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Date:   Tue, 5 May 2020 17:57:02 -0700
From:   Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
To:     "Jason A. Donenfeld" <Jason@...c4.com>
Cc:     LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        George Burgess <gbiv@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] security: disable FORTIFY_SOURCE on clang

On Tue, May 5, 2020 at 5:15 PM Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@...c4.com> wrote:
>
> clang-10 has a broken optimization stage that doesn't allow the
> compiler to prove at compile time that certain memcpys are within
> bounds, and thus the outline memcpy is always called, resulting in
> horrific performance, and in some cases, excessive stack frame growth.
> Here's a simple reproducer:
>
>     typedef unsigned long size_t;
>     void *c(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n) __asm__("memcpy");
>     extern inline __attribute__((gnu_inline)) void *memcpy(void *dest, const void *src, size_t n) { return c(dest, src, n); }
>     void blah(char *a)
>     {
>       unsigned long long b[10], c[10];
>       int i;
>
>       memcpy(b, a, sizeof(b));
>       for (i = 0; i < 10; ++i)
>         c[i] = b[i] ^ b[9 - i];
>       for (i = 0; i < 10; ++i)
>         b[i] = c[i] ^ a[i];
>       memcpy(a, b, sizeof(b));
>     }
>
> Compile this with clang-9 and clang-10 and observe:
>
> zx2c4@...nkpad /tmp/curve25519-hacl64-stack-frame-size-test $ clang-10 -Wframe-larger-than=0 -O3 -c b.c -o c10.o
> b.c:5:6: warning: stack frame size of 104 bytes in function 'blah' [-Wframe-larger-than=]
> void blah(char *a)
>      ^
> 1 warning generated.
> zx2c4@...nkpad /tmp/curve25519-hacl64-stack-frame-size-test $ clang-9 -Wframe-larger-than=0 -O3 -c b.c -o c9.o
>
> Looking at the disassembly of c10.o and c9.o, one can see that c9.o is
> properly optimized in the obvious way one would expect, while c10.o has
> blown up and includes extern calls to memcpy.
>
> But actually, for versions of clang earlier than 10, fortify source
> mostly does nothing. So, between being broken and doing nothing, it
> probably doesn't make sense to pretend to offer this option. So, this
> commit just disables it entirely when compiling with clang.
>
> Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>
> Cc: LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
> Cc: clang-built-linux <clang-built-linux@...glegroups.com>
> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
> Cc: George Burgess <gbiv@...gle.com>
> Cc: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>
> Link: https://bugs.llvm.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45802
> Signed-off-by: Jason A. Donenfeld <Jason@...c4.com>

Acked-by: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@...gle.com>

> ---
>  security/Kconfig | 1 +
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
>
> diff --git a/security/Kconfig b/security/Kconfig
> index cd3cc7da3a55..76bcfb3eb16f 100644
> --- a/security/Kconfig
> +++ b/security/Kconfig
> @@ -191,6 +191,7 @@ config HARDENED_USERCOPY_PAGESPAN
>  config FORTIFY_SOURCE
>         bool "Harden common str/mem functions against buffer overflows"
>         depends on ARCH_HAS_FORTIFY_SOURCE
> +       depends on !CC_IS_CLANG
>         help
>           Detect overflows of buffers in common string and memory functions
>           where the compiler can determine and validate the buffer sizes.
> --
> 2.26.2
>
> --
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-- 
Thanks,
~Nick Desaulniers

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