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Date:   Fri, 18 Dec 2020 10:59:42 -0800
From:   isaacm@...eaurora.org
To:     Robin Murphy <robin.murphy@....com>
Cc:     iommu@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        will@...nel.org, joro@...tes.org, pdaly@...eaurora.org,
        pratikp@...eaurora.org, kernel-team@...roid.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/3] iommu/io-pgtable-arm: Prepare for modularization

On 2020-12-18 04:38, Robin Murphy wrote:
> On 2020-12-18 08:38, Isaac J. Manjarres wrote:
>> The io-pgtable-arm and io-pgtable-arm-v7s source files will
>> be compiled as separate modules, along with the io-pgtable
>> source. Export the symbols for the io-pgtable init function
>> structures for the io-pgtable module to use.
> 
> In my current build tree, the io-pgtable glue itself is a whopping 379
> bytes of code and data - is there really any benefit to all the
> additional overhead of making that modular? Given the number of
> different users (including AMD now), I think at this point we should
> start considering this as part of the IOMMU core, and just tweak the
> interface such that formats can register their own init_fns
> dynamically instead of the static array that's always horrible.
> 
> Robin.
> 
Thanks for the feedback, Robin. This is an avenue I had explored a bit 
when modularizing the code. However,
I came up with a few problems that I couldn't get around.

1) If we leave the io-pgtable glue as part of the core kernel, we need 
to ensure that the io-pgtable format
modules get loaded prior to any driver that might use them (e.g. IOMMU 
drivers/other callers of alloc_io_pgtable_ops).
     a) This can get a bit messy, as there's no symbol dependencies 
between the callers of the io-pgtable
        code, and the page table format modules, since everything is 
through function pointers. This is handled
        for the IOMMU drivers through the devlink feature, but I don't 
see how we can leverage something like that
        here. I guess this isn't too much of a problem when everything is 
built-in, as the registration can happen
        in one of the earlier initcall levels.

     b) If we do run into a scenario where a client of io-pgtable tries 
to allocate a page table instance prior
        to the io-pgtable format module being loaded, I couldn't come up 
with a way of distinguishing between
        format module is not available at the moment vs  format module 
will never be available. I don't think
        returning EPROBE_DEFER would be something nice to do in that 
case.

2) We would have to ensure that the format module cannot be unloaded 
while other clients are using it. I suppose
this isn't as big as point #1 though, since it's something that can 
probably be handled through a similar ref count
mechanism that we're using for modular IOMMU drivers.

Given the two reasons above, I went with the current approach, since it 
avoids both issues by creating symbol dependencies
between client drivers, the io-pgtable drivers, and the io-pgtable 
format drivers, so that ensures that they are loaded
in the correct order, and also prevents them from being removed, unless 
there aren't any users present.

Thanks,
Isaac
>> Signed-off-by: Isaac J. Manjarres <isaacm@...eaurora.org>
>> ---
>>   drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c | 4 ++++
>>   drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c     | 8 ++++++++
>>   2 files changed, 12 insertions(+)
>> 
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c 
>> b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
>> index 1d92ac9..f062c1c 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm-v7s.c
>> @@ -28,6 +28,7 @@
>>   #include <linux/iommu.h>
>>   #include <linux/kernel.h>
>>   #include <linux/kmemleak.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>   #include <linux/sizes.h>
>>   #include <linux/slab.h>
>>   #include <linux/spinlock.h>
>> @@ -839,6 +840,7 @@ struct io_pgtable_init_fns 
>> io_pgtable_arm_v7s_init_fns = {
>>   	.alloc	= arm_v7s_alloc_pgtable,
>>   	.free	= arm_v7s_free_pgtable,
>>   };
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_pgtable_arm_v7s_init_fns);
>>     #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_ARMV7S_SELFTEST
>>   @@ -984,3 +986,5 @@ static int __init arm_v7s_do_selftests(void)
>>   }
>>   subsys_initcall(arm_v7s_do_selftests);
>>   #endif
>> +
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>> diff --git a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c 
>> b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> index 87def58..2623d57 100644
>> --- a/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> +++ b/drivers/iommu/io-pgtable-arm.c
>> @@ -13,6 +13,7 @@
>>   #include <linux/bitops.h>
>>   #include <linux/io-pgtable.h>
>>   #include <linux/kernel.h>
>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>   #include <linux/sizes.h>
>>   #include <linux/slab.h>
>>   #include <linux/types.h>
>> @@ -1047,26 +1048,31 @@ struct io_pgtable_init_fns 
>> io_pgtable_arm_64_lpae_s1_init_fns = {
>>   	.alloc	= arm_64_lpae_alloc_pgtable_s1,
>>   	.free	= arm_lpae_free_pgtable,
>>   };
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_pgtable_arm_64_lpae_s1_init_fns);
>>     struct io_pgtable_init_fns io_pgtable_arm_64_lpae_s2_init_fns = {
>>   	.alloc	= arm_64_lpae_alloc_pgtable_s2,
>>   	.free	= arm_lpae_free_pgtable,
>>   };
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_pgtable_arm_64_lpae_s2_init_fns);
>>     struct io_pgtable_init_fns io_pgtable_arm_32_lpae_s1_init_fns = {
>>   	.alloc	= arm_32_lpae_alloc_pgtable_s1,
>>   	.free	= arm_lpae_free_pgtable,
>>   };
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_pgtable_arm_32_lpae_s1_init_fns);
>>     struct io_pgtable_init_fns io_pgtable_arm_32_lpae_s2_init_fns = {
>>   	.alloc	= arm_32_lpae_alloc_pgtable_s2,
>>   	.free	= arm_lpae_free_pgtable,
>>   };
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_pgtable_arm_32_lpae_s2_init_fns);
>>     struct io_pgtable_init_fns io_pgtable_arm_mali_lpae_init_fns = {
>>   	.alloc	= arm_mali_lpae_alloc_pgtable,
>>   	.free	= arm_lpae_free_pgtable,
>>   };
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(io_pgtable_arm_mali_lpae_init_fns);
>>     #ifdef CONFIG_IOMMU_IO_PGTABLE_LPAE_SELFTEST
>>   @@ -1252,3 +1258,5 @@ static int __init arm_lpae_do_selftests(void)
>>   }
>>   subsys_initcall(arm_lpae_do_selftests);
>>   #endif
>> +
>> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>> 

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