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Date:   Fri, 21 Apr 2017 17:13:21 -0700
From:   Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com>
To:     Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Cc:     Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Djalal Harouni <tixxdz@...il.com>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "Serge E. Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>,
        "kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com" 
        <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>,
        LSM List <linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>,
        Dongsu Park <dpark@...teo.net>,
        James Morris <james.l.morris@...cle.com>,
        Paul Moore <paul@...l-moore.com>,
        Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@...ove.sakura.ne.jp>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>, Jessica Yu <jeyu@...hat.com>,
        Rusty Russell <rusty@...tcorp.com.au>,
        Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...hat.com>,
        Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab@...nel.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        belakhdar abdeldjalil <zendyani@...il.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 2/2] modules:capabilities: add a per-task modules
 autoload restriction

On 4/21/2017 5:00 PM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 21, 2017 at 4:52 PM, Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com> wrote:
>> On 4/21/2017 4:28 PM, Andy Lutomirski wrote:
>>> On Fri, Apr 21, 2017 at 4:19 PM, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org> wrote:
>>>> On Wed, Apr 19, 2017 at 7:41 PM, Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org> wrote:
>>>>> On Wed, Apr 19, 2017 at 4:43 PM, Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org> wrote:
>>>>>> On Wed, Apr 19, 2017 at 4:15 PM, Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org> wrote:
>>>>>>> On Wed, Apr 19, 2017 at 3:20 PM, Djalal Harouni <tixxdz@...il.com> wrote:
>>>>>>>> +/* Sets task's modules_autoload */
>>>>>>>> +static inline int task_set_modules_autoload(struct task_struct *task,
>>>>>>>> +                                           unsigned long value)
>>>>>>>> +{
>>>>>>>> +       if (value > MODULES_AUTOLOAD_DISABLED)
>>>>>>>> +               return -EINVAL;
>>>>>>>> +       else if (task->modules_autoload > value)
>>>>>>>> +               return -EPERM;
>>>>>>>> +       else if (task->modules_autoload < value)
>>>>>>>> +               task->modules_autoload = value;
>>>>>>>> +
>>>>>>>> +       return 0;
>>>>>>>> +}
>>>>>>> This needs to be more locked down.  Otherwise someone could set this
>>>>>>> and then run a setuid program.  Admittedly, it would be quite odd if
>>>>>>> this particular thing causes a problem, but the issue exists
>>>>>>> nonetheless.
>>>>>> Eeeh, I don't agree this needs to be changed. APIs provided by modules
>>>>>> are different than the existing privilege-manipulation syscalls this
>>>>>> concern stems from. Applications are already forced to deal with
>>>>>> things being missing like this in the face of it simply not being
>>>>>> built into the kernel.
>>>>>>
>>>>>> Having to hide this behind nnp seems like it'd reduce its utility...
>>>>>>
>>>>> I think that adding an inherited boolean to task_struct that can be
>>>>> set by unprivileged tasks and passed to privileged tasks is a terrible
>>>>> precedent.  Ideally someone would try to find all the existing things
>>>>> like this and kill them off.
>>>> (Tristate, not boolean, but yeah.)
>>>>
>>>> I see two others besides seccomp and nnp:
>>>>
>>>> PR_MCE_KILL
>>> Well, that's interesting.  That should presumably be reset on setuid
>>> exec or something.
>>>
>>>> PR_SET_THP_DISABLE
>>> Um.  At least that's just a performance issue.
>>>
>>>> I really don't think this needs nnp protection.
>>>>
>>>>> I agree that I don't see how one would exploit this particular
>>>>> feature, but I still think I dislike the approach.  This is a slippery
>>>>> slope to adding a boolean for perf_event_open(), unshare(), etc, and
>>>>> we should solve these for real rather than half-arsing them IMO.
>>>> I disagree (obviously); this would be protecting the entire module
>>>> autoload attack surface. That's hardly a specific control, and it's a
>>>> demonstrably needed flag.
>>>>
>>> The list is just going to get longer.  We should probably have controls for:
>>>
>>>  - Use of perf.  Unclear how fine grained they should be.
>>>
>>>  - Creation of new user namespaces.  Possibly also use of things like
>>> iptables without global privilege.
>>>
>>>  - Ability to look up tasks owned by different uids (or maybe other
>>> tasks *at all*) by pid/tid.  Conceptually, this is easy.  The API is
>>> the only hard part, I think.
>>>
>>>  - Ability to bind ports, maybe?
>> One of my longer term (i.e. after stacking) projects
>> is to create sensible access control on ports. Why shouldn't
>> they have owners and mode bits (or ACLs, if you prefer)
>> or real names. I kind of think we should be able to eliminate
>> the need for dbus without resorting to kdbus.
> My implicit_rights concept gives any type of access control you can
> use on inodes because they *are* inodes.  So you get ACLs, etc.
>
> Brief summary for those who didn't read my old email: We add a new
> kind of filesystem object called a "right".  It's a special kind of
> socket inode that can't be bound or connected but is instead created
> by a new syscall.  It has a name, so "port:1234" might be a name of a
> right.
>
> To use an implicit right, you do whatever syscall you would do
> normally.  The kernel looks for a right object at
> /dev/implicit_rights/<name>.  If that object exists, is a right of the
> correct type (i.e. the right's name matches <name>) and you have
> execute access, you win.  Otherwise you lose.
>
> To avoid breaking existing distros, for things like modules_autoload,
> you would set a sysctl
> /proc/sys/kernel/required_implicit_rights/modules_autoload=1.  With
> that set, to autoload a module without CAP_SYS_MODULE, you need the
> /dev/implicit_rights/modules_autoload.

Sounds good.

>> So I don't like the idea of treating that as a special case.
>> I'd rather see ports controlled properly. (Of course, the
>> SELinux crowd will point out they have this handled, but I
>> remain unconvinced of the overall solution)
> Agreed.  But I think we should address all of these things together.

What I don't want is to have to buy into a hundred things I
don't want in order to get the one thing I do. A General mechanism
is dandy, but I don't want to have to write a gazillion policy
lines for features I don't want in order to get a simple control.
The problem with SELinux is not the effort required to protect
what you care about, it's the effort required to do everything else.

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