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Date:   Tue, 28 Apr 2020 19:53:55 +0900
From:   Masahiro Yamada <>
To:     Alexei Starovoitov <>, bpf <>
Cc:     Networking <>,
        Daniel Borkmann <>,
        Martin KaFai Lau <>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <>
Subject: BPFilter: bit size mismatch between bpfiter_umh and vmliux


I have a question about potential bit size
mismatch between vmlinux and bpfilter_umh.

net/bpfilter/bpfilter_umh is compiled for the
default machine bit of the compiler.
This may not match to the kernel bit size.

This happens in the following scenario.

GCC can be compiled as bi-arch.
If you use GCC that defaults to 64-bit,
you can give -m32 flag to produce the 32 bit code.

When you build the kernel for 32-bit, -m32 is
properly passed for building the kernel space objects.
However, it is missing while building the userspace
objects for bpfilter_umh.

For example, my build host is x86_64 Ubuntu.

If I build the kernel for i386
the embedded bpfilter_umh is 64bit ELF.

You can reproduce it by the following command on the
mainline kernel.$ make ARCH=i386 defconfig$ scripts/config -e BPFILTER$ scripts/config -e BPFILTER_UMH$ make $(nproc) ARCH=i386
   ...$ file vmlinux
vmlinux: ELF 32-bit LSB executable, Intel 80386, version 1 (SYSV),
statically linked,
BuildID[sha1]=7ac691c67b4fe9b0cd46b45a2dc2d728d7d87686, not stripped$ file net/bpfilter/bpfilter_umh
net/bpfilter/bpfilter_umh: ELF 64-bit LSB executable, x86-64, version
1 (GNU/Linux), statically linked,
BuildID[sha1]=baf1ffe26f4c030a99a945fc22924c8c559e60ac, for GNU/Linux
3.2.0, not stripped

At least, the build was successful,
but does this work at runtime?

If this is a bug, I can fix it cleanly.

I think the bit size of the user mode helper
should match to the kernel bit size. Is this correct?

I noticed this while I was working on userspace
build cleanups.

Best Regards
Masahiro Yamada

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