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Date:   Sat, 31 Oct 2020 15:44:37 +0800
From:   Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@...wei.com>
To:     <tglx@...utronix.de>, <mingo@...hat.com>, <dyoung@...hat.com>,
        <bhe@...hat.com>, <catalin.marinas@....com>, <will@...nel.org>,
        <corbet@....net>, <John.P.donnelly@...cle.com>,
        <bhsharma@...hat.com>, <prabhakar.pkin@...il.com>
CC:     <horms@...ge.net.au>, <robh+dt@...nel.org>, <arnd@...db.de>,
        <nsaenzjulienne@...e.de>, <james.morse@....com>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        <kexec@...ts.infradead.org>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
        <chenzhou10@...wei.com>, <xiexiuqi@...wei.com>,
        <guohanjun@...wei.com>, <huawei.libin@...wei.com>,
        <wangkefeng.wang@...wei.com>,
        John Donnelly <John.p.donnelly@...cle.com>
Subject: [PATCH v13 8/8] kdump: update Documentation about crashkernel

For arm64, the behavior of crashkernel=X has been changed, which
tries low allocation in DMA zone or DMA32 zone if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
is disabled, and fall back to high allocation if it fails.

We can also use "crashkernel=X,high" to select a high region above
DMA zone, which also tries to allocate at least 256M low memory in
DMA zone automatically (or the DMA32 zone if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is disabled).

"crashkernel=Y,low" can be used to allocate specified size low memory.

So update the Documentation.

Signed-off-by: Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@...wei.com>
Tested-by: John Donnelly <John.p.donnelly@...cle.com>
---
 Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst     | 23 ++++++++++++++++---
 .../admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt         | 12 ++++++++--
 2 files changed, 30 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst
index 75a9dd98e76e..bde5f994d185 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst
@@ -299,7 +299,16 @@ Boot into System Kernel
    "crashkernel=64M@16M" tells the system kernel to reserve 64 MB of memory
    starting at physical address 0x01000000 (16MB) for the dump-capture kernel.
 
-   On x86 and x86_64, use "crashkernel=64M@16M".
+   On x86 use "crashkernel=64M@16M".
+
+   On x86_64, use "crashkernel=X" to select a region under 4G first, and
+   fall back to reserve region above 4G. And go for high allocation
+   directly if the required size is too large.
+   We can also use "crashkernel=X,high" to select a region above 4G, which
+   also tries to allocate at least 256M below 4G automatically and
+   "crashkernel=Y,low" can be used to allocate specified size low memory.
+   Use "crashkernel=Y@X" if you really have to reserve memory from specified
+   start address X.
 
    On ppc64, use "crashkernel=128M@32M".
 
@@ -316,8 +325,16 @@ Boot into System Kernel
    kernel will automatically locate the crash kernel image within the
    first 512MB of RAM if X is not given.
 
-   On arm64, use "crashkernel=Y[@X]".  Note that the start address of
-   the kernel, X if explicitly specified, must be aligned to 2MiB (0x200000).
+   On arm64, use "crashkernel=X" to try low allocation in DMA zone (or
+   DMA32 zone if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is disabled), and fall back to high
+   allocation if it fails.
+   We can also use "crashkernel=X,high" to select a high region above
+   DMA zone, which also tries to allocate at least 256M low memory in
+   DMA zone automatically (or the DMA32 zone if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is disabled).
+   "crashkernel=Y,low" can be used to allocate specified size low memory.
+   Use "crashkernel=Y@X" if you really have to reserve memory from
+   specified start address X. Note that the start address of the kernel,
+   X if explicitly specified, must be aligned to 2MiB (0x200000).
 
 Load the Dump-capture Kernel
 ============================
diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
index 526d65d8573a..b2955d9379e8 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/kernel-parameters.txt
@@ -738,6 +738,9 @@
 			[KNL, X86-64] Select a region under 4G first, and
 			fall back to reserve region above 4G when '@...set'
 			hasn't been specified.
+			[KNL, arm64] Try low allocation in DMA zone (or DMA32 zone
+			if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA is disabled), fall back to high allocation
+			if it fails when '@...set' hasn't been specified.
 			See Documentation/admin-guide/kdump/kdump.rst for further details.
 
 	crashkernel=range1:size1[,range2:size2,...][@offset]
@@ -754,6 +757,8 @@
 			Otherwise memory region will be allocated below 4G, if
 			available.
 			It will be ignored if crashkernel=X is specified.
+			[KNL, arm64] range in high memory.
+			Allow kernel to allocate physical memory region from top.
 	crashkernel=size[KMG],low
 			[KNL, X86-64] range under 4G. When crashkernel=X,high
 			is passed, kernel could allocate physical memory region
@@ -762,13 +767,16 @@
 			requires at least 64M+32K low memory, also enough extra
 			low memory is needed to make sure DMA buffers for 32-bit
 			devices won't run out. Kernel would try to allocate at
-			at least 256M below 4G automatically.
+			least 256M below 4G automatically.
 			This one let user to specify own low range under 4G
 			for second kernel instead.
 			0: to disable low allocation.
 			It will be ignored when crashkernel=X,high is not used
 			or memory reserved is below 4G.
-
+			[KNL, arm64] range in low memory.
+			This one let user to specify a low range in DMA zone for
+			crash dump kernel (or the DMA32 zone if CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
+			is disabled).
 	cryptomgr.notests
 			[KNL] Disable crypto self-tests
 
-- 
2.20.1

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