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Date:   Thu, 7 May 2020 11:03:35 -0400
From:   Tony Krowiak <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v7 03/15] s390/zcrypt: driver callback to indicate
 resource in use

The review of this series seems to have come to a standstill, so I'm
pinging the list to see if we can't get things going again.

On 4/14/20 8:08 AM, Cornelia Huck wrote:
> The current design for AP pass-through does not support making dynamic
> changes to the AP matrix of a running guest resulting in a few
> deficiencies this patch series is intended to mitigate:
> 1. Adapters, domains and control domains can not be added to or removed
>     from a running guest. In order to modify a guest's AP configuration,
>     the guest must be terminated; only then can AP resources be assigned
>     to or unassigned from the guest's matrix mdev. The new AP
>     configuration becomes available to the guest when it is subsequently
>     restarted.
> 2. The AP bus's /sys/bus/ap/apmask and /sys/bus/ap/aqmask interfaces can
>     be modified by a root user without any restrictions. A change to
>     either mask can result in AP queue devices being unbound from the
>     vfio_ap device driver and bound to a zcrypt device driver even if a
>     guest is using the queues, thus giving the host access to the guest's
>     private crypto data and vice versa.
> 3. The APQNs derived from the Cartesian product of the APIDs of the
>     adapters and APQIs of the domains assigned to a matrix mdev must
>     reference an AP queue device bound to the vfio_ap device driver. The
>     AP architecture allows assignment of AP resources that are not
>     available to the system, so this artificial restriction is not
>     compliant with the architecture.
> 4. The AP configuration profile can be dynamically changed for the linux
>     host after a KVM guest is started. For example, a new domain can be
>     dynamically added to the configuration profile via the SE or an HMC
>     connected to a DPM enabled lpar. Likewise, AP adapters can be
>     dynamically configured (online state) and deconfigured (standby state)
>     using the SE, an SCLP command or an HMC connected to a DPM enabled
>     lpar. This can result in inadvertent sharing of AP queues between the
>     guest and host.
> 5. A root user can manually unbind an AP queue device representing a
>     queue in use by a KVM guest via the vfio_ap device driver's sysfs
>     unbind attribute. In this case, the guest will be using a queue that
>     is not bound to the driver which violates the device model.
> This patch series introduces the following changes to the current design
> to alleviate the shortcomings described above as well as to implement
> more of the AP architecture:
> 1. A root user will be prevented from making changes to the AP bus's
>     /sys/bus/ap/apmask or /sys/bus/ap/aqmask if the ownership of an APQN
>     changes from the vfio_ap device driver to a zcrypt driver when the
>     APQN is assigned to a matrix mdev.
> 2. Allow a root user to hot plug/unplug AP adapters, domains and control
>     domains using the matrix mdev's assign/unassign attributes.
> 4. Allow assignment of an AP adapter or domain to a matrix mdev even if
>     it results in assignment of an APQN that does not reference an AP
>     queue device bound to the vfio_ap device driver, as long as the APQN
>     is not reserved for use by the default zcrypt drivers (also known as
>     over-provisioning of AP resources). Allowing over-provisioning of AP
>     resources better models the architecture which does not preclude
>     assigning AP resources that are not yet available in the system.
> 5. Handle dynamic changes to the AP device model.
> 1. Rationale for changes to AP bus's apmask/aqmask interfaces:
> ----------------------------------------------------------
> Due to the extremely sensitive nature of cryptographic data, it is
> imperative that great care be taken to ensure that such data is secured.
> Allowing a root user, either inadvertently or maliciously, to configure
> these masks such that a queue is shared between the host and a guest is
> not only avoidable, it is advisable. It was suggested that this scenario
> is better handled in user space with management software, but that does
> not preclude a malicious administrator from using the sysfs interfaces
> to gain access to a guest's crypto data. It was also suggested that this
> scenario could be avoided by taking access to the adapter away from the
> guest and zeroing out the queues prior to the vfio_ap driver releasing the
> device; however, stealing an adapter in use from a guest as a by-product
> of an operation is bad and will likely cause problems for the guest
> unnecessarily. It was decided that the most effective solution with the
> least number of negative side effects is to prevent the situation at the
> source.
> 2. Rationale for hot plug/unplug using matrix mdev sysfs interfaces:
> ----------------------------------------------------------------
> Allowing a user to hot plug/unplug AP resources using the matrix mdev
> sysfs interfaces circumvents the need to terminate the guest in order to
> modify its AP configuration. Allowing dynamic configuration makes
