel maps the HVWC and UWC BAR regions into the kernel address
+ * space (hvwc_map and uwc_map). The kernel can then access the window
+ * contexts of a specific window using:
+ *
+ *	 hvwc = hvwc_map + winid * VAS_HVWC_SIZE.
+ *	 uwc = uwc_map + winid * VAS_UWC_SIZE.
+ *
+ * where winid is the window index (0..64K).
+ *
+ * As mentioned, a window context is used to "configure" a window. Besides
+ * this configuration address, each _send_ window also has a unique hardware
+ * "paste" address that is used to submit requests (or CRBs).
+ *
+ * The hardware paste address for a window is computed using the "Window
+ * base" (base) and "Window shift" (shift) values ("reg" properties [4]
+ * and [5]), as follows:
+ *
+ *	paste_addr = base + ((winid << shift))
+ *
+ * The kernel maps this hardware address into the sender's address space
+ * after which they can use the 'paste' instruction (new in Power9) to
+ * send a message (submit a request aka CRB).
+ *
+ * NOTE: In the initial version, senders can only in-kernel drivers/threads.
+ *	 Support for user space threads will be added in follow-on patches.
+ *
+ * TODO: Do we need to map the UWC into user address space so they can return
+ *	 credits? Its NA for NX but may be needed for other receive windows.
+ *
+ */
+
+/* TODO: Increase to 64K after initial development */
+#define VAS_MAX_WINDOWS_PER_CHIP       64
+
+/*
+ * Hypervisor and OS/USer Window Context sizes
+ */
+#define VAS_HVWC_SIZE			512
+#define VAS_UWC_SIZE			PAGE_SIZE
+
+/*
+ * Initial per-process credits.
+ * Max send window credits:    4K-1 (12-bits in VAS_TX_WCRED)
+ * Max receive window credits: 64K-1 (16 bits in VAS_LRX_WCRED)
+ *
+ * TODO: Needs tuning for per-process credits
+ */
+#define VAS_WCREDS_MIN			16
+#define VAS_WCREDS_MAX			((64 << 10) - 1)
+#define VAS_WCREDS_DEFAULT		(1 << 10)
+
+/*
+ * VAS Window Context Register Offsets and bitmasks.
+ * See Section 3.1.4 of VAS Work book
+ */
+#define VAS_LPID_OFFSET			0x010
+#define VAS_LPID			PPC_BITMASK(0, 11)
+
+#define VAS_PID_OFFSET			0x018
+#define VAS_PID_ID			PPC_BITMASK(0, 19)
+
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_OFFSET		0x020
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_DR		PPC_BIT(0)
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_TA		PPC_BIT(1)
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_PR		PPC_BIT(2)
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_US		PPC_BIT(3)
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_HV		PPC_BIT(4)
+#define VAS_XLATE_MSR_SF		PPC_BIT(5)
+
+#define VAS_XLATE_LPCR_OFFSET		0x028
+#define VAS_XLATE_LPCR_PAGE_SIZE	PPC_BITMASK(0, 2)
+#define VAS_XLATE_LPCR_ISL		PPC_BIT(3)
+#define VAS_XLATE_LPCR_TC		PPC_BIT(4)
+#define VAS_XLATE_LPCR_SC		PPC_BIT(5)
+
+#define VAS_XLATE_CTL_OFFSET		0x030
+#define VAS_XLATE_MODE			PPC_BITMASK(0, 1)
+
+#define VAS_AMR_OFFSET			0x040
+#define VAS_AMR				PPC_BITMASK(0, 63)
+
+#define VAS_SEIDR_OFFSET		0x048
+#define VAS_SEIDR			PPC_BITMASK(0, 63)
+
+#define VAS_FAULT_TX_WIN_OFFSET		0x050
