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Date:   Thu,  9 Nov 2017 06:55:28 -0800
From:   Andi Kleen <andi@...stfloor.org>
To:     acme@...nel.org
Cc:     jolsa@...nel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
Subject: [PATCH v1 5/5] perf, tools, script: Allow computing metrics in perf script

From: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>

Add support for computing perf stat style metrics in perf script.

When using leader sampling we can get metrics for each sampling
period by computing formulas over the values of the different
group members.

This allows things like fine grained IPC tracking through sampling,
much more fine grained than with perf stat.

Note that the metric is still averaged over the sampling period,
it is not just for the sampling point.

This patch adds a new metric output field for perf script
that uses the existing perf stat metrics infrastructure to compute
any metrics supported by perf stat.

For example to sample IPC:

$ perf record -e '{ref-cycles,cycles,instructions}:S' -a sleep 1
$ perf script -F metric,ip,sym,time,cpu,comm
...
 alsa-sink-ALC32 [000] 42815.856074:      7fd65937d6cc [unknown]
 alsa-sink-ALC32 [000] 42815.856074:      7fd65937d6cc [unknown]
 alsa-sink-ALC32 [000] 42815.856074:      7fd65937d6cc [unknown]
 alsa-sink-ALC32 [000] 42815.856074:    metric:    0.13  insn per cycle
         swapper [000] 42815.857961:  ffffffff81655df0 __schedule
         swapper [000] 42815.857961:  ffffffff81655df0 __schedule
         swapper [000] 42815.857961:  ffffffff81655df0 __schedule
         swapper [000] 42815.857961:    metric:    0.23  insn per cycle
 qemu-system-x86 [000] 42815.858130:  ffffffff8165ad0e
_raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore
 qemu-system-x86 [000] 42815.858130:  ffffffff8165ad0e
_raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore
 qemu-system-x86 [000] 42815.858130:  ffffffff8165ad0e
_raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore
 qemu-system-x86 [000] 42815.858130:    metric:    0.46  insn per cycle
           :4972 [000] 42815.858312:  ffffffffa080e5f2 vmx_vcpu_run
           :4972 [000] 42815.858312:  ffffffffa080e5f2 vmx_vcpu_run
           :4972 [000] 42815.858312:  ffffffffa080e5f2 vmx_vcpu_run
           :4972 [000] 42815.858312:    metric:    0.45  insn per cycle

TopDown:

Note this requires disabling SMT if you have it enabled, because
SMT would require sampling per core, which is not supported.

$ perf record -e '{ref-cycles,topdown-fetch-bubbles,topdown-recovery-bubbles,\
topdown-slots-retired,topdown-total-slots,topdown-slots-issued}:S' -a sleep 1
$ perf script --header -I -F cpu,ip,sym,event,metric,period
...
[000]     121108               ref-cycles:  ffffffff8165222e copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
[000]     190350    topdown-fetch-bubbles:  ffffffff8165222e copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
[000]       2055 topdown-recovery-bubbles:  ffffffff8165222e copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
[000]     148729    topdown-slots-retired:  ffffffff8165222e copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
[000]     144324      topdown-total-slots:  ffffffff8165222e copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
[000]     160852     topdown-slots-issued:  ffffffff8165222e copy_user_enhanced_fast_string
[000]   metric:     33.0% frontend bound
[000]   metric:      3.5% bad speculation
[000]   metric:     25.8% retiring
[000]   metric:     37.7% backend bound
[000]     112112               ref-cycles:  ffffffff8165aec8 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
[000]     357222    topdown-fetch-bubbles:  ffffffff8165aec8 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
[000]       3325 topdown-recovery-bubbles:  ffffffff8165aec8 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
[000]     323553    topdown-slots-retired:  ffffffff8165aec8 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
[000]     270507      topdown-total-slots:  ffffffff8165aec8 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
[000]     341226     topdown-slots-issued:  ffffffff8165aec8 _raw_spin_lock_irqsave
[000]   metric:     33.0% frontend bound
[000]   metric:      2.9% bad speculation
[000]   metric:     29.9% retiring
[000]   metric:     34.2% backend bound
...

Signed-off-by: Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>
---
 tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt | 10 +++-
 tools/perf/builtin-script.c              | 82 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 tools/perf/util/evsel.h                  |  2 +
 tools/perf/util/metricgroup.c            |  4 ++
 4 files changed, 97 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt
index bcc1ba35a2d8..62eb1acae8f0 100644
--- a/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt
+++ b/tools/perf/Documentation/perf-script.txt
@@ -117,7 +117,7 @@ OPTIONS
         Comma separated list of fields to print. Options are:
         comm, tid, pid, time, cpu, event, trace, ip, sym, dso, addr, symoff,
         srcline, period, iregs, uregs, brstack, brstacksym, flags, bpf-output, brstackinsn,
-        brstackoff, callindent, insn, insnlen, synth, phys_addr.
+	brstackoff, callindent, insn, insnlen, synth, phys_addr, metric.
         Field list can be prepended with the type, trace, sw or hw,
         to indicate to which event type the field list applies.
         e.g., -F sw:comm,tid,time,ip,sym  and -F trace:time,cpu,trace
@@ -217,6 +217,14 @@ OPTIONS
 
 	The brstackoff field will print an offset into a specific dso/binary.
 
