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Date:   Sun, 17 May 2020 22:23:47 +0300
From:   Serge Semin <Sergey.Semin@...kalelectronics.ru>
To:     Vinod Koul <vkoul@...nel.org>
CC:     Serge Semin <fancer.lancer@...il.com>,
        Andy Shevchenko <andy.shevchenko@...il.com>,
        Mark Brown <broonie@...nel.org>,
        Viresh Kumar <vireshk@...nel.org>,
        Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@...el.com>,
        Alexey Malahov <Alexey.Malahov@...kalelectronics.ru>,
        Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@...ha.franken.de>,
        Paul Burton <paulburton@...nel.org>,
        Ralf Baechle <ralf@...ux-mips.org>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Rob Herring <robh+dt@...nel.org>, <linux-mips@...r.kernel.org>,
        devicetree <devicetree@...r.kernel.org>,
        dmaengine <dmaengine@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 4/6] dmaengine: dw: Print warning if multi-block is
 unsupported

On Fri, May 15, 2020 at 12:00:39PM +0530, Vinod Koul wrote:
> Hi Serge,
> 
> On 12-05-20, 15:42, Serge Semin wrote:
> > Vinod,
> > 
> > Could you join the discussion for a little bit?
> > 
> > In order to properly fix the problem discussed in this topic, we need to
> > introduce an additional capability exported by DMA channel handlers on per-channel
> > basis. It must be a number, which would indicate an upper limitation of the SG list
> > entries amount.
> > Something like this would do it:
> > struct dma_slave_caps {
> > ...
> > 	unsigned int max_sg_nents;
> > ...
> 
> Looking at the discussion, I agree we should can this up in the
> interface. The max_dma_len suggests the length of a descriptor allowed,
> it does not convey the sg_nents supported which in the case of nollp is
> one.
> 
> Btw is this is a real hardware issue, I have found that value of such
> hardware is very less and people did fix it up in subsequent revs to add
> llp support.

Yes, it is. My DW DMAC doesn't support LLP and there isn't going to be new SoC
version produced.(

> 
> Also, another question is why this cannot be handled in driver, I agree
> your hardware does not support llp but that does not stop you from
> breaking a multi_sg list into N hardware descriptors and keep submitting
> them (for this to work submission should be done in isr and not in bh,
> unfortunately very few driver take that route).

Current DW DMA driver does that, but this isn't enough. The problem is that
in order to fix the issue in the DMA hardware driver we need to introduce
an inter-dependent channels abstraction and synchronously feed both Tx and
Rx DMA channels with hardware descriptors (LLP entries) one-by-one. This hardly
needed by any slave device driver rather than SPI, which Tx and Rx buffers are
inter-dependent. So Andy's idea was to move the fix to the SPI driver (feed
the DMA engine channels with Tx and Rx data buffers synchronously), but DMA
engine would provide an info whether such fix is required. This can be
determined by the maximum SG entries capability.

(Note max_sg_ents isn't a limitation on the number of SG entries supported by
the DMA driver, but the number of SG entries handled by the DMA engine in a
single DMA transaction.)

> TBH the max_sg_nents or
> max_dma_len are HW restrictions and SW *can* deal with then :-)

Yes, it can, but it only works for the cases when individual DMA channels are
utilized. DMA hardware driver doesn't know that the target and source slave
device buffers (SPI Tx and Rx FIFOs) are inter-dependent, that writing to one
you will implicitly push data to another. So due to the interrupts handling
latency Tx DMA channel is restarted faster than Rx DMA channel is reinitialized.
This causes the SPI Rx FIFO overflow and data loss.

> 
> In an idea world, you should break the sw descriptor submitted into N hw
> descriptors and submit to hardware and let user know when the sw
> descriptor is completed. Of course we do not do that :(

Well, the current Dw DMA driver does that. But due to the two slave device
buffers inter-dependency this isn't enough to perform safe DMA transactions.
Due to the interrupts handling latency Tx DMA channel pushes data to the slave
device buffer faster than Rx DMA channel starts to handle incoming data. This
causes the SPI Rx FIFO overflow.

> 
> > };
> > As Andy suggested it's value should be interpreted as:
> > 0          - unlimited number of entries,
> > 1:MAX_UINT - actual limit to the number of entries.
> 

> Hmm why 0, why not MAX_UINT for unlimited?

0 is much better for many reasons. First of all MAX_UINT is a lot, but it's
still a number. On x64 platform this might be actual limit if for instance
the block-size register is 32-bits wide. Secondly interpreting 0 as unlimited
number of entries would be more suitable since most of the drivers support
LLP functionality and we wouldn't need to update their code to set MAX_UINT.
Thirdly DMA engines, which don't support LLPs would need to set this parameter
as 1. So if we do as you say and interpret unlimited number of LLPs as MAX_UINT,
then 0 would left unused.

To sum up I also think that using 0 as unlimited number SG entries supported is
much better.

> 
> > In addition to that seeing the dma_get_slave_caps() method provide the caps only
> > by getting them from the DMA device descriptor, while we need to have an info on
> > per-channel basis, it would be good to introduce a new DMA-device callback like:
> > struct dma_device {
> > ...
> > 	int (*device_caps)(struct dma_chan *chan,
> > 			   struct dma_slave_caps *caps);
> 

> Do you have a controller where channel caps are on per-channel basis?

