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Date:   Thu, 28 Feb 2019 15:17:19 +0530
From:   Gautham R Shenoy <ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
To:     Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@...ux.ibm.com>
Cc:     linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        Gautham R Shenoy <ego@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Michael Bringmann <mwb@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Tyrel Datwyler <tyreld@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>,
        Vaidyanathan Srinivasan <svaidy@...ux.vnet.ibm.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] powerpc/pseries: Only wait for dying CPU after call
 to rtas_stop_self()

Hello Thiago,

On Fri, Feb 22, 2019 at 07:57:52PM -0300, Thiago Jung Bauermann wrote:
> When testing DLPAR CPU add/remove on a system under stress,
> pseries_cpu_die() doesn't wait long enough for a CPU to die:
> 
> [  446.983944] cpu 148 (hwid 148) Ready to die...
> [  446.984062] cpu 149 (hwid 149) Ready to die...
> [  446.993518] cpu 150 (hwid 150) Ready to die...
> [  446.993543] Querying DEAD? cpu 150 (150) shows 2
> [  446.994098] cpu 151 (hwid 151) Ready to die...
> [  447.133726] cpu 136 (hwid 136) Ready to die...
> [  447.403532] cpu 137 (hwid 137) Ready to die...
> [  447.403772] cpu 138 (hwid 138) Ready to die...
> [  447.403839] cpu 139 (hwid 139) Ready to die...
> [  447.403887] cpu 140 (hwid 140) Ready to die...
> [  447.403937] cpu 141 (hwid 141) Ready to die...
> [  447.403979] cpu 142 (hwid 142) Ready to die...
> [  447.404038] cpu 143 (hwid 143) Ready to die...
> [  447.513546] cpu 128 (hwid 128) Ready to die...
> [  447.693533] cpu 129 (hwid 129) Ready to die...
> [  447.693999] cpu 130 (hwid 130) Ready to die...
> [  447.703530] cpu 131 (hwid 131) Ready to die...
> [  447.704087] Querying DEAD? cpu 132 (132) shows 2
> [  447.704102] cpu 132 (hwid 132) Ready to die...
> [  447.713534] cpu 133 (hwid 133) Ready to die...
> [  447.714064] Querying DEAD? cpu 134 (134) shows 2
> 
> This is a race between one CPU stopping and another one calling
> pseries_cpu_die() to wait for it to stop. That function does a short busy
> loop calling RTAS query-cpu-stopped-state on the stopping CPU to verify
> that it is stopped, but I think there's a lot for the stopping CPU to do
> which may take longer than this loop allows.
> 
> As can be seen in the dmesg right before or after the "Querying DEAD?"
> messages, if pseries_cpu_die() waited a little longer it would have seen
> the CPU in the stopped state.

> 
> I see two cases that can be causing this race:
> 
> 1. It's possible that CPU 134 was inactive at the time it was unplugged. In
>    that case, dlpar_offline_cpu() calls H_PROD on that CPU and immediately
>    calls pseries_cpu_die(). Meanwhile, the prodded CPU activates and start
>    the process of stopping itself. It's possible that the busy loop is not
>    long enough to allow for the CPU to wake up and complete the stopping
>    process.

The problem is a bit more severe since, after printing "Querying
DEAD?" for CPU X, this CPU can prod another offline CPU Y on the same
core which, on waking up, will call rtas_stop_self. Thus we can have two
concurrent calls to rtas-stop-self, which is prohibited by the PAPR.


> 
> 2. If CPU 134 was online at the time it was unplugged, it would have gone
>    through the new CPU hotplug state machine in kernel/cpu.c that was
>    introduced in v4.6 to get itself stopped. It's possible that the busy
>    loop in pseries_cpu_die() was long enough for the older hotplug code but
>    not for the new hotplug state machine.

I haven't been able to observe the "Querying DEAD?" messages for the
online CPU which was being offlined and dlpar'ed out.

> 
> I don't know if this race condition has any ill effects, but we can make
> the race a lot more even if we only start querying if the CPU is stopped
> when the stopping CPU is close to call rtas_stop_self().
> 
> Since pseries_mach_cpu_die() sets the CPU current state to offline almost
> immediately before calling rtas_stop_self(), we use that as a signal that
> it is either already stopped or very close to that point, and we can start
> the busy loop.
> 
> As suggested by Michael Ellerman, this patch also changes the busy loop to
> wait for a fixed amount of wall time.
> 
> Signed-off-by: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@...ux.ibm.com>
> ---
>  arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c | 10 +++++++++-
>  1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> I tried to estimate good amounts for the timeout and loop delays, but
> I'm not sure how reasonable my numbers are. The busy loops will wait for
> 100 ┬Ás between each try, and spin_event_timeout() will timeout after
> 100 ms. I'll be happy to change these values if you have better
> suggestions.

Based on the measurements that I did on a POWER9 system, in successful
cases of smp_query_cpu_stopped(cpu) returning affirmative, the maximum
time spent inside the loop was was 10ms.


> Gautham was able to test this patch and it solved the race condition.
> 
> v1 was a cruder patch which just increased the number of loops:
> https://lists.ozlabs.org/pipermail/linuxppc-dev/2017-February/153734.html
> 
> v1 also mentioned a kernel crash but Gautham narrowed it down to a bug
> in RTAS, which is in the process of being fixed.
> 
> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
> index 97feb6e79f1a..424146cc752e 100644
> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/hotplug-cpu.c
> @@ -214,13 +214,21 @@ static void pseries_cpu_die(unsigned int cpu)
>  			msleep(1);
>  		}
>  	} else if (get_preferred_offline_state(cpu) == CPU_STATE_OFFLINE) {
> +		/*
> +		 * If the current state is not offline yet, it means that the
> +		 * dying CPU (which is in pseries_mach_cpu_die) didn't have a
> +		 * chance to call rtas_stop_self yet and therefore it's too
> +		 * early to query if the CPU is stopped.
> +		 */
> +		spin_event_timeout(get_cpu_current_state(cpu) == CPU_STATE_OFFLINE,
> +				   100000, 100);
> 
>  		for (tries = 0; tries < 25; tries++) {

Can we bumped up the tries to 100, so that we wait for 10ms before
printing the warning message ?

>  			cpu_status = smp_query_cpu_stopped(pcpu);
>  			if (cpu_status == QCSS_STOPPED ||
>  			    cpu_status == QCSS_HARDWARE_ERROR)
>  				break;
> -			cpu_relax();
> +			udelay(100);
>  		}
>  	}
> 

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