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Date:   Fri, 12 May 2017 14:57:29 +0200
From:   Petr Mladek <pmladek@...e.com>
To:     Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky.work@...il.com>
Cc:     Aleksey Makarov <aleksey.makarov@...aro.org>,
        Sabrina Dubroca <sd@...asysnail.net>,
        linux-serial@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Sudeep Holla <sudeep.holla@....com>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Peter Hurley <peter@...leysoftware.com>,
        Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.com>,
        Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        "Nair, Jayachandran" <Jayachandran.Nair@...ium.com>,
        Sergey Senozhatsky <sergey.senozhatsky@...il.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v9 3/3] printk: fix double printing with earlycon

On Thu 2017-05-11 17:41:58, Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> On (05/11/17 17:24), Sergey Senozhatsky wrote:
> > On (05/09/17 10:29), Sabrina Dubroca wrote:
> > [..]
> > > That's caused a change of behavior in my qemu setup, with this cmdline
> > > 
> > >     root=/dev/sda1 console=ttyS1 console=ttyS0
> > > 
> > > Before, the kernel logs appeared on ttyS1, and I logged in with ttyS0
> > > (with my setup, ttyS1 is a file and ttyS0 is unix socket). Now, the
> > > kernel logs go to ttyS0. I need to swap the two console= parameters to
> > > restore behavior.
> > > 
> > > There might be some other problem (in qemu?) though, because adding
> > > console=tty0 anywhere on that cmdline makes the logs appear on both
> > > tty0 and one ttyS* (but only one of them, and the ordering of the
> > > ttyS* matters).
> > 
> > thanks for the report.
> > 
> > so we have ttyS1 first and ttyS0 last.
> > after commit in question, register_console() iterates console_cmdline
> > in reverse order so we see ttyS0 first, then we hit `if (newcon->index < 0)'
> > condition, set newcon to ttyS0, because we iterate in reverse order now, and
> > break out. so we enable ttyS0, instead of ttyS1.
> > 
> > previously, we iterated console_cmdline from index 0 and saw ttyS1 first.
> > so the same `if (newcon->index < 0)' condition would set newcone to ttyS1,
> > and, thus, we would enable ttyS1, not ttyS0.
> 
> Alexey,
> can we have preferred console at offset 0 (not at console_cmdline_cnt - 1)
> and restore the previous register_console() iteration order?

This will not help. ttyS0 is the last console defined on the command
line. Therefore it is the preferred one. It means that it will be
moved to offset 0 and hit first.

I have tried to reproduce the problem and started kernel with
console=ttyS1 console=ttyS0 in qemu. It created:

	console_cmdline = {{
				.name = "ttyS";
				.index = 1;		// from ttyS1
			   },{
				.name = "ttyS"
				.index = 0;		// from ttyS0
			   }};
	preferred_console = 1;		// ttyuS0;


Then register_console() is called twice here. First time
from con_init() that registers:

	static struct console vt_console_driver = {
		.name		= "tty",
		.write		= vt_console_print,
		.device		= vt_console_device,
		.unblank	= unblank_screen,
		.flags		= CON_PRINTBUFFER,
		.index		= -1,
	};

	It does not match and it is not enabled here.


2nd times from univ8250_console_init() that registers:

	static struct console univ8250_console = {
		.name		= "ttyS",
		.write		= univ8250_console_write,
		.device		= uart_console_device,
		.setup		= univ8250_console_setup,
		.match		= univ8250_console_match,
		.flags		= CON_PRINTBUFFER | CON_ANYTIME,
		.index		= -1,
		.data		= &serial8250_reg,
	};

	It matches both console_cmdline entries because index = -1.
	The first tested is selected.


Hmm, I have no idea how to fix this. This is the case where
a registered console matches more entries from the command line.
The fix that caused this regression fixed exactly this situation
and we wanted to make the preferred console first.


In fact, it always was kind of random because both init calls are
defined as

	console_initcall(con_init);
	console_initcall(univ8250_console_init);

They are put into special elf section and called from console_init()
the following way:

	call = __con_initcall_start;
	while (call < __con_initcall_end) {
		(*call)();
		call++;
	}

By other words, the order depends on the linking order which is
kind of weak order enforcement.

I am not sure if we broke some backward compatibility or actually made
it more predictable in the long term.

Best Regards,
Petr

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