+#define VAS_FAULT_TX_WIN		PPC_BITMASK(48, 63)
+
+#define VAS_OSU_INTR_SRC_RA_OFFSET	0x060
+#define VAS_OSU_INTR_SRC_RA		PPC_BITMASK(8, 63)
+
+#define VAS_HV_INTR_SRC_RA_OFFSET	0x070
+#define VAS_HV_INTR_SRC_RA		PPC_BITMASK(8, 63)
+
+#define VAS_PSWID_OFFSET		0x078
+#define VAS_PSWID_EA_HANDLE		PPC_BITMASK(0, 31)
+
+#define VAS_SPARE1_OFFSET		0x080
+#define VAS_SPARE2_OFFSET		0x088
+#define VAS_SPARE3_OFFSET		0x090
+#define VAS_SPARE4_OFFSET		0x130
+#define VAS_SPARE5_OFFSET		0x160
+#define VAS_SPARE6_OFFSET		0x188
+
+#define VAS_LFIFO_BAR_OFFSET		0x0A0
+#define VAS_LFIFO_BAR			PPC_BITMASK(8, 53)
+#define VAS_PAGE_MIGRATION_SELECT	PPC_BITMASK(54, 56)
+
+#define VAS_LDATA_STAMP_CTL_OFFSET	0x0A8
+#define VAS_LDATA_STAMP			PPC_BITMASK(0, 1)
+#define VAS_XTRA_WRITE			PPC_BIT(2)
+
+#define VAS_LDMA_CACHE_CTL_OFFSET	0x0B0
+#define VAS_LDMA_TYPE			PPC_BITMASK(0, 1)
+
+#define VAS_LRFIFO_PUSH_OFFSET		0x0B8
+#define VAS_LRFIFO_PUSH			PPC_BITMASK(0, 15)
+
+#define VAS_CURR_MSG_COUNT_OFFSET	0x0C0
+#define VAS_CURR_MSG_COUNT		PPC_BITMASK(0, 7)
+
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_AFTER_COUNT_OFFSET	0x0C8
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_AFTER_COUNT		PPC_BITMASK(0, 7)
+
+#define VAS_LRX_WCRED_OFFSET		0x0E0
+#define VAS_LRX_WCRED			PPC_BITMASK(0, 15)
+
+#define VAS_LRX_WCRED_ADDER_OFFSET	0x190
+#define VAS_LRX_WCRED_ADDER		PPC_BITMASK(0, 15)
+
+#define VAS_TX_WCRED_OFFSET		0x0F0
+#define VAS_TX_WCRED			PPC_BITMASK(4, 15)
+
+#define VAS_TX_WCRED_ADDER_OFFSET	0x1A0
+#define VAS_TX_WCRED_ADDER		PPC_BITMASK(4, 15)
+
+#define VAS_LFIFO_SIZE_OFFSET		0x100
+#define VAS_LFIFO_SIZE			PPC_BITMASK(0, 3)
+
+#define VAS_WINCTL_OFFSET		0x108
+#define VAS_WINCTL_OPEN			PPC_BIT(0)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_REJ_NO_CREDIT	PPC_BIT(1)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_PIN			PPC_BIT(2)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_TX_WCRED_MODE	PPC_BIT(3)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_RX_WCRED_MODE	PPC_BIT(4)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_TX_WORD_MODE		PPC_BIT(5)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_RX_WORD_MODE		PPC_BIT(6)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_RSVD_TXBUF		PPC_BIT(7)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_THRESH_CTL		PPC_BITMASK(8, 9)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_FAULT_WIN		PPC_BIT(10)
+#define VAS_WINCTL_NX_WIN		PPC_BIT(11)
+
+#define VAS_WIN_STATUS_OFFSET		0x110
+#define VAS_WIN_BUSY			PPC_BIT(1)
+
+#define VAS_WIN_CTX_CACHING_CTL_OFFSET	0x118
+#define VAS_CASTOUT_REQ			PPC_BIT(0)
+#define VAS_PUSH_TO_MEM			PPC_BIT(1)
+#define VAS_WIN_CACHE_STATUS		PPC_BIT(4)
+
+#define VAS_TX_RSVD_BUF_COUNT_OFFSET	0x120
+#define VAS_RXVD_BUF_COUNT		PPC_BITMASK(58, 63)
+
+#define VAS_LRFIFO_WIN_PTR_OFFSET	0x128
+#define VAS_LRX_WIN_ID			PPC_BITMASK(0, 15)
+
+/*
+ * Local Notification Control Register controls what happens in _response_
+ * to a paste command and hence applies only to receive windows.
