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Date:   Sat, 31 Oct 2020 15:44:33 +0800
From:   Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@...wei.com>
To:     <tglx@...utronix.de>, <mingo@...hat.com>, <dyoung@...hat.com>,
        <bhe@...hat.com>, <catalin.marinas@....com>, <will@...nel.org>,
        <corbet@....net>, <John.P.donnelly@...cle.com>,
        <bhsharma@...hat.com>, <prabhakar.pkin@...il.com>
CC:     <horms@...ge.net.au>, <robh+dt@...nel.org>, <arnd@...db.de>,
        <nsaenzjulienne@...e.de>, <james.morse@....com>,
        <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        <kexec@...ts.infradead.org>, <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>,
        <chenzhou10@...wei.com>, <xiexiuqi@...wei.com>,
        <guohanjun@...wei.com>, <huawei.libin@...wei.com>,
        <wangkefeng.wang@...wei.com>,
        John Donnelly <John.p.donnelly@...cle.com>
Subject: [PATCH v13 4/8] x86: kdump: move reserve_crashkernel[_low]() into crash_core.c

Make the functions reserve_crashkernel[_low]() as generic.
Arm64 will use these to reimplement crashkernel=X.

Signed-off-by: Chen Zhou <chenzhou10@...wei.com>
Tested-by: John Donnelly <John.p.donnelly@...cle.com>
---
 arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h |  25 ++++++
 arch/x86/kernel/setup.c      | 151 +-------------------------------
 include/linux/crash_core.h   |   4 +
 include/linux/kexec.h        |   2 -
 kernel/crash_core.c          | 164 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 kernel/kexec_core.c          |  17 ----
 6 files changed, 195 insertions(+), 168 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h
index 8cf9d3fd31c7..34afa7b645f9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kexec.h
@@ -21,6 +21,27 @@
 /* 2M alignment for crash kernel regions */
 #define CRASH_ALIGN		SZ_16M
 
+/*
+ * Keep the crash kernel below this limit.
+ *
+ * Earlier 32-bits kernels would limit the kernel to the low 512 MB range
+ * due to mapping restrictions.
+ *
+ * 64-bit kdump kernels need to be restricted to be under 64 TB, which is
+ * the upper limit of system RAM in 4-level paging mode. Since the kdump
+ * jump could be from 5-level paging to 4-level paging, the jump will fail if
+ * the kernel is put above 64 TB, and during the 1st kernel bootup there's
+ * no good way to detect the paging mode of the target kernel which will be
+ * loaded for dumping.
+ */
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
+# define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX	SZ_512M
+# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX	SZ_512M
+#else
+# define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX	SZ_4G
+# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX	SZ_64T
+#endif
+
 #ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
 
 #include <linux/string.h>
@@ -200,6 +221,10 @@ typedef void crash_vmclear_fn(void);
 extern crash_vmclear_fn __rcu *crash_vmclear_loaded_vmcss;
 extern void kdump_nmi_shootdown_cpus(void);
 
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
+extern void __init reserve_crashkernel(void);
+#endif
+
 #endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
 
 #endif /* _ASM_X86_KEXEC_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
index 1289f079ad5f..00b3840d30f9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup.c
@@ -25,8 +25,6 @@
 
 #include <uapi/linux/mount.h>
 
-#include <xen/xen.h>
-
 #include <asm/apic.h>
 #include <asm/numa.h>
 #include <asm/bios_ebda.h>
@@ -38,6 +36,7 @@
 #include <asm/io_apic.h>
 #include <asm/kasan.h>
 #include <asm/kaslr.h>
+#include <asm/kexec.h>
 #include <asm/mce.h>
 #include <asm/mtrr.h>
 #include <asm/realmode.h>
@@ -389,153 +388,7 @@ static void __init memblock_x86_reserve_range_setup_data(void)
 	}
 }
 
