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Date:   Wed, 16 Dec 2020 13:33:49 -0800 (PST)
From:   Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>
To:     "Liam R. Howlett" <Liam.Howlett@...cle.com>
cc:     David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com>, linux-mm@...ck.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, Andrew Morton <akpm@...gle.com>,
        "kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com" <kirill.shutemov@...ux.intel.com>,
        Rik van Riel <riel@...riel.com>,
        Salman Qazi <sqazi@...gle.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2] mm/mmap: Don't unlock VMAs in remap_file_pages()

On Wed, 16 Dec 2020, Liam R. Howlett wrote:
> 
> Thank you for looking at this.  I appreciate the scrutiny.
> 
> * David Hildenbrand <david@...hat.com> [201216 09:58]:
> > On 15.12.20 16:54, Liam R. Howlett wrote:
> > > do_mmap() will unlock the necessary VMAs.  There is also a bug in the
> > > loop which will evaluate as false and not unlock any VMAs anyways.
> > 
> > If there is a BUG, do we have a Fixes: tag? Also
> 
> The bug would never show up as it is masked by do_mmap() unlocking the
> necessary range.  Although there is a bug in this code, the code does
> not cause an issue as it won't execute so should I have a Fixes tag?
> The code works and what I've done is remove a chunk of code that never
> runs.
> 
> > 
> > 1. Can we fix the bug separately first?
> 
> I think it is safer to remove unexecuted code than enable it and then
> remove it.

Agreed.

> 
> > 2. Can we have a better description on what the bug actually is
> > "evaluate as false"? What is the result of the bug?
> 
> The bug is in the for loop test expression that I removed in the patch.
> Here is the long explaination of why the loop has never run.
> 
> 
> Line 2982: if (start + size <= start
> Line 2983: 	goto out;
> 
> size is positive.
> 
> Line 2992: vma = find_vma(mm, start);
> Look up the first VMA which satisfies start < vm_end
> 
> Line 2997: if (start < vma->vm_start)
> Line 2998: 	goto out;
> 
> So now vma->vm_start >= start.
> If vma->vm_start > start, then there are no VMAs in that area, otherwise
> it would have been returned by find_vma().
> So we can say that vma->vm_start == start.
> 
> Line 3033: for (tmp = vma; tmp->vm_start >= start + size;
> Line 3034:                 tmp = tmp->vm_next) {
> This is the for loop with the error in the test expression.
> 
> tmp->vm_start == start which cannot be >= (start + size).
> 
> I believe the intention was to loop through vmas in the range of start
> to (start + size) and unlock them.
> 
> 
> The result of the bug is no VMA is unlocked in this fuction.  But that
> doesn't matter as they are unlocked later in the call chain - which is
> why this code works as intended.

Yes.

> 
> 
> > 
> > CCing some people that might know if this is actually a sane change.
> > Skimming over do_mmap(), it's not immediately clear to me that
> > "do_mmap() will unlock the necessary VMAs".
> 
> Ah, yes.  That is understandable.
> 
> do_mmap() L1583 -> mmap_region() L1752 -> munmap_vma_range() ->
> do_munmap() -> __do_munmap() loop at 2891 to unlock the range.
> 
> Would you like me to add this call chain to the changelog?

I don't think you need to add that: do_mmap(MAP_FIXED) simply has to
be able to munlock the range, much else would be broken if it did not.

> 
> > 
> > > 
> > > Signed-off-by: Liam R. Howlett <Liam.Howlett@...cle.com>

Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@...gle.com>

This is indeed a sane change.  I stumbled over that mistaken code
back in the days of PageTeam shmem huge pages, when syzkaller hit
a VM_BUG_ON_PAGE because of it; deleted the block as you have in v2;
then it fell off our radar when updating to PageCompound huge pages -
when Salman noticed as you have that the loop was ineffectual anyway.
It's just good to delete this dead code and confusion.

Though, in the course of writing that paragraph, I have come to wonder:
how did syzkaller hit a VM_BUG_ON_PAGE in code that is never executed??
Was something else different back then, or are we overlooking a case?

But whatever, the block is redundant and your v2 patch is good.

> > > ---
> > >  mm/mmap.c | 18 +-----------------
> > >  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 17 deletions(-)
> > > 
> > > diff --git a/mm/mmap.c b/mm/mmap.c
> > > index 5c8b4485860de..f7fecb77f84fd 100644
> > > --- a/mm/mmap.c
> > > +++ b/mm/mmap.c
> > > @@ -3025,25 +3025,9 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE5(remap_file_pages, unsigned long, start, unsigned long, size,
> > >  
> > >  	flags &= MAP_NONBLOCK;
> > >  	flags |= MAP_SHARED | MAP_FIXED | MAP_POPULATE;
> > > -	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED) {
> > > -		struct vm_area_struct *tmp;
> > > +	if (vma->vm_flags & VM_LOCKED)
> > >  		flags |= MAP_LOCKED;
> > >  
> > > -		/* drop PG_Mlocked flag for over-mapped range */
> > > -		for (tmp = vma; tmp->vm_start >= start + size;
>          This should probably be less than ---^
> 
> > > -				tmp = tmp->vm_next) {
> > > -			/*
> > > -			 * Split pmd and munlock page on the border
> > > -			 * of the range.
> > > -			 */
> > > -			vma_adjust_trans_huge(tmp, start, start + size, 0);
> > > -
> > > -			munlock_vma_pages_range(tmp,
> > > -					max(tmp->vm_start, start),
> > > -					min(tmp->vm_end, start + size));
> > > -		}
> > > -	}
> > > -
> > >  	file = get_file(vma->vm_file);
> > >  	ret = do_mmap(vma->vm_file, start, size,
> > >  			prot, flags, pgoff, &populate, NULL);
> > > 
> > 
> > 
> > -- 
> > Thanks,
> > 
> > David / dhildenb

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