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Date:   Thu, 26 Nov 2020 14:16:23 +0530
From:   Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1@...il.com>
To:     joe@...ches.com
Cc:     linux-kernel-mentees@...ts.linuxfoundation.org,
        dwaipayanray1@...il.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        lukas.bulwahn@...il.com
Subject: [PATCH v2] checkpatch: add warning for unnecessary use of %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi]

Modifiers %h and %hh should never be used.

Commit cbacb5ab0aa0 ("docs: printk-formats: Stop encouraging use
of unnecessary %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi]") specifies that:

"Standard integer promotion is already done and %hx and %hhx is useless
so do not encourage the use of %hh[xudi] or %h[xudi]."

"The "h" and "hh" things should never be used. The only reason for them
being used if you have an "int", but you want to print it out as a
"char" (and honestly, that is a really bad reason, you'd be better off
just using a proper cast to make the code more obvious)."

Add a new check to emit a warning on finding an unneeded use of %h or
%hh modifier.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/4910042649a4f3ab22fac93191b8c1fa0a2e17c3.camel@perches.com/

Suggested-by: Lukas Bulwahn <lukas.bulwahn@...il.com>
Signed-off-by: Dwaipayan Ray <dwaipayanray1@...il.com>
---
Changes in v2:
- Use $logFunctions instead of the manual list.
- Relocate the check to after logging continuations check.
- Remove perl_version_ok condition which is unneeded here.

 scripts/checkpatch.pl | 12 ++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 12 insertions(+)

diff --git a/scripts/checkpatch.pl b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
index 7dc094445d83..d1ecb852f384 100755
--- a/scripts/checkpatch.pl
+++ b/scripts/checkpatch.pl
@@ -6027,6 +6027,18 @@ sub process {
 			     "Avoid logging continuation uses where feasible\n" . $herecurr);
 		}
 
+# check for unnecessary use of %h[xudi] and %hh[xudi] in logging functions
+		if (defined $stat &&
+		    $line =~ /\b$logFunctions\s*\(/) {
+			my $lc = $stat =~ tr@\n@@;
+			$lc = $lc + $linenr;
+			my $stat_real = get_stat_real($linenr, $lc);
+			if ($stat_real =~ /\"[^\"]*%[\d\.\*\-]*h+[idux].*\"/i) {
+				WARN("UNNECESSARY_MODIFIER",
+				     "Unnecessary use of modifiers %h[xudi] or %hh[xudi]\n" . "$here\n$stat_real\n");
+			}
+		}
+
 # check for mask then right shift without a parentheses
 		if ($perl_version_ok &&
 		    $line =~ /$LvalOrFunc\s*\&\s*($LvalOrFunc)\s*>>/ &&
-- 
2.27.0

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