-/*
- * --------- Crashkernel reservation ------------------------------
- */
-
-#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
-
-/*
- * Keep the crash kernel below this limit.
- *
- * Earlier 32-bits kernels would limit the kernel to the low 512 MB range
- * due to mapping restrictions.
- *
- * 64-bit kdump kernels need to be restricted to be under 64 TB, which is
- * the upper limit of system RAM in 4-level paging mode. Since the kdump
- * jump could be from 5-level paging to 4-level paging, the jump will fail if
- * the kernel is put above 64 TB, and during the 1st kernel bootup there's
- * no good way to detect the paging mode of the target kernel which will be
- * loaded for dumping.
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
-# define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX	SZ_512M
-# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX	SZ_512M
-#else
-# define CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX	SZ_4G
-# define CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX	SZ_64T
-#endif
-
-static int __init reserve_crashkernel_low(void)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
-	unsigned long long base, low_base = 0, low_size = 0;
-	unsigned long low_mem_limit;
-	int ret;
-
-	low_mem_limit = min(memblock_phys_mem_size(), CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
-
-	/* crashkernel=Y,low */
-	ret = parse_crashkernel_low(boot_command_line, low_mem_limit, &low_size, &base);
-	if (ret) {
-		/*
-		 * two parts from kernel/dma/swiotlb.c:
-		 * -swiotlb size: user-specified with swiotlb= or default.
-		 *
-		 * -swiotlb overflow buffer: now hardcoded to 32k. We round it
-		 * to 8M for other buffers that may need to stay low too. Also
-		 * make sure we allocate enough extra low memory so that we
-		 * don't run out of DMA buffers for 32-bit devices.
-		 */
-		low_size = max(swiotlb_size_or_default() + (8UL << 20), 256UL << 20);
-	} else {
-		/* passed with crashkernel=0,low ? */
-		if (!low_size)
-			return 0;
-	}
-
-	low_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(low_size, CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
-	if (!low_base) {
-		pr_err("Cannot reserve %ldMB crashkernel low memory, please try smaller size.\n",
-		       (unsigned long)(low_size >> 20));
-		return -ENOMEM;
-	}
-
-	pr_info("Reserving %ldMB of low memory at %ldMB for crashkernel (low RAM limit: %ldMB)\n",
-		(unsigned long)(low_size >> 20),
-		(unsigned long)(low_base >> 20),
-		(unsigned long)(low_mem_limit >> 20));
-
-	crashk_low_res.start = low_base;
-	crashk_low_res.end   = low_base + low_size - 1;
-	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &crashk_low_res);
-#endif
-	return 0;
-}
-
-static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
-{
-	unsigned long long crash_size, crash_base, total_mem;
-	bool high = false;
-	int ret;
-
-	total_mem = memblock_phys_mem_size();
-
-	/* crashkernel=XM */
-	ret = parse_crashkernel(boot_command_line, total_mem, &crash_size, &crash_base);
-	if (ret != 0 || crash_size <= 0) {
-		/* crashkernel=X,high */
-		ret = parse_crashkernel_high(boot_command_line, total_mem,
-					     &crash_size, &crash_base);
-		if (ret != 0 || crash_size <= 0)
-			return;
-		high = true;
-	}
-
-	if (xen_pv_domain()) {
-		pr_info("Ignoring crashkernel for a Xen PV domain\n");
-		return;
-	}
-
-	/* 0 means: find the address automatically */
-	if (!crash_base) {
-		/*
-		 * Set CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX upper bound for crash memory,
-		 * crashkernel=x,high reserves memory over CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX,
-		 * also allocates 256M extra low memory for DMA buffers
-		 * and swiotlb.
-		 * But the extra memory is not required for all machines.
-		 * So try low memory first and fall back to high memory
-		 * unless "crashkernel=size[KMG],high" is specified.
-		 */
-		if (!high)
-			crash_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size,
-						CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
-						CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
-		if (!crash_base)
-			crash_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size,
-						CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
-						CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX);
-		if (!crash_base) {
-			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - No suitable area found.\n");
-			return;
-		}
-	} else {
-		unsigned long long start;
-
-		start = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size, CRASH_ALIGN, crash_base,
-						  crash_base + crash_size);
-		if (start != crash_base) {
-			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - memory is in use.\n");
-			return;
-		}
-	}
-
-	if (crash_base >= CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX && reserve_crashkernel_low()) {
-		memblock_free(crash_base, crash_size);
-		return;
-	}
-
-	pr_info("Reserving %ldMB of memory at %ldMB for crashkernel (System RAM: %ldMB)\n",
-		(unsigned long)(crash_size >> 20),
-		(unsigned long)(crash_base >> 20),
-		(unsigned long)(total_mem >> 20));
-
-	crashk_res.start = crash_base;
-	crashk_res.end   = crash_base + crash_size - 1;
-	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &crashk_res);
-}
-#else
+#ifndef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
 static void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
 {
 }
diff --git a/include/linux/crash_core.h b/include/linux/crash_core.h
index 206bde8308b2..5021d7c70aee 100644
--- a/include/linux/crash_core.h
+++ b/include/linux/crash_core.h
@@ -69,6 +69,9 @@ extern unsigned char *vmcoreinfo_data;
 extern size_t vmcoreinfo_size;
 extern u32 *vmcoreinfo_note;
 