+	With the metric option perf script can compute metrics for
+	sampling periods, similar to perf stat. This requires
+	specifying a group with multiple metrics with the :S option
+	for perf record. perf will sample on the first event, and
+	compute metrics for all the events in the group. Please note
+	that the metric computed is averaged over the whole sampling
+	period, not just for the sample point.
+
 -k::
 --vmlinux=<file>::
         vmlinux pathname
diff --git a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
index 34d8b766e518..9b989c584ce6 100644
--- a/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
+++ b/tools/perf/builtin-script.c
@@ -21,6 +21,7 @@
 #include "util/cpumap.h"
 #include "util/thread_map.h"
 #include "util/stat.h"
+#include "util/color.h"
 #include "util/string2.h"
 #include "util/thread-stack.h"
 #include "util/time-utils.h"
@@ -89,6 +90,7 @@ enum perf_output_field {
 	PERF_OUTPUT_SYNTH           = 1U << 25,
 	PERF_OUTPUT_PHYS_ADDR       = 1U << 26,
 	PERF_OUTPUT_UREGS	    = 1U << 27,
+	PERF_OUTPUT_METRIC	    = 1U << 28,
 };
 
 struct output_option {
@@ -123,6 +125,7 @@ struct output_option {
 	{.str = "brstackoff", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_BRSTACKOFF},
 	{.str = "synth", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_SYNTH},
 	{.str = "phys_addr", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_PHYS_ADDR},
+	{.str = "metric", .field = PERF_OUTPUT_METRIC},
 };
 
 enum {
@@ -1398,6 +1401,82 @@ static size_t data_src__printf(u64 data_src)
 	return printf("%-*s", maxlen, out);
 }
 
+struct metric_ctx {
+	struct perf_sample	*sample;
+	struct thread		*thread;
+	struct perf_evsel	*evsel;
+};
+
+static void script_print_metric(void *ctx,
+				const char *color,
+				const char *fmt,
+				const char *unit, double val)
+{
+	struct metric_ctx *mctx = ctx;
+
+	if (!fmt)
+		return;
+	print_sample_start(mctx->sample, mctx->thread, mctx->evsel);
+	fputs("\tmetric: ", stdout);
+	if (color)
+		color_fprintf(stdout, color, fmt, val);
+	else
+		printf(fmt, val);
+	printf(" %s\n", unit);
+}
+
+static void script_new_line(void *ctx)
+{
+	struct metric_ctx *mctx = ctx;
+
+	print_sample_start(mctx->sample, mctx->thread, mctx->evsel);
+	fputs("\tmetric: ", stdout);
+}
+
+static void print_metric(struct perf_script *script,
+			 struct thread *thread,
+			 struct perf_evsel *evsel,
+			 struct perf_sample *sample)
+{
+	struct perf_stat_output_ctx ctx = {
+		.print_metric = script_print_metric,
+		.new_line = script_new_line,
+		.ctx = &(struct metric_ctx) {
+				.sample = sample,
+				.thread = thread,
+				.evsel = evsel
+			 },
+		.force_header = false,
+	};
+	struct perf_evsel *ev2;
+	static bool init;
+	u64 val;
+
+	if (!init) {
+		perf_stat__init_shadow_stats();
+		init = true;
+	}
+	if (!evsel->priv)
+		perf_evlist__alloc_stats(script->session->evlist, false);
+	if (evsel->leader->gnum++ == 0)
+		perf_stat__reset_shadow_stats();
+	val = sample->period * evsel->scale;
+	perf_stat__update_shadow_stats(evsel,
+				       &val,
+				       sample->cpu);
+	evsel->val = sample->period;
+	if (evsel->leader->gnum == evsel->leader->nr_members) {
+		for_each_group_member (ev2, evsel->leader) {
+			perf_stat__print_shadow_stats(ev2,
+						      ev2->val * ev2->scale,
+						      sample->cpu,
+						      &ctx,
+						      NULL);
+		}
+		evsel->leader->gnum = 0;
+	}
+}
+
 static void process_event(struct perf_script *script,
 			  struct perf_sample *sample, struct perf_evsel *evsel,
 			  struct addr_location *al,
@@ -1481,6 +1560,9 @@ static void process_event(struct perf_script *script,
 	if (PRINT_FIELD(PHYS_ADDR))
 		printf("%16" PRIx64, sample->phys_addr);
 	printf("\n");
+
+	if (PRINT_FIELD(METRIC))
+		print_metric(script, thread, evsel, sample);
 }
 
 static struct scripting_ops	*scripting_ops;
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/evsel.h b/tools/perf/util/evsel.h
index 25f21cde8826..27a72b883645 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/evsel.h
+++ b/tools/perf/util/evsel.h
@@ -108,6 +108,8 @@ struct perf_evsel {
 	struct cpu_map		*cpus;
 	struct cpu_map		*own_cpus;
 	struct thread_map	*threads;
+	u64			val;
+	int			gnum;
 	unsigned int		sample_size;
 	int			id_pos;
 	int			is_pos;
diff --git a/tools/perf/util/metricgroup.c b/tools/perf/util/metricgroup.c
index 0ddd9c199227..6fd709017bbc 100644
--- a/tools/perf/util/metricgroup.c
+++ b/tools/perf/util/metricgroup.c
@@ -38,6 +38,10 @@ struct metric_event *metricgroup__lookup(struct rblist *metric_events,
 	struct metric_event me = {
 		.evsel = evsel
 	};
+
+	if (!metric_events)
+		return NULL;
+
 	nd = rblist__find(metric_events, &me);
 	if (nd)
 		return container_of(nd, struct metric_event, nd);
-- 
2.13.6

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