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Date:   Thu, 29 Oct 2020 12:38:26 +0100
From:   Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net>
To:     Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>
Cc:     James Morris <jmorris@...ei.org>,
        "Serge E . Hallyn" <serge@...lyn.com>,
        Al Viro <viro@...iv.linux.org.uk>,
        Andy Lutomirski <luto@...capital.net>,
        Anton Ivanov <anton.ivanov@...bridgegreys.com>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        Casey Schaufler <casey@...aufler-ca.com>,
        Jeff Dike <jdike@...toit.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>,
        Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@...il.com>,
        Richard Weinberger <richard@....at>,
        Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>,
        Vincent Dagonneau <vincent.dagonneau@....gouv.fr>,
        Kernel Hardening <kernel-hardening@...ts.openwall.com>,
        Linux API <linux-api@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-arch <linux-arch@...r.kernel.org>,
        "open list:DOCUMENTATION" <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-fsdevel <linux-fsdevel@...r.kernel.org>,
        kernel list <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        "open list:KERNEL SELFTEST FRAMEWORK" 
        <linux-kselftest@...r.kernel.org>,
        linux-security-module <linux-security-module@...r.kernel.org>,
        the arch/x86 maintainers <x86@...nel.org>,
        Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ux.microsoft.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v22 12/12] landlock: Add user and kernel documentation


On 29/10/2020 02:07, Jann Horn wrote:
> On Tue, Oct 27, 2020 at 9:04 PM Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ikod.net> wrote:
>> This documentation can be built with the Sphinx framework.
>>
>> Cc: James Morris <jmorris@...ei.org>
>> Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@...gle.com>
>> Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@...omium.org>
>> Cc: Serge E. Hallyn <serge@...lyn.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Mickaël Salaün <mic@...ux.microsoft.com>
>> Reviewed-by: Vincent Dagonneau <vincent.dagonneau@....gouv.fr>
> [...]
>> diff --git a/Documentation/userspace-api/landlock.rst b/Documentation/userspace-api/landlock.rst
> [...]
>> +Landlock rules
>> +==============
>> +
>> +A Landlock rule enables to describe an action on an object.  An object is
> 
> s/enables to describe/describes/

OK.

> 
>> +currently a file hierarchy, and the related filesystem actions are defined in
>> +`Access rights`_.  A set of rules is aggregated in a ruleset, which can then
>> +restrict the thread enforcing it, and its future children.
>> +
>> +Defining and enforcing a security policy
>> +----------------------------------------
>> +
>> +We first need to create the ruleset that will contain our rules.  For this
>> +example, the ruleset will contain rules which only allow read actions, but
>> +write actions will be denied.  The ruleset then needs to handle both of these
>> +kind of actions.  To have a backward compatibility, these actions should be
>> +ANDed with the supported ones.
> 
> This sounds as if there is a way for userspace to discover which
> actions are supported by the running kernel; but we don't have
> anything like that, right?

Right, it dates from the landlock_get_features(2), which is now gone but
may be replaced by something else in the future. I'll remove that.

> 
> If we want to make that possible, we could maybe change
> sys_landlock_create_ruleset() so that if
> ruleset_attr.handled_access_fs contains bits we don't know, we clear
> those bits and then copy the struct back to userspace? And then
> userspace can retry the syscall with the cleared bits? Or something
> along those lines?

Yes, but I would prefer clear syscall which don't read and write from/to
the same argument. I'm working on a more generic solution. It should not
be an issue for now.

> 
> [...]
>> +We can now add a new rule to this ruleset thanks to the returned file
>> +descriptor referring to this ruleset.  The rule will only enable to read the
> 
> s/enable to read/allow reading/

OK.

> 
>> +file hierarchy ``/usr``.  Without another rule, write actions would then be
>> +denied by the ruleset.  To add ``/usr`` to the ruleset, we open it with the
>> +``O_PATH`` flag and fill the &struct landlock_path_beneath_attr with this file
>> +descriptor.
> [...]
>> +Inheritance
>> +-----------
>> +
>> +Every new thread resulting from a :manpage:`clone(2)` inherits Landlock domain
>> +restrictions from its parent.  This is similar to the seccomp inheritance (cf.
>> +:doc:`/userspace-api/seccomp_filter`) or any other LSM dealing with task's
>> +:manpage:`credentials(7)`.  For instance, one process's thread may apply
>> +Landlock rules to itself, but they will not be automatically applied to other
>> +sibling threads (unlike POSIX thread credential changes, cf.
>> +:manpage:`nptl(7)`).
>> +
>> +When a thread sandbox itself, we have the grantee that the related security
> 
> s/sandbox/sandboxes/
> s/grantee/guarantee/

OK.

> 
>> +policy will stay enforced on all this thread's descendants.  This enables to
>> +create standalone and modular security policies per application, which will
> 
> s/enables to create/allows creating/

OK.

> 
> 
>> +automatically be composed between themselves according to their runtime parent
>> +policies.

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