+extern struct resource crashk_res;
+extern struct resource crashk_low_res;
+
 /* raw contents of kernel .notes section */
 extern const void __start_notes __weak;
 extern const void __stop_notes __weak;
@@ -83,5 +86,6 @@ int parse_crashkernel_high(char *cmdline, unsigned long long system_ram,
 		unsigned long long *crash_size, unsigned long long *crash_base);
 int parse_crashkernel_low(char *cmdline, unsigned long long system_ram,
 		unsigned long long *crash_size, unsigned long long *crash_base);
+int __init reserve_crashkernel_low(void);
 
 #endif /* LINUX_CRASH_CORE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/kexec.h b/include/linux/kexec.h
index 9e93bef52968..f301f2f5cfc4 100644
--- a/include/linux/kexec.h
+++ b/include/linux/kexec.h
@@ -337,8 +337,6 @@ extern int kexec_load_disabled;
 
 /* Location of a reserved region to hold the crash kernel.
  */
-extern struct resource crashk_res;
-extern struct resource crashk_low_res;
 extern note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes;
 
 /* flag to track if kexec reboot is in progress */
diff --git a/kernel/crash_core.c b/kernel/crash_core.c
index 106e4500fd53..d39892bdb9ae 100644
--- a/kernel/crash_core.c
+++ b/kernel/crash_core.c
@@ -7,7 +7,12 @@
 #include <linux/crash_core.h>
 #include <linux/utsname.h>
 #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
+#include <linux/memblock.h>
+#include <linux/swiotlb.h>
 
+#include <xen/xen.h>
+
+#include <asm/kexec.h>
 #include <asm/page.h>
 #include <asm/sections.h>
 
@@ -21,6 +26,22 @@ u32 *vmcoreinfo_note;
 /* trusted vmcoreinfo, e.g. we can make a copy in the crash memory */
 static unsigned char *vmcoreinfo_data_safecopy;
 
+/* Location of the reserved area for the crash kernel */
+struct resource crashk_res = {
+	.name  = "Crash kernel",
+	.start = 0,
+	.end   = 0,
+	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
+	.desc  = IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL
+};
+struct resource crashk_low_res = {
+	.name  = "Crash kernel",
+	.start = 0,
+	.end   = 0,
+	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
+	.desc  = IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL
+};
+
 /*
  * parsing the "crashkernel" commandline
  *
@@ -294,6 +315,149 @@ int __init parse_crashkernel_low(char *cmdline,
 				"crashkernel=", suffix_tbl[SUFFIX_LOW]);
 }
 
