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Date:   Thu, 26 Nov 2020 14:34:27 +0100
From:   SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.com>
To:     Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@...gle.com>
CC:     SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.com>,
        SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.de>,
        <Jonathan.Cameron@...wei.com>,
        Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@...hat.com>, <acme@...nel.org>,
        <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>, <amit@...nel.org>,
        <benh@...nel.crashing.org>, <brendan.d.gregg@...il.com>,
        Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@...gle.com>,
        Qian Cai <cai@....pw>,
        Colin Ian King <colin.king@...onical.com>,
        Jonathan Corbet <corbet@....net>,
        "David Hildenbrand" <david@...hat.com>, <dwmw@...zon.com>,
        Marco Elver <elver@...gle.com>, "Du, Fan" <fan.du@...el.com>,
        <foersleo@...zon.de>, "Greg Thelen" <gthelen@...gle.com>,
        Ian Rogers <irogers@...gle.com>, <jolsa@...hat.com>,
        "Kirill A. Shutemov" <kirill@...temov.name>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Mel Gorman <mgorman@...e.de>, Minchan Kim <minchan@...nel.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>, <namhyung@...nel.org>,
        "Peter Zijlstra (Intel)" <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@...radead.org>,
        Rik van Riel <riel@...riel.com>,
        David Rientjes <rientjes@...gle.com>,
        Steven Rostedt <rostedt@...dmis.org>,
        Mike Rapoport <rppt@...nel.org>, <sblbir@...zon.com>,
        Shuah Khan <shuah@...nel.org>, <sj38.park@...il.com>,
        <snu@...zon.de>, Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@...e.cz>,
        Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@...il.com>,
        Yang Shi <yang.shi@...ux.alibaba.com>,
        Huang Ying <ying.huang@...el.com>, <zgf574564920@...il.com>,
        <linux-damon@...zon.com>, Linux MM <linux-mm@...ck.org>,
        <linux-doc@...r.kernel.org>, LKML <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v22 06/18] mm/damon: Implement primitives for the virtual memory address spaces

On Wed, 25 Nov 2020 07:30:18 -0800 Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@...gle.com> wrote:

> On Tue, Oct 20, 2020 at 2:06 AM SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.com> wrote:
> >
> > From: SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.de>
> >
> > This commit introduces a reference implementation of the address space
> > specific low level primitives for the virtual address space, so that
> > users of DAMON can easily monitor the data accesses on virtual address
> > spaces of specific processes by simply configuring the implementation to
> > be used by DAMON.
> >
> > The low level primitives for the fundamental access monitoring are
> > defined in two parts:
> > 1. Identification of the monitoring target address range for the address
> > space.
> > 2. Access check of specific address range in the target space.
> >
> > The reference implementation for the virtual address space provided by
> > this commit is designed as below.
> >
> > PTE Accessed-bit Based Access Check
> > -----------------------------------
> >
> > The implementation uses PTE Accessed-bit for basic access checks.  That
> > is, it clears the bit for next sampling target page and checks whether
> > it set again after one sampling period.  This could disturb other kernel
> > subsystems using the Accessed bits, namely Idle page tracking and the
> > reclaim logic.  To avoid such disturbances, DAMON makes it mutually
> > exclusive with Idle page tracking and uses ``PG_idle`` and ``PG_young``
> > page flags to solve the conflict with the reclaim logics, as Idle page
> > tracking does.
> >
> > VMA-based Target Address Range Construction
> > -------------------------------------------
> >
> > Only small parts in the super-huge virtual address space of the
> > processes are mapped to physical memory and accessed.  Thus, tracking
> > the unmapped address regions is just wasteful.  However, because DAMON
> > can deal with some level of noise using the adaptive regions adjustment
> > mechanism, tracking every mapping is not strictly required but could
> > even incur a high overhead in some cases.  That said, too huge unmapped
> > areas inside the monitoring target should be removed to not take the
> > time for the adaptive mechanism.
> >
> > For the reason, this implementation converts the complex mappings to
> > three distinct regions that cover every mapped area of the address
> > space.  Also, the two gaps between the three regions are the two biggest
> > unmapped areas in the given address space.  The two biggest unmapped
> > areas would be the gap between the heap and the uppermost mmap()-ed
> > region, and the gap between the lowermost mmap()-ed region and the stack
> > in most of the cases.  Because these gaps are exceptionally huge in
> > usual address spacees, excluding these will be sufficient to make a
> > reasonable trade-off.  Below shows this in detail::
> >
> >     <heap>
> >     <BIG UNMAPPED REGION 1>
> >     <uppermost mmap()-ed region>
> >     (small mmap()-ed regions and munmap()-ed regions)
> >     <lowermost mmap()-ed region>
> >     <BIG UNMAPPED REGION 2>
> >     <stack>
> >
> > Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@...zon.de>
> > Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@...zon.de>
> > ---
> >  include/linux/damon.h |  14 +
> >  mm/damon/Kconfig      |  10 +
> >  mm/damon/Makefile     |   1 +
> >  mm/damon/primitives.c | 582 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> >  4 files changed, 607 insertions(+)
> >  create mode 100644 mm/damon/primitives.c
> >
> > diff --git a/include/linux/damon.h b/include/linux/damon.h
> > index b8562814751e..70cc4b54212e 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/damon.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/damon.h
> > @@ -238,4 +238,18 @@ int damon_stop(struct damon_ctx **ctxs, int nr_ctxs);
> >
> >  #endif /* CONFIG_DAMON */
> >
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_DAMON_PRIMITIVES
> > +
> > +/* Reference callback implementations for virtual memory */
> > +void damon_va_init_regions(struct damon_ctx *ctx);
> > +void damon_va_update_regions(struct damon_ctx *ctx);
> > +void damon_va_prepare_access_checks(struct damon_ctx *ctx);
> > +unsigned int damon_va_check_accesses(struct damon_ctx *ctx);
> > +bool damon_va_target_valid(struct damon_target *t);
> > +void damon_va_cleanup(struct damon_ctx *ctx);
> > +void damon_va_set_primitives(struct damon_ctx *ctx);
> > +
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_DAMON_PRIMITIVES */
> > +
> > +
> >  #endif
> > diff --git a/mm/damon/Kconfig b/mm/damon/Kconfig
> > index d00e99ac1a15..0d2a18ddb9d8 100644
> > --- a/mm/damon/Kconfig
> > +++ b/mm/damon/Kconfig
> > @@ -12,4 +12,14 @@ config DAMON
> >           See https://damonitor.github.io/doc/html/latest-damon/index.html for
> >           more information.
> >
> > +config DAMON_PRIMITIVES
> 
> I would rather name this base on virtual address space monitoring
> maybe like DAMON_VMA_OPTIMIZED_MONITORING or something similar.
> PRIMITIVES does not seem like a good name for this.

