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Date:   Mon, 4 Mar 2019 12:21:30 +0100
From:   Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@...tlin.com>
To:     Schrempf Frieder <frieder.schrempf@...tron.de>
Cc:     "bbrezillon@...nel.org" <bbrezillon@...nel.org>,
        "richard@....at" <richard@....at>,
        "linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org" <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "linux-mtd@...ts.infradead.org" <linux-mtd@...ts.infradead.org>,
        David Woodhouse <dwmw2@...radead.org>,
        Brian Norris <computersforpeace@...il.com>,
        Marek Vasut <marek.vasut@...il.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v4 5/7] mtd: rawnand: Support bad block markers in
 first, second or last page

Hi Schrempf,

Schrempf Frieder <frieder.schrempf@...tron.de> wrote on Mon, 18 Feb
2019 10:42:45 +0000:

> From: Frieder Schrempf <frieder.schrempf@...tron.de>
> 
> Currently supported bad block marker positions within the block are:
> * in first page only
> * in last page only
> * in first or second page
> 
> Some ESMT NANDs are known to have been shipped by the manufacturer
> with bad block markers in the first or last page, instead of the
> first or second page.
> 
> Also the datasheets for Cypress/Spansion/AMD NANDs claim that the
> first, second *and* last page needs to be checked.
> 
> Therefore we make it possible to set NAND_BBM_FIRSTPAGE,
> NAND_BBM_SECONDPAGE and NAND_BBM_LASTPAGE independently in any
> combination.
> 
> To simplify the code, the logic to evaluate the flags is moved to a
> a new function nand_bbm_get_next_page().
> 
> Signed-off-by: Frieder Schrempf <frieder.schrempf@...tron.de>
> Reviewed-by: Boris Brezillon <bbrezillon@...nel.org>
> ---
>  drivers/mtd/nand/raw/internals.h |  1 +
>  drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_base.c | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
>  drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_bbt.c  | 29 +++++++---------
>  3 files changed, 55 insertions(+), 37 deletions(-)
> 
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/internals.h b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/internals.h
> index fbf6ca015cd7..97ae67e009d5 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/internals.h
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/internals.h
> @@ -76,6 +76,7 @@ extern const struct nand_manufacturer_ops toshiba_nand_manuf_ops;
>  
>  /* Core functions */
>  const struct nand_manufacturer *nand_get_manufacturer(u8 id);
> +int nand_bbm_get_next_page(struct nand_chip *chip, int page);
>  int nand_markbad_bbm(struct nand_chip *chip, loff_t ofs);
>  int nand_erase_nand(struct nand_chip *chip, struct erase_info *instr,
>  		    int allowbbt);
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_base.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_base.c
> index 9ef7b86cdc42..7bc20c1fe23c 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_base.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_base.c
> @@ -285,6 +285,31 @@ static void nand_release_device(struct nand_chip *chip)
>  	spin_unlock(&chip->controller->lock);
>  }
>  
> +/**
> + * nand_bbm_get_next_page - Get the next page for bad block markers
> + * @chip: NAND chip object
> + * @index: Current page, only pages beyond this will be considered

Why pages *beyond*? Can't you change the logic to use the page from
where to start searching? I am not sure such a change would be
clearer in the rest of the code but I don't like the tests against
"-1". Maybe you could just check negative values instead.

> + *
> + * Returns an integer that corresponds to the page offset within a block, for
> + * a page that is used to store bad block markers. If no more pages are
> + * available, -1 is returned.
> + */
> +int nand_bbm_get_next_page(struct nand_chip *chip, int page)
> +{
> +	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
> +	int last_page = ((mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize) >>
> +			 chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;
> +
> +	if (page < 0 && chip->options & NAND_BBM_FIRSTPAGE)
> +		return 0;
> +	else if (page < 1 && chip->options & NAND_BBM_SECONDPAGE)
> +		return 1;
> +	else if (page < last_page && chip->options & NAND_BBM_LASTPAGE)
> +		return last_page;
> +
> +	return -1;

I would prefer a named value (like -EINVAL) and checks against a
negative value (not -1).

> +}
> +
>  /**
>   * nand_block_bad - [DEFAULT] Read bad block marker from the chip
>   * @chip: NAND chip object
> @@ -294,19 +319,14 @@ static void nand_release_device(struct nand_chip *chip)
>   */
>  static int nand_block_bad(struct nand_chip *chip, loff_t ofs)
>  {
> -	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
> -	int page, page_end, res;
> +	int page_offset;
> +	int res, first_page = (int)(ofs >> chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;

Maybe:

        int first_page, page_offset;
        int res;
        u8 bad;

        first_page = (int)(ofs >> chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;
        page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(chip, -1);