+/*
+ * --------- Crashkernel reservation ------------------------------
+ */
+
+int __init reserve_crashkernel_low(void)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+	unsigned long long base, low_base = 0, low_size = 0;
+	unsigned long low_mem_limit;
+	int ret;
+
+	low_mem_limit = min(memblock_phys_mem_size(), CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
+
+	/* crashkernel=Y,low */
+	ret = parse_crashkernel_low(boot_command_line, low_mem_limit, &low_size, &base);
+	if (ret) {
+		/*
+		 * two parts from kernel/dma/swiotlb.c:
+		 * -swiotlb size: user-specified with swiotlb= or default.
+		 *
+		 * -swiotlb overflow buffer: now hardcoded to 32k. We round it
+		 * to 8M for other buffers that may need to stay low too. Also
+		 * make sure we allocate enough extra low memory so that we
+		 * don't run out of DMA buffers for 32-bit devices.
+		 */
+		low_size = max(swiotlb_size_or_default() + (8UL << 20), 256UL << 20);
+	} else {
+		/* passed with crashkernel=0,low ? */
+		if (!low_size)
+			return 0;
+	}
+
+	low_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(low_size, CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
+			CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
+	if (!low_base) {
+		pr_err("Cannot reserve %ldMB crashkernel low memory, please try smaller size.\n",
+		       (unsigned long)(low_size >> 20));
+		return -ENOMEM;
+	}
+
+	pr_info("Reserving %ldMB of low memory at %ldMB for crashkernel (low RAM limit: %ldMB)\n",
+		(unsigned long)(low_size >> 20),
+		(unsigned long)(low_base >> 20),
+		(unsigned long)(low_mem_limit >> 20));
+
+	crashk_low_res.start = low_base;
+	crashk_low_res.end   = low_base + low_size - 1;
+	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &crashk_low_res);
+#endif
+	return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86
+#ifdef CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE
+/*
+ * reserve_crashkernel() - reserves memory for crash kernel
+ *
+ * This function reserves memory area given in "crashkernel=" kernel command
+ * line parameter. The memory reserved is used by dump capture kernel when
+ * primary kernel is crashing.
+ */
+void __init reserve_crashkernel(void)
+{
+	unsigned long long crash_size, crash_base, total_mem;
+	bool high = false;
+	int ret;
+
+	total_mem = memblock_phys_mem_size();
+
+	/* crashkernel=XM */
+	ret = parse_crashkernel(boot_command_line, total_mem, &crash_size, &crash_base);
+	if (ret != 0 || crash_size <= 0) {
+		/* crashkernel=X,high */
+		ret = parse_crashkernel_high(boot_command_line, total_mem,
+					     &crash_size, &crash_base);
+		if (ret != 0 || crash_size <= 0)
+			return;
+		high = true;
+	}
+
+	if (xen_pv_domain()) {
+		pr_info("Ignoring crashkernel for a Xen PV domain\n");
+		return;
+	}
+
+	/* 0 means: find the address automatically */
+	if (!crash_base) {
+		/*
+		 * Set CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX upper bound for crash memory,
+		 * crashkernel=x,high reserves memory over CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX,
+		 * also allocates 256M extra low memory for DMA buffers
+		 * and swiotlb.
+		 * But the extra memory is not required for all machines.
+		 * So try low memory first and fall back to high memory
+		 * unless "crashkernel=size[KMG],high" is specified.
+		 */
+		if (!high)
+			crash_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size,
+						CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
+						CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX);
+		if (!crash_base)
+			crash_base = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size,
+						CRASH_ALIGN, CRASH_ALIGN,
+						CRASH_ADDR_HIGH_MAX);
+		if (!crash_base) {
+			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - No suitable area found.\n");
+			return;
+		}
+	} else {
+		/* User specifies base address explicitly. */
+		unsigned long long start;
+
+		if (!IS_ALIGNED(crash_base, CRASH_ALIGN)) {
+			pr_warn("cannot reserve crashkernel: base address is not %ldMB aligned\n",
+				(unsigned long)CRASH_ALIGN >> 20);
+			return;
+		}
+
+		start = memblock_phys_alloc_range(crash_size, CRASH_ALIGN, crash_base,
+						  crash_base + crash_size);
+		if (start != crash_base) {
+			pr_info("crashkernel reservation failed - memory is in use.\n");
+			return;
+		}
+	}
+
+	if (crash_base >= CRASH_ADDR_LOW_MAX && reserve_crashkernel_low()) {
+		memblock_free(crash_base, crash_size);
+		return;
+	}
+
+	pr_info("Reserving %ldMB of memory at %ldMB for crashkernel (System RAM: %ldMB)\n",
+		(unsigned long)(crash_size >> 20),
+		(unsigned long)(crash_base >> 20),
+		(unsigned long)(total_mem >> 20));
+
+	crashk_res.start = crash_base;
+	crashk_res.end   = crash_base + crash_size - 1;
+	insert_resource(&iomem_resource, &crashk_res);
+}
+#endif /* CONFIG_KEXEC_CORE */
+#endif
+
 Elf_Word *append_elf_note(Elf_Word *buf, char *name, unsigned int type,
 			  void *data, size_t data_len)
 {
diff --git a/kernel/kexec_core.c b/kernel/kexec_core.c
index 8798a8183974..2ca887514145 100644
--- a/kernel/kexec_core.c
+++ b/kernel/kexec_core.c
@@ -53,23 +53,6 @@ note_buf_t __percpu *crash_notes;
 /* Flag to indicate we are going to kexec a new kernel */
 bool kexec_in_progress = false;
 
-
-/* Location of the reserved area for the crash kernel */
-struct resource crashk_res = {
-	.name  = "Crash kernel",
-	.start = 0,
-	.end   = 0,
-	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
-	.desc  = IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL
-};
-struct resource crashk_low_res = {
-	.name  = "Crash kernel",
-	.start = 0,
-	.end   = 0,
-	.flags = IORESOURCE_BUSY | IORESOURCE_SYSTEM_RAM,
-	.desc  = IORES_DESC_CRASH_KERNEL
-};
-
 int kexec_should_crash(struct task_struct *p)
 {
 	/*
-- 
2.20.1

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