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Date:   Tue, 12 Jan 2021 09:14:07 -0500
From:   Matthew Rosato <mjrosato@...ux.ibm.com>
To:     Halil Pasic <pasic@...ux.ibm.com>,
        Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@...ux.ibm.com>
Cc:     linux-s390@...r.kernel.org, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        kvm@...r.kernel.org, freude@...ux.ibm.com, borntraeger@...ibm.com,
        cohuck@...hat.com, alex.williamson@...hat.com,
        kwankhede@...dia.com, fiuczy@...ux.ibm.com, frankja@...ux.ibm.com,
        david@...hat.com, hca@...ux.ibm.com, gor@...ux.ibm.com
Subject: Re: [PATCH v13 11/15] s390/vfio-ap: implement in-use callback for
 vfio_ap driver

On 1/11/21 8:20 PM, Halil Pasic wrote:
> On Tue, 22 Dec 2020 20:16:02 -0500
> Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@...ux.ibm.com> wrote:
> 
>> Let's implement the callback to indicate when an APQN
>> is in use by the vfio_ap device driver. The callback is
>> invoked whenever a change to the apmask or aqmask would
>> result in one or more queue devices being removed from the driver. The
>> vfio_ap device driver will indicate a resource is in use
>> if the APQN of any of the queue devices to be removed are assigned to
>> any of the matrix mdevs under the driver's control.
>>
>> There is potential for a deadlock condition between the matrix_dev->lock
>> used to lock the matrix device during assignment of adapters and domains
>> and the ap_perms_mutex locked by the AP bus when changes are made to the
>> sysfs apmask/aqmask attributes.
>>
>> Consider following scenario (courtesy of Halil Pasic):
>> 1) apmask_store() takes ap_perms_mutex
>> 2) assign_adapter_store() takes matrix_dev->lock
>> 3) apmask_store() calls vfio_ap_mdev_resource_in_use() which tries
>>     to take matrix_dev->lock
>> 4) assign_adapter_store() calls ap_apqn_in_matrix_owned_by_def_drv
>>     which tries to take ap_perms_mutex
>>
>> BANG!
>>
>> To resolve this issue, instead of using the mutex_lock(&matrix_dev->lock)
>> function to lock the matrix device during assignment of an adapter or
>> domain to a matrix_mdev as well as during the in_use callback, the
>> mutex_trylock(&matrix_dev->lock) function will be used. If the lock is not
>> obtained, then the assignment and in_use functions will terminate with
>> -EBUSY.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Tony Krowiak <akrowiak@...ux.ibm.com>
>> ---
>>   drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_drv.c     |  1 +
>>   drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_ops.c     | 21 ++++++++++++++++++---
>>   drivers/s390/crypto/vfio_ap_private.h |  2 ++
>>   3 files changed, 21 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>
> [..]
>>   }
>> +
>> +int vfio_ap_mdev_resource_in_use(unsigned long *apm, unsigned long *aqm)
>> +{
>> +	int ret;
>> +
>> +	if (!mutex_trylock(&matrix_dev->lock))
>> +		return -EBUSY;
>> +	ret = vfio_ap_mdev_verify_no_sharing(NULL, apm, aqm);
> 
> If we detect that resources are in use, then we spit warnings to the
> message log, right?
> 
> @Matt: Is your userspace tooling going to guarantee that this will never
> happen?

Yes, but only when using the tooling to modify apmask/aqmask.  You would 
still be able to create such a scenario by bypassing the tooling and 
invoking the sysfs interfaces directly.


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