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Date:   Tue, 29 Dec 2020 10:51:43 +0000
From:   Russell King - ARM Linux admin <linux@...linux.org.uk>
To:     "Leizhen (ThunderTown)" <thunder.leizhen@...wei.com>
Cc:     Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@...uxfoundation.org>,
        Will Deacon <will.deacon@....com>,
        Jason Cooper <jason@...edaemon.net>,
        Haojian Zhuang <haojian.zhuang@...il.com>,
        Arnd Bergmann <arnd@...db.de>,
        linux-arm-kernel <linux-arm-kernel@...ts.infradead.org>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/1] ARM: LPAE: use phys_addr_t instead of unsigned long
 in outercache hooks

On Tue, Dec 29, 2020 at 02:30:56PM +0800, Leizhen (ThunderTown) wrote:
> 
> 
> On 2020/12/26 20:13, Russell King - ARM Linux admin wrote:
> > On Fri, Dec 25, 2020 at 07:44:58PM +0800, Zhen Lei wrote:
> >> The outercache of some Hisilicon SOCs support physical addresses wider
> >> than 32-bits. The unsigned long datatype is not sufficient for mapping
> >> physical addresses >= 4GB. The commit ad6b9c9d78b9 ("ARM: 6671/1: LPAE:
> >> use phys_addr_t instead of unsigned long in outercache functions") has
> >> already modified the outercache functions. But the parameters of the
> >> outercache hooks are not changed. This patch use phys_addr_t instead of
> >> unsigned long in outercache hooks: inv_range, clean_range, flush_range.
> >>
> >> To ensure the outercache that does not support LPAE works properly, do
> >> cast phys_addr_t to unsigned long by adding a middle-tier function.
> > 
> > Please don't do that. The cast can be done inside the L2 functions
> > themselves without needing all these additional functions.
> 
> OK. At first, I wanted to fit in like this:
> 
> -static void l2c220_inv_range(unsigned long start, unsigned long end)
> +static void l2c220_inv_range(phys_addr_t lpae_start, phys_addr_t lpae_end)
>  {
> +  unsigned long start = lpae_start;
> +  unsigned long end = lpae_end;

It sounds like there should be a "but..." clause here. This is exactly
what I'm suggesting you should be doing. Currently, there's a silent
narrowing cast in every single caller of the outer_.*_range() functions
and you're only moving it from the callsites to inside the called
functions.

> > We probably ought to also add some protection against addresses > 4GB,
> > although these are hot paths, so we don't want to add tests in these
> > functions. Maybe instead checking whether the system has memory above
> > 4GB while the L2 cache is being initialised would be a good idea?
> 
> I'm sorry, I didn't quite understand what you meant. Currently, the
> biggest problem is the compilation problem. The sizeof(long) may be
> 32, and the 64-bit physical address cannot be transferred from outcache
> functions to outcache hooks.

What I mean is that we really ought to warn if the L2C310 code tries to
initialise on a system where memory is above 4GB. However, it's very
unlikely that such a system exists, so it's probably fine not implement
a check, but it just feels fragile to be truncating the 64-bit address
to 32-bit on a kernel that _could_ support higher addresses, even though
that's exactly what is happening today (kind of by accident - I don't
think anyone realised.)

-- 
RMK's Patch system: https://www.armlinux.org.uk/developer/patches/
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