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Date:   Thu, 21 May 2020 08:34:15 -0400
From:   Murali Karicheri <>
To:     <>, <>, <>,
        <>, <>,
        <>, <>
Subject: Re: [net-next RFC PATCH 00/13] net: hsr: Add PRP driver

Hi David, et all,

On 5/13/20 8:27 AM, Murali Karicheri wrote:
> Hello netdev experts,
> On 5/6/20 12:30 PM, Murali Karicheri wrote:
>> This RFC series add support for Parallel Redundancy Protocol (PRP)
>> as defined in IEC-62439-3 in the kernel networking subsystem. PRP
>> Uses a Redundancy Control Trailer (RCT) the format of which is
>> similar to HSR Tag. This is used for implementing redundancy.
>> RCT consists of 6 bytes similar to HSR tag and contain following
>> fields:-
>> - 16-bit sequence number (SeqNr);
>> - 4-bit LAN identifier (LanId);
>> - 12 bit frame size (LSDUsize);
>> - 16-bit suffix (PRPsuffix).
>> The PRPsuffix identifies PRP frames and distinguishes PRP frames
>> from other protocols that also append a trailer to their useful
>> data. The LSDUsize field allows the receiver to distinguish PRP
>> frames from random, nonredundant frames as an additional check.
>> LSDUsize is the size of the Ethernet payload inclusive of the
>> RCT. Sequence number along with LanId is used for duplicate
>> detection and discard.
>> PRP node is also known as Dual Attached Node (DAN-P) since it
>> is typically attached to two different LAN for redundancy.
>> DAN-P duplicates each of L2 frames and send it over the two
>> Ethernet links. Each outgoing frame is appended with RCT.
>> Unlike HSR, these are added to the end of L2 frame and may be
>> treated as padding by bridges and therefore would be work with
>> traditional bridges or switches, where as HSR wouldn't as Tag
>> is prefixed to the Ethenet frame. At the remote end, these are
>> received and the duplicate frame is discarded before the stripped
>> frame is send up the networking stack. Like HSR, PRP also sends
>> periodic Supervision frames to the network. These frames are
>> received and MAC address from the SV frames are populated in a
>> database called Node Table. The above functions are grouped into
>> a block called Link Redundancy Entity (LRE) in the IEC spec.
>> As there are many similarities between HSR and PRP protocols,
>> this patch re-use the code from HSR driver to implement PRP
>> driver. As many part of the code can be re-used, this patch
>> introduces a new common API definitions for both protocols and
>> propose to obsolete the existing HSR defines in
>> include/uapi/linux/if_link.h. New definitions are prefixed
>> with a HSR_PRP prefix. Similarly include/uapi/linux/hsr_netlink.h
>> is proposed to be replaced with include/uapi/linux/hsr_prp_netlink.h
>> which also uses the HSR_PRP prefix. The netlink socket interface
>> code is migrated (as well as the iproute2 being sent as a follow up
>> patch) to use the new API definitions. To re-use the code,
>> following are done as a preparatory patch before adding the PRP
>> functionality:-
>>    - prefix all common code with hsr_prp
>>    - net/hsr -> renamed to net/hsr-prp
>>    - All common struct types, constants, functions renamed with
>>      hsr{HSR}_prp{PRP} prefix.
>> Please review this and provide me feedback so that I can work to
>> incorporate them and send a formal patch series for this. As this
>> series impacts user space, I am not sure if this is the right
>> approach to introduce a new definitions and obsolete the old
>> API definitions for HSR. The current approach is choosen
>> to avoid redundant code in iproute2 and in the netlink driver
>> code (hsr_netlink.c). Other approach we discussed internally was
>> to Keep the HSR prefix in the user space and kernel code, but
>> live with the redundant code in the iproute2 and hsr netlink
>> code. Would like to hear from you what is the best way to add
>> this feature to networking core. If there is any other
>> alternative approach possible, I would like to hear about the
>> same.
>> The patch was tested using two TI AM57x IDK boards which are
>> connected back to back over two CPSW ports.
>> Script used for creating the hsr/prp interface is given below
>> and uses the ip link command. Also provided logs from the tests
>> I have executed for your reference.
>> iproute2 related patches will follow soon....
> Could someone please review this and provide some feedback to take
> this forward?
> Thanks and regards,
>> Murali Karicheri
>> Texas Instruments
> -Cut-------------------------

I plan to send a formal patch early next week as we would like to move
forward with this series. So please take some high level look at this
and guide me if I am on the right track or this requires rework for
a formal patch.
Murali Karicheri
Texas Instruments

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