Agreed, will rename in the next version.  How about DAMON_PRIMITIVES_VADDR?

> 
> > +       bool "Monitoring primitives for virtual address spaces monitoring"
> > +       depends on DAMON && MMU && !IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING
> > +       select PAGE_EXTENSION if !64BIT
> > +       select PAGE_IDLE_FLAG
> > +       help
> > +         This builds the default data access monitoring primitives for DAMON.
> > +         The primitives support only virtual address spaces.  If this cannot
> > +         cover your use case, you can implement and use your own primitives.
> > +
> >  endmenu
> > diff --git a/mm/damon/Makefile b/mm/damon/Makefile
> > index 4fd2edb4becf..2f3235a52e5e 100644
> > --- a/mm/damon/Makefile
> > +++ b/mm/damon/Makefile
> > @@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
> >  # SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> >
> >  obj-$(CONFIG_DAMON)            := core.o
> > +obj-$(CONFIG_DAMON_PRIMITIVES) += primitives.o
> > diff --git a/mm/damon/primitives.c b/mm/damon/primitives.c
> > new file mode 100644
> > index 000000000000..9b603ac0077c
> > --- /dev/null
> > +++ b/mm/damon/primitives.c
> 
> Same with the filename.

Agreed.

> 
> > @@ -0,0 +1,582 @@
> > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> [snip]
> > +static bool damon_va_young(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long addr,
> > +                       unsigned long *page_sz)
> > +{
> > +       pte_t *pte = NULL;
> > +       pmd_t *pmd = NULL;
> > +       spinlock_t *ptl;
> > +       bool young = false;
> > +
> > +       if (follow_pte_pmd(mm, addr, NULL, &pte, &pmd, &ptl))
> > +               return false;
> > +
> > +       *page_sz = PAGE_SIZE;
> > +       if (pte) {
> > +               young = pte_young(*pte);
> > +               if (!young)
> > +                       young = !page_is_idle(pte_page(*pte));
> > +               pte_unmap_unlock(pte, ptl);
> > +               return young;
> > +       }
> > +
> > +#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
> > +       young = pmd_young(*pmd);
> > +       if (!young)
> > +               young = !page_is_idle(pmd_page(*pmd));
> > +       spin_unlock(ptl);
> > +       *page_sz = ((1UL) << HPAGE_PMD_SHIFT);
> > +#endif /* CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE */
> > +
> > +       return young;
> 
> Don't you need mmu_notifier_clear_young() here?

I think we don't need it here because we only read the Accessed bit and PG_Idle
if Accessed bit was not set.

> 
> I am still looking more into this patch

Looking forward your more comments!


Thanks,
SeongJae Park

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