>  	u8 bad;
>  
> -	if (chip->options & NAND_BBM_LASTPAGE)
> -		ofs += mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize;
> +	page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(chip, -1);
>  
> -	page = (int)(ofs >> chip->page_shift) & chip->pagemask;
> -	page_end = page + (((chip->options & NAND_BBM_FIRSTPAGE) &&
> -			    (chip->options & NAND_BBM_SECONDPAGE)) ? 2 : 1);
> -
> -	for (; page < page_end; page++) {
> -		res = chip->ecc.read_oob(chip, page);
> +	while (page_offset != -1) {
> +		res = chip->ecc.read_oob(chip, first_page + page_offset);
>  		if (res < 0)
>  			return res;
>  
> @@ -318,6 +338,8 @@ static int nand_block_bad(struct nand_chip *chip, loff_t ofs)
>  			res = hweight8(bad) < chip->badblockbits;
>  		if (res)
>  			return res;
> +
> +		page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(chip, page_offset);
>  	}
>  
>  	return 0;
> @@ -528,7 +550,7 @@ static int nand_default_block_markbad(struct nand_chip *chip, loff_t ofs)
>  	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(chip);
>  	struct mtd_oob_ops ops;
>  	uint8_t buf[2] = { 0, 0 };
> -	int ret = 0, res, i = 0;
> +	int ret = 0, res, page_offset;
>  
>  	memset(&ops, 0, sizeof(ops));
>  	ops.oobbuf = buf;
> @@ -541,18 +563,18 @@ static int nand_default_block_markbad(struct nand_chip *chip, loff_t ofs)
>  	}
>  	ops.mode = MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB;
>  
> -	/* Write to first/last page(s) if necessary */
> -	if (chip->options & NAND_BBM_LASTPAGE)
> -		ofs += mtd->erasesize - mtd->writesize;
> -	do {
> -		res = nand_do_write_oob(chip, ofs, &ops);
> +	page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(chip, -1);
> +
> +	while (page_offset != -1) {
> +		res = nand_do_write_oob(chip,
> +					ofs + page_offset * mtd->writesize,
> +					&ops);
> +
>  		if (!ret)
>  			ret = res;
>  
> -		i++;
> -		ofs += mtd->writesize;
> -	} while ((chip->options & NAND_BBM_FIRSTPAGE) &&
> -		 (chip->options & NAND_BBM_SECONDPAGE) && i < 2);
> +		page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(chip, page_offset);
> +	}
>  
>  	return ret;
>  }
> diff --git a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_bbt.c b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_bbt.c
> index 7463afddc7ac..09603c502931 100644
> --- a/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_bbt.c
> +++ b/drivers/mtd/nand/raw/nand_bbt.c
> @@ -415,11 +415,12 @@ static void read_abs_bbts(struct nand_chip *this, uint8_t *buf,
>  
>  /* Scan a given block partially */
>  static int scan_block_fast(struct nand_chip *this, struct nand_bbt_descr *bd,
> -			   loff_t offs, uint8_t *buf, int numpages)
> +			   loff_t offs, uint8_t *buf)
>  {
>  	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(this);
> +
>  	struct mtd_oob_ops ops;
> -	int j, ret;
> +	int ret, page_offset;
>  
>  	ops.ooblen = mtd->oobsize;
>  	ops.oobbuf = buf;
> @@ -427,12 +428,15 @@ static int scan_block_fast(struct nand_chip *this, struct nand_bbt_descr *bd,
>  	ops.datbuf = NULL;
>  	ops.mode = MTD_OPS_PLACE_OOB;
>  
> -	for (j = 0; j < numpages; j++) {
> +	page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(this, -1);
> +
> +	while (page_offset != -1) {
>  		/*
>  		 * Read the full oob until read_oob is fixed to handle single
>  		 * byte reads for 16 bit buswidth.
>  		 */
> -		ret = mtd_read_oob(mtd, offs, &ops);
> +		ret = mtd_read_oob(mtd, offs + page_offset * mtd->writesize,

Can you add '(' & ')' please?

> +				   &ops);
>  		/* Ignore ECC errors when checking for BBM */
>  		if (ret && !mtd_is_bitflip_or_eccerr(ret))
>  			return ret;
> @@ -440,8 +444,9 @@ static int scan_block_fast(struct nand_chip *this, struct nand_bbt_descr *bd,
>  		if (check_short_pattern(buf, bd))
>  			return 1;
>  
> -		offs += mtd->writesize;
> +		page_offset = nand_bbm_get_next_page(this, page_offset);
>  	}
> +
>  	return 0;
>  }
>  
> @@ -460,18 +465,11 @@ static int create_bbt(struct nand_chip *this, uint8_t *buf,
>  		      struct nand_bbt_descr *bd, int chip)
>  {
>  	struct mtd_info *mtd = nand_to_mtd(this);
> -	int i, numblocks, numpages;
> -	int startblock;
> +	int i, numblocks, startblock;
>  	loff_t from;
>  
>  	pr_info("Scanning device for bad blocks\n");
>  
> -	if ((this->options & NAND_BBM_FIRSTPAGE) &&
> -	    (this->options & NAND_BBM_SECONDPAGE))
> -		numpages = 2;
> -	else
> -		numpages = 1;
> -
>  	if (chip == -1) {
>  		numblocks = mtd->size >> this->bbt_erase_shift;
>  		startblock = 0;
> @@ -488,15 +486,12 @@ static int create_bbt(struct nand_chip *this, uint8_t *buf,
>  		from = (loff_t)startblock << this->bbt_erase_shift;
>  	}
>  
> -	if (this->options & NAND_BBM_LASTPAGE)
> -		from += mtd->erasesize - (mtd->writesize * numpages);
> -
>  	for (i = startblock; i < numblocks; i++) {
>  		int ret;
>  
>  		BUG_ON(bd->options & NAND_BBT_NO_OOB);
>  
> -		ret = scan_block_fast(this, bd, from, buf, numpages);
> +		ret = scan_block_fast(this, bd, from, buf);
>  		if (ret < 0)
>  			return ret;
>  




Thanks,
Miquèl

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