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Date:   Thu, 28 Feb 2019 09:46:57 +0000
From:   Paul Durrant <Paul.Durrant@...rix.com>
To:     Igor Druzhinin <igor.druzhinin@...rix.com>,
        "xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org" <xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org>,
        "netdev@...r.kernel.org" <netdev@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
CC:     Wei Liu <wei.liu2@...rix.com>,
        "davem@...emloft.net" <davem@...emloft.net>,
        Igor Druzhinin <igor.druzhinin@...rix.com>
Subject: RE: [PATCH] xen-netback: fix occasional leak of grant ref mappings
 under memory pressure

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Igor Druzhinin [mailto:igor.druzhinin@...rix.com]
> Sent: 28 February 2019 02:03
> To: xen-devel@...ts.xenproject.org; netdev@...r.kernel.org; linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
> Cc: Wei Liu <wei.liu2@...rix.com>; Paul Durrant <Paul.Durrant@...rix.com>; davem@...emloft.net; Igor
> Druzhinin <igor.druzhinin@...rix.com>
> Subject: [PATCH] xen-netback: fix occasional leak of grant ref mappings under memory pressure
> 
> Zero-copy callback flag is not yet set on frag list skb at the moment
> xenvif_handle_frag_list() returns -ENOMEM. This eventually results in
> leaking grant ref mappings since xenvif_zerocopy_callback() is never
> called for these fragments. Those eventually build up and cause Xen
> to kill Dom0 as the slots get reused for new mappings.
> 
> That behavior is observed under certain workloads where sudden spikes
> of page cache usage for writes coexist with active atomic skb allocations.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Igor Druzhinin <igor.druzhinin@...rix.com>
> ---
>  drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c | 3 +++
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
> index 80aae3a..2023317 100644
> --- a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
> +++ b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
> @@ -1146,9 +1146,12 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif_queue *queue)
> 
>  		if (unlikely(skb_has_frag_list(skb))) {
>  			if (xenvif_handle_frag_list(queue, skb)) {
> +				struct sk_buff *nskb =
> +						skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list;
>  				if (net_ratelimit())
>  					netdev_err(queue->vif->dev,
>  						   "Not enough memory to consolidate frag_list!\n");
> +				xenvif_skb_zerocopy_prepare(queue, nskb);
>  				xenvif_skb_zerocopy_prepare(queue, skb);
>  				kfree_skb(skb);
>  				continue;

Whilst this fix will do the job, I think it would be better to get rid of the kfree_skb() from inside xenvif_handle_frag_list() and always deal with it here rather than having it happen in two different places. Something like the following...

---8<---
diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
index 80aae3a32c2a..093c7b860772 100644
--- a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
+++ b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
@@ -1027,13 +1027,13 @@ static void xenvif_tx_build_gops(struct xenvif_queue *queue,
 /* Consolidate skb with a frag_list into a brand new one with local pages on
  * frags. Returns 0 or -ENOMEM if can't allocate new pages.
  */
-static int xenvif_handle_frag_list(struct xenvif_queue *queue, struct sk_buff *skb)
+static int xenvif_handle_frag_list(struct xenvif_queue *queue, struct sk_buff *diff --git a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
index 80aae3a32c2a..093c7b860772 100644
--- a/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
+++ b/drivers/net/xen-netback/netback.c
@@ -1027,13 +1027,13 @@ static void xenvif_tx_build_gops(struct xenvif_queue *qu
eue,
 /* Consolidate skb with a frag_list into a brand new one with local pages on
  * frags. Returns 0 or -ENOMEM if can't allocate new pages.
  */
-static int xenvif_handle_frag_list(struct xenvif_queue *queue, struct sk_buff *
skb)
+static int xenvif_handle_frag_list(struct xenvif_queue *queue, struct sk_buff *
skb,
+                                  struct sk_buff *nskb)
 {
        unsigned int offset = skb_headlen(skb);
        skb_frag_t frags[MAX_SKB_FRAGS];
        int i, f;
        struct ubuf_info *uarg;
-       struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list;

        queue->stats.tx_zerocopy_sent += 2;
        queue->stats.tx_frag_overflow++;
@@ -1072,11 +1072,6 @@ static int xenvif_handle_frag_list(struct xenvif_queue *q
ueue, struct sk_buff *s
                skb_frag_size_set(&frags[i], len);
        }

-       /* Copied all the bits from the frag list -- free it. */
-       skb_frag_list_init(skb);
-       xenvif_skb_zerocopy_prepare(queue, nskb);
-       kfree_skb(nskb);
-
        /* Release all the original (foreign) frags. */
        for (f = 0; f < skb_shinfo(skb)->nr_frags; f++)
                skb_frag_unref(skb, f);
@@ -1145,7 +1140,11 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif_queue *queue)
                xenvif_fill_frags(queue, skb);

                if (unlikely(skb_has_frag_list(skb))) {
-                       if (xenvif_handle_frag_list(queue, skb)) {
+                       struct sk_buff *nskb = skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list;
+
+                       xenvif_skb_zerocopy_prepare(queue, nskb);
+
+                       if (xenvif_handle_frag_list(queue, skb, nskb)) {
                                if (net_ratelimit())
                                        netdev_err(queue->vif->dev,
                                                   "Not enough memory to consolidate frag_list!\n");
@@ -1153,6 +1152,10 @@ static int xenvif_tx_submit(struct xenvif_queue *queue)
                                kfree_skb(skb);
                                continue;
                        }
+
+                       /* Copied all the bits from the frag list. */
+                       skb_frag_list_init(skb);
+                       kfree(nskb);
                }

                skb->dev      = queue->vif->dev;
---8<---

What do you think?

  Paul

> --
> 2.7.4

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