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Date:   Fri, 12 Jan 2018 19:07:28 -0600
From:   Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@....com>
To:     x86@...nel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Rik van Riel <riel@...hat.com>, Andi Kleen <ak@...ux.intel.com>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Jiri Kosina <jikos@...nel.org>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...el.com>,
        Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...gle.com>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...ux-foundation.org>,
        David Woodhouse <dwmw@...zon.co.uk>,
        Paul Turner <pjt@...gle.com>
Subject: [PATCH v1] x86/retpoline: Use lfence in the retpoline/RSB filling
 RSB macros

The pause instruction is currently used in the retpoline and RSB filling
macros as a speculation trap.  The use of pause was originally suggested
because it showed a very, very small difference in the amount of
cycles/time used to execute the retpoline as compared to lfence.  On AMD,
the pause instruction is not a serializing instruction, so the pause/jmp
loop will use excess power as it is speculated over waiting for return
to mispredict to the correct target.

The RSB filling macro is applicable to AMD, and, if software is unable to
verify that lfence is serializing on AMD (possible when running under a
hypervisor), the generic retpoline support will be used and, so, is also
applicable to AMD.  Change the use of pause to lfence.

Signed-off-by: Tom Lendacky <thomas.lendacky@....com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h |   10 +++++-----
 1 file changed, 5 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
index 402a11c..2c4a09a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/nospec-branch.h
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@
  * Fill the CPU return stack buffer.
  *
  * Each entry in the RSB, if used for a speculative 'ret', contains an
- * infinite 'pause; jmp' loop to capture speculative execution.
+ * infinite 'lfence; jmp' loop to capture speculative execution.
  *
  * This is required in various cases for retpoline and IBRS-based
  * mitigations for the Spectre variant 2 vulnerability. Sometimes to
@@ -37,12 +37,12 @@
 771:						\
 	call	772f;				\
 773:	/* speculation trap */			\
-	pause;					\
+	lfence;					\
 	jmp	773b;				\
 772:						\
 	call	774f;				\
 775:	/* speculation trap */			\
-	pause;					\
+	lfence;					\
 	jmp	775b;				\
 774:						\
 	dec	reg;				\
@@ -72,7 +72,7 @@
 .macro RETPOLINE_JMP reg:req
 	call	.Ldo_rop_\@
 .Lspec_trap_\@:
-	pause
+	lfence
 	jmp	.Lspec_trap_\@
 .Ldo_rop_\@:
 	mov	\reg, (%_ASM_SP)
@@ -164,7 +164,7 @@
 	"       jmp    904f;\n"					\
 	"       .align 16\n"					\
 	"901:	call   903f;\n"					\
-	"902:	pause;\n"					\
+	"902:	lfence;\n"					\
 	"       jmp    902b;\n"					\
 	"       .align 16\n"					\
 	"903:	addl   $4, %%esp;\n"				\

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