+ */
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_CTL_OFFSET		0x138
+#define VAS_NOTIFY_DISABLE		PPC_BIT(0)
+#define VAS_INTR_DISABLE		PPC_BIT(1)
+#define VAS_NOTIFY_EARLY		PPC_BIT(2)
+#define VAS_NOTIFY_OSU_INTR		PPC_BIT(3)
+
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_PID_OFFSET		0x140
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_PID			PPC_BITMASK(0, 19)
+
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_LPID_OFFSET		0x148
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_LPID		PPC_BITMASK(0, 11)
+
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_TID_OFFSET		0x150
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_TID			PPC_BITMASK(0, 15)
+
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_SCOPE_OFFSET	0x158
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_MIN_SCOPE		PPC_BITMASK(0, 1)
+#define VAS_LNOTIFY_MAX_SCOPE		PPC_BITMASK(2, 3)
+
+#define VAS_NX_UTIL_OFFSET		0x1B0
+#define VAS_NX_UTIL			PPC_BITMASK(0, 63)
+
+/* SE: Side effects */
+#define VAS_NX_UTIL_SE_OFFSET		0x1B8
+#define VAS_NX_UTIL_SE			PPC_BITMASK(0, 63)
+
+#define VAS_NX_UTIL_ADDER_OFFSET	0x180
+#define VAS_NX_UTIL_ADDER		PPC_BITMASK(32, 63)
+
+/*
+ * Local Notify Scope Control Register. (Receive windows only).
+ */
+enum vas_notify_scope {
+	VAS_SCOPE_LOCAL,
+	VAS_SCOPE_GROUP,
+	VAS_SCOPE_VECTORED_GROUP,
+	VAS_SCOPE_UNUSED,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Local DMA Cache Control Register (Receive windows only).
+ */
+enum vas_dma_type {
+	VAS_DMA_TYPE_INJECT,
+	VAS_DMA_TYPE_WRITE,
+};
+
+/*
+ * Local Notify Scope Control Register. (Receive windows only).
+ * Not applicable to NX receive windows.
+ */
+enum vas_notify_after_count {
+	VAS_NOTIFY_AFTER_256 = 0,
+	VAS_NOTIFY_NONE,
+	VAS_NOTIFY_AFTER_2
+};
+
+/*
+ * One per instance of VAS. Each instance will have a separate set of
+ * receive windows, one per coprocessor type.
+ */
+struct vas_instance {
+	int vas_id;
+	struct ida ida;
+
+	u64 hvwc_bar_start;
+	u64 hvwc_bar_len;
+	u64 uwc_bar_start;
+	u64 uwc_bar_len;
+	u64 win_base_addr;
+	u64 win_id_shift;
+
+	struct mutex mutex;
+	struct vas_window *rxwin[VAS_COP_TYPE_MAX];
+};
+
+/*
+ * In-kernel state a VAS window. One per window.
+ */
+struct vas_window {
+	/* Fields common to send and receive windows */
+	struct vas_instance *vinst;
+	int winid;
+	bool tx_win;		/* True if send window */
+	bool nx_win;		/* True if NX window */
+	void *hvwc_map;		/* HV window context */
+	void *uwc_map;		/* OS/User window context */
+
+	/* Fields applicable only to send windows */
+	pid_t pid;		/* linux process id of sender, if applicable */
+	void *paste_kaddr;
+	char *paste_addr_name;
+	struct vas_window *rxwin;
+
+	/* Feilds applicable only to receive windows */
+	enum vas_cop_type cop;
+	atomic_t num_txwins;
+};
+
+/*
+ * Container for the hardware state of a window. One per-window.
+ *
+ * A VAS Window context is a 512-byte area in the hardware that contains
+ * a set of 64-bit registers. Individual bit-fields in these registers
+ * determine the configuration/operation of the hardware. struct vas_winctx
+ * is a container for the register fields in the window context.
+ */
+struct vas_winctx {
+	void *rx_fifo;
+	int rx_fifo_size;
+	int wcreds_max;
+	int rsvd_txbuf_count;
+
+	bool user_win;
+	bool nx_win;
+	bool fault_win;
+	bool rsvd_txbuf_enable;
+	bool pin_win;
+	bool rej_no_credit;
+	bool tx_wcred_mode;
+	bool rx_wcred_mode;
+	bool tx_word_mode;
+	bool rx_word_mode;
+	bool data_stamp;
+	bool xtra_write;
+	bool notify_disable;
+	bool intr_disable;
+	bool notify_early;
+	bool notify_os_intr_reg;
+
+	int lpid;
+	int pidr;		/* value from SPRN_PID, not linux pid */
+	int lnotify_lpid;
+	int lnotify_pid;
+	int lnotify_tid;
+	int pswid;
+	int rx_win_id;
+	int fault_win_id;
+	int tc_mode;
+
+	uint64_t irq_port;
+
+	enum vas_dma_type dma_type;
+	enum vas_notify_scope min_scope;
+	enum vas_notify_scope max_scope;
+	enum vas_notify_after_count notify_after_count;
+};
+
+#endif /* _VAS_H */
-- 
2.7.4

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