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Date:   Sun, 17 Dec 2017 14:18:42 -0800
From:   Matthew Wilcox <willy@...radead.org>
To:     "Wang, Wei W" <wei.w.wang@...el.com>
Cc:     Tetsuo Handa <penguin-kernel@...ove.SAKURA.ne.jp>,
        "virtio-dev@...ts.oasis-open.org" <virtio-dev@...ts.oasis-open.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "qemu-devel@...gnu.org" <qemu-devel@...gnu.org>,
        "virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org" 
        <virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org>,
        "kvm@...r.kernel.org" <kvm@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-mm@...ck.org" <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        "mst@...hat.com" <mst@...hat.com>,
        "mhocko@...nel.org" <mhocko@...nel.org>,
        "akpm@...ux-foundation.org" <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        "mawilcox@...rosoft.com" <mawilcox@...rosoft.com>,
        "david@...hat.com" <david@...hat.com>,
        "cornelia.huck@...ibm.com" <cornelia.huck@...ibm.com>,
        "mgorman@...hsingularity.net" <mgorman@...hsingularity.net>,
        "aarcange@...hat.com" <aarcange@...hat.com>,
        "amit.shah@...hat.com" <amit.shah@...hat.com>,
        "pbonzini@...hat.com" <pbonzini@...hat.com>,
        "liliang.opensource@...il.com" <liliang.opensource@...il.com>,
        "yang.zhang.wz@...il.com" <yang.zhang.wz@...il.com>,
        "quan.xu@...yun.com" <quan.xu@...yun.com>,
        "nilal@...hat.com" <nilal@...hat.com>,
        "riel@...hat.com" <riel@...hat.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v19 3/7] xbitmap: add more operations

On Sun, Dec 17, 2017 at 01:47:21PM +0000, Wang, Wei W wrote:
> On Saturday, December 16, 2017 3:22 AM, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > On Fri, Dec 15, 2017 at 10:49:15AM -0800, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > > Here's the API I'm looking at right now.  The user need take no lock;
> > > the locking (spinlock) is handled internally to the implementation.
> 
> Another place I saw your comment " The xb_ API requires you to handle your own locking" which seems conflict with the above "the user need take no lock".
> Doesn't the caller need a lock to avoid concurrent accesses to the ida bitmap?

Yes, the xb_ implementation requires you to handle your own locking.
The xbit_ API that I'm proposing will take care of the locking for you.
There's also no preallocation in the API.

> We'll change it to "bool xb_find_set(.., unsigned long *result)", returning false indicates no "1" bit is found.

I put a replacement proposal in the next paragraph:
bool xbit_find_set(struct xbitmap *, unsigned long *start, unsigned long max);

Maybe 'start' is the wrong name for that parameter.  Let's call it 'bit'.
It's both "where to start" and "first bit found".

> >  - xbit_clear() can't return an error.  Neither can xbit_zero().
> 
> I found the current xbit_clear implementation only returns 0, and there isn't an error to be returned from this function. In this case, is it better to make the function "void"?

Yes, I think so.

My only qualm is that I've been considering optimising the memory
consumption when an entire 1024-bit chunk is full; instead of keeping a
pointer to a 128-byte entry full of ones, store a special value in the
radix tree which means "every bit is set".

The downside is that we then have to pass GFP flags to xbit_clear() and
xbit_zero(), and they can fail.  It's not clear to me whether that's a
good tradeoff.

> Are you suggesting to rename the current xb_ APIs to the above xbit_ names (with parameter changes)? 
> 
> Why would we need xbit_alloc, which looks like ida_get_new, I think set/clear should be adequate to the current usages.

I'm intending on replacing the xb_ and ida_ implementations with this one.
It removes the preload API which makes it easier to use, and it handles
the locking for you.

But I need to get the XArray (which replaces the radix tree) finished first.

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