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Date:   Mon, 15 Apr 2019 10:11:57 +0200
From:   Paolo Bonzini <>
To:     David Laight <David.Laight@...LAB.COM>,
        Sean Christopherson <>
Cc:     "" <>,
        "" <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] KVM: x86: optimize check for valid PAT value

On 11/04/19 11:06, David Laight wrote:
> It may be possible to generate shorter code that executes just as
> fast by generating a single constant and deriving the others from it.
> - generate 4s - needed first
> - shift right 2 to get 1s (in parallel with the xor)
> - use lea to get 6s (in parallel with an lea to do the add)
> - invert the 1s to get FEs (also in parallel with the add)
> - xor the FEs with the 6s to get F8s (in parallel with the or)
> - and/test for the result

FWIW, here is yet another way to do it:

/* Change 6/7 to 4/5 */
data &= ~((data & 0x0404040404040404ULL) >> 1);
/* Only allow 0/1/4/5 now */
return !(data & 0xFAFAFAFAFAFAFAFAULL);

movabs $0x404040404040404, %rcx
andq   %rdx, %rcx
shrq   %rcx
notq   %rcx
movabs $0xFAFAFAFAFAFAFA, %rax
andq   %rcx, %rdx
test   %rax, %rdx


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