> reconfiguring a guest's AP matrix much less disruptive.
> 3. Rationale for allowing over-provisioning of AP resources:
> -----------------------------------------------------------
> Allowing assignment of AP resources to a matrix mdev and ultimately to a
> guest better models the AP architecture. The architecture does not
> preclude assignment of unavailable AP resources. If a queue subsequently
> becomes available while a guest using the matrix mdev to which its APQN
> is assigned, the guest will be given access to it. If an APQN
> is dynamically unassigned from the underlying host system, it will
> automatically become unavailable to the guest.
> Change log v6-v7:
> ----------------
> * Added callbacks to AP bus:
>    - on_config_changed: Notifies implementing drivers that
>      the AP configuration has changed since last AP device scan.
>    - on_scan_complete: Notifies implementing drivers that the device scan
>      has completed.
>    - implemented on_config_changed and on_scan_complete callbacks for
>      vfio_ap device driver.
>    - updated vfio_ap device driver's probe and remove callbacks to handle
>      dynamic changes to the AP device model.
> * Added code to filter APQNs when assigning AP resources to a KVM guest's
>    CRYCB
> Change log v5-v6:
> ----------------
> * Fixed a bug in ap_bus.c introduced with patch 2/7 of the v5
>    series. Harald Freudenberer pointed out that the mutex lock
>    for ap_perms_mutex in the apmask_store and aqmask_store functions
>    was not being freed.
> * Removed patch 6/7 which added logging to the vfio_ap driver
>    to expedite acceptance of this series. The logging will be introduced
>    with a separate patch series to allow more time to explore options
>    such as DBF logging vs. tracepoints.
> * Added 3 patches related to ensuring that APQNs that do not reference
>    AP queue devices bound to the vfio_ap device driver are not assigned
>    to the guest CRYCB:
>    Patch 4: Filter CRYCB bits for unavailable queue devices
>    Patch 5: sysfs attribute to display the guest CRYCB
>    Patch 6: update guest CRYCB in vfio_ap probe and remove callbacks
> * Added a patch (Patch 9) to version the vfio_ap module.
> * Reshuffled patches to allow the in_use callback implementation to
>    invoke the vfio_ap_mdev_verify_no_sharing() function introduced in
>    patch 2.
> Change log v4-v5:
> ----------------
> * Added a patch to provide kernel s390dbf debug logs for VFIO AP
> Change log v3->v4:
> -----------------
> * Restored patches preventing root user from changing ownership of
>    APQNs from zcrypt drivers to the vfio_ap driver if the APQN is
>    assigned to an mdev.
> * No longer enforcing requirement restricting guest access to
>    queues represented by a queue device bound to the vfio_ap
>    device driver.
> * Removed shadow CRYCB and now directly updating the guest CRYCB
>    from the matrix mdev's matrix.
> * Rebased the patch series on top of 'vfio: ap: AP Queue Interrupt
>    Control' patches.
> * Disabled bind/unbind sysfs interfaces for vfio_ap driver
> Change log v2->v3:
> -----------------
> * Allow guest access to an AP queue only if the queue is bound to
>    the vfio_ap device driver.
> * Removed the patch to test CRYCB masks before taking the vCPUs
>    out of SIE. Now checking the shadow CRYCB in the vfio_ap driver.
> Change log v1->v2:
> -----------------
> * Removed patches preventing root user from unbinding AP queues from
>    the vfio_ap device driver
> * Introduced a shadow CRYCB in the vfio_ap driver to manage dynamic
>    changes to the AP guest configuration due to root user interventions
>    or hardware anomalies.
> Harald Freudenberger (1):
>    s390/zcrypt: Notify driver on config changed and scan complete
>      callbacks
> Tony Krowiak (14):
>    s390/vfio-ap: store queue struct in hash table for quick access
>    s390/vfio-ap: manage link between queue struct and matrix mdev
>    s390/zcrypt: driver callback to indicate resource in use
>    s390/vfio-ap: implement in-use callback for vfio_ap driver
>    s390/vfio-ap: introduce shadow CRYCB
>    s390/vfio-ap: sysfs attribute to display the guest CRYCB
>    s390/vfio-ap: filter CRYCB bits for unavailable queue devices
>    s390/vfio_ap: add qlink from ap_matrix_mdev struct to vfio_ap_queue
>      struct
>    s390/vfio-ap: allow assignment of unavailable AP queues to mdev device
>    s390/vfio-ap: allow configuration of matrix mdev in use by a KVM guest
>    s390/vfio-ap: allow hot plug/unplug of AP resources using mdev device
>    s390/vfio-ap: handle host AP config change notification
>    s390/vfio-ap: handle AP bus scan completed notification
>    s390/vfio-ap: handle probe/remove not due to host AP config changes
>   drivers/s390/crypto/ap_bus.c          |  301 ++++++-
>   drivers/s390/crypto/ap_bus.h          |   17 +
>   drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_drv.c     |   35 +-
>   drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c     | 1103 +++++++++++++++++++------
>   drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_private.h |   24 +-
>   5 files changed, 1167 insertions(+), 313 deletions(-)

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