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Date:   Wed, 16 Dec 2020 10:08:05 +0530
From:   Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@...aro.org>
To:     Ionela Voinescu <ionela.voinescu@....com>
Cc:     Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@....com>,
        Will Deacon <will@...nel.org>,
        Vincent Guittot <vincent.guittot@...aro.org>,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH V3 3/3] arm64: topology: Make AMUs work with modular
 cpufreq drivers

On 16-12-20, 00:03, Ionela Voinescu wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> On Tuesday 15 Dec 2020 at 11:04:16 (+0530), Viresh Kumar wrote:
> > The AMU counters won't get used today if the cpufreq driver is built as
> > a module as the amu core requires everything to be ready by late init.
> > 
> > Fix that properly by registering for cpufreq policy notifier. Note that
> > the amu core don't have any cpufreq dependency after the first time
> > CPUFREQ_CREATE_POLICY notifier is called for all the CPUs. And so we
> > don't need to do anything on the CPUFREQ_REMOVE_POLICY notifier. And for
> > the same reason we check if the CPUs are already parsed in the beginning
> > of amu_fie_setup() and skip if that is true. Alternatively we can shoot
> > a work from there to unregister the notifier instead, but that seemed
> > too much instead of this simple check.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Viresh Kumar <viresh.kumar@...aro.org>
> > ---
> > V3:
> > - This is a new patch.
> > 
> > Ionela,
> > 
> > I don't have a way to test the AMU stuff, will it be possible for you to
> > give it a try ?
> > 
> 
> My best AMU test setup is a hacked Juno :).

Everyone is hacking around :)

> A few runs with different
> "AMU settings" showed everything works nicely. I'll continue reviewing
> and testing tomorrow as I want to test with CPPC and on some models as
> well.
> 
> >  arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c | 88 +++++++++++++++++++-----------------
> >  1 file changed, 46 insertions(+), 42 deletions(-)
> > 
> > diff --git a/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c b/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c
> > index 57267d694495..0fc2b32ddb45 100644
> > --- a/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c
> > +++ b/arch/arm64/kernel/topology.c
> > @@ -199,64 +199,33 @@ static int freq_inv_set_max_ratio(int cpu, u64 max_rate, u64 ref_rate)
> >  	return 0;
> >  }
> >  
> > -static inline void
> > -enable_policy_freq_counters(int cpu, cpumask_var_t valid_cpus)
> > -{
> > -	struct cpufreq_policy *policy = cpufreq_cpu_get(cpu);
> > -
> > -	if (!policy) {
> > -		pr_debug("CPU%d: No cpufreq policy found.\n", cpu);
> > -		return;
> > -	}
> > -
> > -	if (cpumask_subset(policy->related_cpus, valid_cpus))
> > -		cpumask_or(amu_fie_cpus, policy->related_cpus,
> > -			   amu_fie_cpus);
> > -
> > -	cpufreq_cpu_put(policy);
> > -}
> > -
> >  static DEFINE_STATIC_KEY_FALSE(amu_fie_key);
> >  #define amu_freq_invariant() static_branch_unlikely(&amu_fie_key)
> >  
> > -static int __init init_amu_fie(void)
> > +static void amu_fie_setup(const struct cpumask *cpus)
> >  {
> > -	cpumask_var_t valid_cpus;
> >  	bool invariant;
> > -	int ret = 0;
> >  	int cpu;
> >  
> > -	if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&valid_cpus, GFP_KERNEL))
> > -		return -ENOMEM;
> > -
> > -	if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&amu_fie_cpus, GFP_KERNEL)) {
> > -		ret = -ENOMEM;
> > -		goto free_valid_mask;
> > -	}
> > +	/* We are already set since the last insmod of cpufreq driver */
> > +	if (unlikely(cpumask_subset(cpus, amu_fie_cpus)))
> > +		return;
> >  
> > -	for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
> > +	for_each_cpu(cpu, cpus) {
> >  		if (!freq_counters_valid(cpu) ||
> >  		    freq_inv_set_max_ratio(cpu,
> >  					   cpufreq_get_hw_max_freq(cpu) * 1000,
> >  					   arch_timer_get_rate()))
> > -			continue;
> > -
> > -		cpumask_set_cpu(cpu, valid_cpus);
> > -		enable_policy_freq_counters(cpu, valid_cpus);
> > +			return;
> >  	}
> >  
> > -	/* Overwrite amu_fie_cpus if all CPUs support AMU */
> > -	if (cpumask_equal(valid_cpus, cpu_present_mask))
> > -		cpumask_copy(amu_fie_cpus, cpu_present_mask);
> > -
> > -	if (cpumask_empty(amu_fie_cpus))
> > -		goto free_valid_mask;
> > +	cpumask_or(amu_fie_cpus, amu_fie_cpus, cpus);
> >  
> >  	invariant = topology_scale_freq_invariant();
> >  
> >  	/* We aren't fully invariant yet */
> >  	if (!invariant && !cpumask_equal(amu_fie_cpus, cpu_present_mask))
> > -		goto free_valid_mask;
> > +		return;
> >  
> >  	static_branch_enable(&amu_fie_key);
> >  
> 
> If we are cpufreq invariant, we'll reach this point and the following
> pr_info, even if not all CPUs have been checked, which (at this late
> hour) I think it's functionally fine.

Even then I think we should print cpus here instead of amu_fie_cpus,
just to not repeat things..

> But we get prints like:
> 
> [    2.665918] AMU: CPUs[0-3]: counters will be used for FIE.
> [    2.666293] AMU: CPUs[0-5]: counters will be used for FIE.
> 
> For two policies this is fine (although confusing) but if we had more
> CPUs and more policies, it would be too many lines.
> 
> I'm not sure if there's a better way of fixing this other than keeping
> track of all visited CPUs and printing this line when all online CPUs
> have been visited.

This is at best a debug message and maybe we should just convert it to
that and then it should be fine ?

And any logic added to print a better message isn't worth it I
believe.

> > @@ -271,13 +240,48 @@ static int __init init_amu_fie(void)
> >  	 */
> >  	if (!invariant)
> >  		rebuild_sched_domains_energy();
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int init_amu_fie_callback(struct notifier_block *nb, unsigned long val,
> > +				 void *data)
> > +{
> > +	struct cpufreq_policy *policy = data;
> > +
> > +	if (val == CPUFREQ_CREATE_POLICY)
> > +		amu_fie_setup(policy->related_cpus);
> > +
> 
> Is is guaranteed that cpuinfo.max_freq is always set at this point?

Yes, we call this after the policy is initialized and all basic setup
is done.

> I have a vague recollection of a scenario where cpuinfo.max_freq could
> be populated later in case the driver needs to talk to firmware to
> obtain this value.

I don't remember anything like that for sure, we can see what to do if
we ever come across such a scenario.

> The setup above will fail if the CPU's max frequency cannot be obtained.

Yeah, I agree. Shouldn't happen though.

-- 
viresh

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