Yes, I do. Our DW DMA controller has got the maximum burst length non-uniformly
distributed per DMA channels. There are eight channels our controller supports,
among which first two channels can burst up to 32 transfer words, but the rest
of the channels support bursting up to 4 transfer words.

So having such device_caps() callback to customize the device capabilities on
per-DMA-channel basis would be very useful! What do you think?

-Sergey

> 
> > ...
> > };
> > So the DMA driver could override the generic DMA device capabilities with the
> > values specific to the DMA channels. Such functionality will be also helpful for
> > the max-burst-len parameter introduced by this patchset, since depending on the
> > IP-core synthesis parameters it may be channel-specific.
> > 
> > Alternatively we could just introduce a new fields to the dma_chan structure and
> > retrieve the new caps values from them in the dma_get_slave_caps() method.
> > Though the solution with callback I like better.
> > 
> > What is your opinion about this? What solution you'd prefer?
> > 
> > On Tue, May 12, 2020 at 12:08:00AM +0300, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > > On Tue, May 12, 2020 at 12:07:14AM +0300, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > > > On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 10:32:55PM +0300, Serge Semin wrote:
> > > > > On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 04:58:53PM +0300, Andy Shevchenko wrote:
> > > > > > On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 4:48 PM Serge Semin
> > > > > > <Sergey.Semin@...kalelectronics.ru> wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 12:58:13PM +0100, Mark Brown wrote:
> > > > > > > > On Mon, May 11, 2020 at 05:10:16AM +0300, Serge Semin wrote:
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > > Alas linearizing the SPI messages won't help in this case because the DW DMA
> > > > > > > > > driver will split it into the max transaction chunks anyway.
> > > > > > > >
> > > > > > > > That sounds like you need to also impose a limit on the maximum message
> > > > > > > > size as well then, with that you should be able to handle messages up
> > > > > > > > to whatever that limit is.  There's code for that bit already, so long
> > > > > > > > as the limit is not too low it should be fine for most devices and
> > > > > > > > client drivers can see the limit so they can be updated to work with it
> > > > > > > > if needed.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Hmm, this might work. The problem will be with imposing such limitation through
> > > > > > > the DW APB SSI driver. In order to do this I need to know:
> > > > > > > 1) Whether multi-block LLP is supported by the DW DMA controller.
> > > > > > > 2) Maximum DW DMA transfer block size.
> > > > > > > Then I'll be able to use this information in the can_dma() callback to enable
> > > > > > > the DMA xfers only for the safe transfers. Did you mean something like this when
> > > > > > > you said "There's code for that bit already" ? If you meant the max_dma_len
> > > > > > > parameter, then setting it won't work, because it just limits the SG items size
> > > > > > > not the total length of a single transfer.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > So the question is of how to export the multi-block LLP flag from DW DMAc
> > > > > > > driver. Andy?
> > > > > > 
> > > > > > I'm not sure I understand why do you need this being exported. Just
> > > > > > always supply SG list out of single entry and define the length
> > > > > > according to the maximum segment size (it's done IIRC in SPI core).
> > > > > 
> > > > > Finally I see your point. So you suggest to feed the DMA engine with SG list
> > > > > entries one-by-one instead of sending all of them at once in a single
> > > > > dmaengine_prep_slave_sg() -> dmaengine_submit() -> dma_async_issue_pending()
> > > > > session. Hm, this solution will work, but there is an issue. There is no
> > > > > guarantee, that Tx and Rx SG lists are symmetric, consisting of the same
> > > > > number of items with the same sizes. It depends on the Tx/Rx buffers physical
> > > > > address alignment and their offsets within the memory pages. Though this
> > > > > problem can be solved by making the Tx and Rx SG lists symmetric. I'll have
> > > > > to implement a clever DMA IO loop, which would extract the DMA
> > > > > addresses/lengths from the SG entries and perform the single-buffer DMA 
> > > > > transactions with the DMA buffers of the same length.
> > > > > 
> > > > > Regarding noLLP being exported. Obviously I intended to solve the problem in a
> > > > > generic way since the problem is common for noLLP DW APB SSI/DW DMAC combination.
> > > > > In order to do this we need to know whether the multi-block LLP feature is
> > > > > unsupported by the DW DMA controller. We either make such info somehow exported
> > > > > from the DW DMA driver, so the DMA clients (like Dw APB SSI controller driver)
> > > > > could be ready to work around the problem; or just implement a flag-based quirk
> > > > > in the DMA client driver, which would be enabled in the platform-specific basis
> > > > > depending on the platform device actually detected (for instance, a specific
> > > > > version of the DW APB SSI IP). AFAICS You'd prefer the later option. 
> > > > 
> > > > So, we may extend the struct of DMA parameters to tell the consumer amount of entries (each of which is no longer than maximum segment size) it can afford:
> > > > - 0: Auto (DMA driver handles any cases itself)
> > > > - 1: Only single entry
> > > > - 2: Up to two...
> > > 
> > > It will left implementation details (or i.o.w. obstacles or limitation) why DMA
> > > can't do otherwise.
> > 
> > Sounds good. Thanks for assistance.
> > 
> > -Sergey
> > 
> > > 
> > > -- 
> > > With Best Regards,
> > > Andy Shevchenko
> > > 
> > > 
> 
> -- 
> ~Vinod

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