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Date:   Mon,  4 Mar 2019 09:50:16 -0800
From:   Nick Desaulniers <>
        Nick Desaulniers <>,
        Thomas Gleixner <>,
        Ingo Molnar <>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <>,,
Subject: [PATCH v2] x86/boot: clean up headers

The inclusion of <linux/kernel.h> was causing issue as the definition of
__arch_hweight64 from arch/x86/include/asm/arch_hweight.h eventually gets
included. The definition is problematic when compiled with -m16 (all code
in arch/x86/boot/ is) as the "D" inline assembly constraint is rejected
by both compilers when passed an argument of type long long (regardless
of signedness, anything smaller is fine).

Because GCC performs inlining before semantic analysis, and
__arch_hweight64 is dead in this translation unit, GCC does not report
any issues at compile time.  Clang does the semantic analysis in the
front end, before inlining (run in the middle) can determine the code is
dead. I consider this another case of PR33587, which I think we can do
more work to solve.

It turns out that arch/x86/boot/string.c doesn't actually need
linux/kernel.h, simply linux/limits.h and linux/compiler.h. Include them,
and sort the headers alphabetically.

Reviewed-by: Nathan Chancellor <>
Tested-by: Nathan Chancellor <>
Suggested-by: Stephen Rothwell <>
Signed-off-by: Nick Desaulniers <>
Changes V1 -> V2:
* Add Reviewed, Tested, Suggested tags.
* Drop linux/types.h; it's included in linux/limits.h.

My original intention was to unsort the headers (sorted in V1), but if
we drop the out of place linux/types.h, then we can insert the two more
specific headers in alphabetic order.

 arch/x86/boot/string.c | 4 ++--
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/string.c b/arch/x86/boot/string.c
index 315a67b8896b..597589cafb45 100644
--- a/arch/x86/boot/string.c
+++ b/arch/x86/boot/string.c
@@ -12,9 +12,9 @@
  * Very basic string functions
-#include <linux/types.h>
-#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/compiler.h>
 #include <linux/errno.h>
+#include <linux/limits.h>
 #include <asm/asm.h>
 #include "ctype.h"
 #include "string.h"

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