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Date:   Thu, 14 Jan 2021 13:54:06 +0900
From:   Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>
To:     Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>
Cc:     Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>,
        Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>,
        linux-kernel <linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org>,
        Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>,
        Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>,
        linuxppc-dev@...ts.ozlabs.org
Subject: Re: [PATCH] perf tools: Resolve symbols against debug file first

Hi both of Jiri,

On Wed, Jan 13, 2021 at 8:43 PM Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz> wrote:
>
> On 13. 01. 21, 11:46, Jiri Olsa wrote:
> > On Wed, Jan 13, 2021 at 09:01:28AM +0100, Jiri Slaby wrote:
> >> With LTO, there are symbols like these:
> >> /usr/lib/debug/usr/lib64/libantlr4-runtime.so.4.8-4.8-1.4.x86_64.debug
> >>   10305: 0000000000955fa4     0 NOTYPE  LOCAL  DEFAULT   29 Predicate.cpp.2bc410e7
> >>
> >> This comes from a runtime/debug split done by the standard way:
> >> objcopy --only-keep-debug $runtime $debug
> >> objcopy --add-gnu-debuglink=$debugfn -R .comment -R .GCC.command.line --strip-all $runtime
> >>
> >> perf currently cannot resolve such symbols (relicts of LTO), as section
> >> 29 exists only in the debug file (29 is .debug_info). And perf resolves
> >> symbols only against runtime file. This results in all symbols from such
> >> a library being unresolved:
> >>       0.38%  main2    libantlr4-runtime.so.4.8  [.] 0x00000000000671e0
> >>
> >> So try resolving against the debug file first. And only if it fails (the
> >> section has NOBITS set), try runtime file. We can do this, as "objcopy
> >> --only-keep-debug" per documentation preserves all sections, but clears
> >> data of some of them (the runtime ones) and marks them as NOBITS.
> >>
> >> The correct result is now:
> >>       0.38%  main2    libantlr4-runtime.so.4.8  [.] antlr4::IntStream::~IntStream
> >>
> >> Note that these LTO symbols are properly skipped anyway as they belong
> >> neither to *text* nor to *data* (is_label && !elf_sec__filter(&shdr,
> >> secstrs) is true).
> >>
> >> Signed-off-by: Jiri Slaby <jslaby@...e.cz>
> >> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
> >> Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>
> >> Cc: Arnaldo Carvalho de Melo <acme@...nel.org>
> >> Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@....com>
> >> Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@...ux.intel.com>
> >> Cc: Jiri Olsa <jolsa@...hat.com>
> >> Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@...nel.org>
> >> ---
> >>   tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c | 10 +++++++++-
> >>   1 file changed, 9 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>
> >> diff --git a/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c b/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c
> >> index f3577f7d72fe..a31b716fa61c 100644
> >> --- a/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c
> >> +++ b/tools/perf/util/symbol-elf.c
> >> @@ -1226,12 +1226,20 @@ int dso__load_sym(struct dso *dso, struct map *map, struct symsrc *syms_ss,
> >>              if (sym.st_shndx == SHN_ABS)
> >>                      continue;
> >>
> >> -            sec = elf_getscn(runtime_ss->elf, sym.st_shndx);
> >> +            sec = elf_getscn(syms_ss->elf, sym.st_shndx);
> >>              if (!sec)
> >>                      goto out_elf_end;
> >
> > we iterate symbols from syms_ss, so the fix seems to be correct
> > to call elf_getscn on syms_ss, not on runtime_ss as we do now
> >
> > I'd think this worked only when runtime_ss == syms_ss
>
> No, because the headers are copied 1:1 from runtime_ss to syms_ss. And
> runtime_ss is then stripped, so only .debug* sections are removed there.
> (And syms_ss's are set as NOBITS.)
>
> We iterated .debug* sections in syms_ss and used runtime_ss section
> _headers_ only to adjust symbols (sometimes). That worked.

It seems PPC has an opd section only in the runtime_ss and that's why
we use it for section headers.

>
> >>              gelf_getshdr(sec, &shdr);
> >>
> >> +            if (shdr.sh_type == SHT_NOBITS) {
> >> +                    sec = elf_getscn(runtime_ss->elf, sym.st_shndx);
> >> +                    if (!sec)
> >> +                            goto out_elf_end;
> >> +
> >> +                    gelf_getshdr(sec, &shdr);
> >> +            }
> >
> > is that fallback necessary? the symbol is from syms_ss
>
> Provided the above, we don't need the section data here, only headers,
> so the NOBITS test is superfluous and the fallback shouldn't be needed.
> Let me test it.

We need to talk to PPC folks like I said.  Or maybe we can change the
default ss depending on the arch.

Thanks,
Namhyung

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