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Date:   Thu, 30 May 2019 21:30:33 +0100
From:   Jiong Wang <jiong.wang@...ronome.com>
To:     Luke Nelson <luke.r.nels@...il.com>
Cc:     Xi Wang <xi.wang@...il.com>,
        Björn Töpel <bjorn.topel@...il.com>,
        Palmer Dabbelt <palmer@...ive.com>,
        Albert Ou <aou@...s.berkeley.edu>,
        Alexei Starovoitov <ast@...nel.org>,
        Daniel Borkmann <daniel@...earbox.net>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <kafai@...com>,
        Song Liu <songliubraving@...com>, Yonghong Song <yhs@...com>,
        netdev@...r.kernel.org, linux-riscv@...ts.infradead.org,
        bpf@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/2] bpf: test_bpf: add tests for upper bits of 32-bit operations


Luke Nelson writes:

> This commit introduces tests that validate the upper 32 bits
> of the result of 32-bit BPF ALU operations.
>
> The existing tests for 32-bit operations do not check the upper 32
> bits of results because the exit instruction truncates the result.
> These tests perform a 32-bit ALU operation followed by a right shift.
> These tests can catch subtle bugs in the extension behavior of JITed
> instructions, including several bugs in the RISC-V BPF JIT, fixed in
> another patch.

Hi Luke,

  Have you seen the following?

    https://www.spinics.net/lists/netdev/msg573355.html

  it has been merged to bpf tree and should have full test coverage of all
  bpf insns that could write to sub-register and are exposed to JIT
  back-end.

  And AFAIK, we add new unit tests to test_verifier which is a userspace
  test infrastructure which offers more test functionality plus tests will
  go through verifier.

Regards,
Jiong

> The added tests pass the JIT and interpreter on x86, as well as the
> JIT and interpreter of RISC-V once the zero extension bugs were fixed.
>
> Cc: Xi Wang <xi.wang@...il.com>
> Signed-off-by: Luke Nelson <luke.r.nels@...il.com>
> ---
>  lib/test_bpf.c | 164 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  1 file changed, 164 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/lib/test_bpf.c b/lib/test_bpf.c
> index 0845f635f404..4580dc0220f1 100644
> --- a/lib/test_bpf.c
> +++ b/lib/test_bpf.c
> @@ -2461,6 +2461,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 1 } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_ADD_X: (1 + 4294967294) >> 32 + 4294967294 = 4294967294",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 1U),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, R1, 4294967294U),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_ADD, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_ADD, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 4294967294U } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_ADD_X: 1 + 2 = 3",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -2812,6 +2826,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 1 } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_SUB_X: (4294967295 - 1) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 4294967295U),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, R1, 1U),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_SUB, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_ADD, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_SUB_X: 3 - 1 = 2",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3391,6 +3419,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 0xffffffff } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_AND_X: (-1 & -1) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, -1UL),
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R1, -1UL),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_AND, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1U),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_AND_X: 3 & 2 = 2",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3533,6 +3575,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 0xffffffff } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_OR_X: (0 & -1) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 0),
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R1, -1UL),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_OR, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1U),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_OR_X: 1 | 2 = 3",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3675,6 +3731,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 0xfffffffe } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_XOR_X: (0 ^ -1) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 0),
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R1, -1UL),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_XOR, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1U),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_XOR_X: 5 ^ 6 = 3",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3817,6 +3887,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 0x80000000 } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_LSH_X: (1 << 31) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 1),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, R1, 31),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_LSH, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_LSH_X: 1 << 1 = 2",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3842,6 +3926,19 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ { 0, 0x80000000 } },
>  	},
>  	/* BPF_ALU | BPF_LSH | BPF_K */
> +	{
> +		"ALU_LSH_K: (1 << 31) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 1),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_LSH, R0, 31),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU_LSH_K: 1 << 1 = 2",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3911,6 +4008,20 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 1 } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_RSH_X: (0x80000000 >> 0) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 0x80000000),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, R1, 0),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_RSH, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_RSH_X: 2 >> 1 = 1",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3936,6 +4047,19 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ { 0, 1 } },
>  	},
>  	/* BPF_ALU | BPF_RSH | BPF_K */
> +	{
> +		"ALU_RSH_K: (0x80000000 >> 0) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 0x80000000),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 0),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU_RSH_K: 2 >> 1 = 1",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -3993,7 +4117,34 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 0xffff00ff } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_ARSH_X: (0x80000000 >> 0) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 0x80000000),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, R1, 0),
> +			BPF_ALU32_REG(BPF_ARSH, R0, R1),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	/* BPF_ALU | BPF_ARSH | BPF_K */
> +	{
> +		"ALU_ARSH_K: (0x80000000 >> 0) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_LD_IMM64(R0, 0x80000000),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ARSH, R0, 0),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU_ARSH_K: 0xff00ff0000000000 >> 40 = 0xffffffffffff00ff",
>  		.u.insns_int = {
> @@ -4028,6 +4179,19 @@ static struct bpf_test tests[] = {
>  		{ },
>  		{ { 0, 3 } },
>  	},
> +	{
> +		"ALU_NEG: -(1) >> 32 + 1 = 1",
> +		.u.insns_int = {
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_MOV, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_ALU32_IMM(BPF_NEG, R0, 0),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_RSH, R0, 32),
> +			BPF_ALU64_IMM(BPF_ADD, R0, 1),
> +			BPF_EXIT_INSN(),
> +		},
> +		INTERNAL,
> +		{ },
> +		{ { 0, 1 } },
> +	},
>  	{
>  		"ALU64_NEG: -(3) = -3",
>  		.u.insns_int = {

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