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Date:   Tue, 29 Dec 2020 11:52:36 +0100
From:   Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@...nel.org>
To:     Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org>
Cc:     Linux Kernel Mailing List <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Linux Crypto Mailing List <linux-crypto@...r.kernel.org>,
        Megha Dey <megha.dey@...el.com>,
        Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 0/2] crypto: x86/aes-ni-xts - recover and improve performance

On Fri, 25 Dec 2020 at 20:14, Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org> wrote:
>
> On Tue, Dec 22, 2020 at 05:06:27PM +0100, Ard Biesheuvel wrote:
> > The AES-NI implementation of XTS was impacted significantly by the retpoline
> > changes, which is due to the fact that both its asm helper and the chaining
> > mode glue library use indirect calls for processing small quantitities of
> > data
> >
> > So let's fix this, by:
> > - creating a minimal, backportable fix that recovers most of the performance,
> >   by reducing the number of indirect calls substantially;
> > - for future releases, rewrite the XTS implementation completely, and replace
> >   the glue helper with a core asm routine that is more flexible, making the C
> >   code wrapper much more straight-forward.
> >
> > This results in a substantial performance improvement: around ~2x for 1k and
> > 4k blocks, and more than 3x for ~1k blocks that require ciphertext stealing
> > (benchmarked using tcrypt using 1420 byte blocks - full results below)
> >
> > It also allows us to enable the same driver for i386.
> >
> > Cc: Megha Dey <megha.dey@...el.com>
> > Cc: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...nel.org>
> > Cc: Herbert Xu <herbert@...dor.apana.org.au>
> >
> > Ard Biesheuvel (2):
> >   crypto: x86/aes-ni-xts - use direct calls to and 4-way stride
> >   crypto: x86/aes-ni-xts - rewrite and drop indirections via glue helper
> >
> >  arch/x86/crypto/aesni-intel_asm.S  | 353 ++++++++++++++++----
> >  arch/x86/crypto/aesni-intel_glue.c | 230 +++++++------
> >  2 files changed, 412 insertions(+), 171 deletions(-)
> >
> > --
> > 2.17.1
> >
> > Benchmarked using tcrypt on a Intel(R) Core(TM) i7-8650U CPU @ 1.90GHz.
>
> Thanks for doing this!  I didn't realize that there was such a big performance
> regression here.  Getting rid of these indirect calls looks like the right
> approach; this all seems to have been written for a world where indirect calls
> are much faster...
>
> I did some quick benchmarks on Zen ("AMD Ryzen Threadripper 1950X 16-Core
> Processor") with CONFIG_RETPOLINE=y and confirmed the speedup on 4096-byte
> blocks is around 2x there too.  (It's over 2x for AES-128-XTS and AES-192-XTS,
> and a bit under 2x for AES-256-XTS.  And most of the speedup comes from the
> first patch.)  Also, the extra self-tests are passing.
>
> So feel free to add:
>
>         Tested-by: Eric Biggers <ebiggers@...gle.com> # x86_64
>
> Note that this patch series didn't apply cleanly, as it seems to depend on some
> other patches you've sent out recently.  So I actually tested your
> "for-kernelci" branch instead of applying these directly.
>

Thanks Eric. I have some other stuff queued up locally as well, so
there are some non-functional conflicts there. The only prerequisite
for this series is the one that adds CTS-CBC support to AES-NI, give
that the XTS implementation reuses the permute table.

I will rebase and resend.

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