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Date:   Tue, 07 May 2019 21:56:02 -0400
From:   Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>
To:     linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Cc:     Linus Torvalds <torvalds@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...nel.org>,
        Andrew Morton <akpm@...ux-foundation.org>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>,
        Nicolai Stange <nstange@...e.de>,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        "the arch/x86 maintainers" <x86@...nel.org>,
        Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>,
        Jiri Kosina <jikos@...nel.org>,
        Miroslav Benes <mbenes@...e.cz>,
        Petr Mladek <pmladek@...e.com>,
        Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@...hat.com>,
        Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>,
        Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@...ux.intel.com>,
        Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@...utronix.de>,
        Mimi Zohar <zohar@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>,
        Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>,
        Nayna Jain <nayna@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>,
        Joerg Roedel <jroedel@...e.de>,
        "open list:KERNEL SELFTEST FRAMEWORK" 
        <linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org>, stable <stable@...r.kernel.org>,
        Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@...nel.org>
Subject: [PATCH 3/3] ftrace/x86_64: Emulate call function while updating in breakpoint
 handler

From: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>

Nicolai Stange discovered[1] that if live kernel patching is enabled, and the
function tracer started tracing the same function that was patched, the
conversion of the fentry call site during the translation of going from
calling the live kernel patch trampoline to the iterator trampoline, would
have as slight window where it didn't call anything.

As live kernel patching depends on ftrace to always call its code (to
prevent the function being traced from being called, as it will redirect
it). This small window would allow the old buggy function to be called, and
this can cause undesirable results.

Nicolai submitted new patches[2] but these were controversial. As this is
similar to the static call emulation issues that came up a while ago[3].
But after some debate[4][5] adding a gap in the stack when entering the
breakpoint handler allows for pushing the return address onto the stack to
easily emulate a call.

[1] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20180726104029.7736-1-nstange@suse.de
[2] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190427100639.15074-1-nstange@suse.de
[3] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/3cf04e113d71c9f8e4be95fb84a510f085aa4afa.1541711457.git.jpoimboe@redhat.com
[4] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CAHk-=wh5OpheSU8Em_Q3Hg8qw_JtoijxOdPtHru6d+5K8TWM=A@mail.gmail.com
[5] http://lkml.kernel.org/r/CAHk-=wjvQxY4DvPrJ6haPgAa6b906h=MwZXO6G8OtiTGe=N7_w@mail.gmail.com

[
  Live kernel patching is not implemented on x86_32, thus the emulate
  calls are only for x86_64.
]

Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@...nel.org>
Cc: Nicolai Stange <nstange@...e.de>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>
Cc: the arch/x86 maintainers <x86@...nel.org>
Cc: Josh Poimboeuf <jpoimboe@...hat.com>
Cc: Jiri Kosina <jikos@...nel.org>
Cc: Miroslav Benes <mbenes@...e.cz>
Cc: Petr Mladek <pmladek@...e.com>
Cc: Joe Lawrence <joe.lawrence@...hat.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>
Cc: Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk <konrad.wilk@...cle.com>
Cc: Tim Chen <tim.c.chen@...ux.intel.com>
Cc: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@...utronix.de>
Cc: Mimi Zohar <zohar@...ux.ibm.com>
Cc: Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>
Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
Cc: Nayna Jain <nayna@...ux.ibm.com>
Cc: Masahiro Yamada <yamada.masahiro@...ionext.com>
Cc: Joerg Roedel <jroedel@...e.de>
Cc: "open list:KERNEL SELFTEST FRAMEWORK" <linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org>
Cc: stable@...r.kernel.org
Fixes: b700e7f03df5 ("livepatch: kernel: add support for live patching")
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@...radead.org>
[ Changed to only implement emulated calls for x86_64 ]
Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@...dmis.org>
---
 arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c | 32 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++-----
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
index ef49517f6bb2..bd553b3af22e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ftrace.c
@@ -29,6 +29,7 @@
 #include <asm/kprobes.h>
 #include <asm/ftrace.h>
 #include <asm/nops.h>
+#include <asm/text-patching.h>
 
 #ifdef CONFIG_DYNAMIC_FTRACE
 
@@ -231,6 +232,7 @@ int ftrace_modify_call(struct dyn_ftrace *rec, unsigned long old_addr,
 }
 
 static unsigned long ftrace_update_func;
+static unsigned long ftrace_update_func_call;
 
 static int update_ftrace_func(unsigned long ip, void *new)
 {
@@ -259,6 +261,8 @@ int ftrace_update_ftrace_func(ftrace_func_t func)
 	unsigned char *new;
 	int ret;
 
+	ftrace_update_func_call = (unsigned long)func;
+
 	new = ftrace_call_replace(ip, (unsigned long)func);
 	ret = update_ftrace_func(ip, new);
 
@@ -294,13 +298,28 @@ int ftrace_int3_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
 	if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!regs))
 		return 0;
 
-	ip = regs->ip - 1;
-	if (!ftrace_location(ip) && !is_ftrace_caller(ip))
-		return 0;
+	ip = regs->ip - INT3_INSN_SIZE;
 
-	regs->ip += MCOUNT_INSN_SIZE - 1;
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+	if (ftrace_location(ip)) {
+		int3_emulate_call(regs, (unsigned long)ftrace_regs_caller);
+		return 1;
+	} else if (is_ftrace_caller(ip)) {
+		if (!ftrace_update_func_call) {
+			int3_emulate_jmp(regs, ip + CALL_INSN_SIZE);
+			return 1;
+		}
+		int3_emulate_call(regs, ftrace_update_func_call);
+		return 1;
+	}
+#else
+	if (ftrace_location(ip) || is_ftrace_caller(ip)) {
+		int3_emulate_jmp(regs, ip + CALL_INSN_SIZE);
+		return 1;
+	}
+#endif
 
-	return 1;
+	return 0;
 }
 NOKPROBE_SYMBOL(ftrace_int3_handler);
 
@@ -859,6 +878,8 @@ void arch_ftrace_update_trampoline(struct ftrace_ops *ops)
 
 	func = ftrace_ops_get_func(ops);
 
+	ftrace_update_func_call = (unsigned long)func;
+
 	/* Do a safe modify in case the trampoline is executing */
 	new = ftrace_call_replace(ip, (unsigned long)func);
 	ret = update_ftrace_func(ip, new);
@@ -960,6 +981,7 @@ static int ftrace_mod_jmp(unsigned long ip, void *func)
 {
 	unsigned char *new;
 
+	ftrace_update_func_call = 0UL;
 	new = ftrace_jmp_replace(ip, (unsigned long)func);
 
 	return update_ftrace_func(ip, new);
-- 
2.20.1


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