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Date:   Thu,  4 Feb 2021 10:01:55 +0900
From:   Changheun Lee <nanich.lee@...sung.com>
To:     ming.lei@...hat.com, Johannes.Thumshirn@....com,
        asml.silence@...il.com, axboe@...nel.dk, damien.lemoal@....com,
        hch@...radead.org, linux-block@...r.kernel.org,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org, osandov@...com,
        patchwork-bot@...nel.org, tj@...nel.org, tom.leiming@...il.com,
        gregkh@...uxfoundation.org
Cc:     jisoo2146.oh@...sung.com, junho89.kim@...sung.com,
        mj0123.lee@...sung.com, seunghwan.hyun@...sung.com,
        sookwan7.kim@...sung.com, woosung2.lee@...sung.com,
        yt0928.kim@...sung.com, Changheun Lee <nanich.lee@...sung.com>
Subject: [PATCH v5 1/2] bio: limit bio max size

bio size can grow up to 4GB when muli-page bvec is enabled.
but sometimes it would lead to inefficient behaviors.
in case of large chunk direct I/O, - 32MB chunk read in user space -
all pages for 32MB would be merged to a bio structure if the pages
physical addresses are contiguous. it makes some delay to submit
until merge complete. bio max size should be limited to a proper size.

When 32MB chunk read with direct I/O option is coming from userspace,
kernel behavior is below now in do_direct_IO() loop. it's timeline.

 | bio merge for 32MB. total 8,192 pages are merged.
 | total elapsed time is over 2ms.
 |------------------ ... ----------------------->|
                                                 | 8,192 pages merged a bio.
                                                 | at this time, first bio submit is done.
                                                 | 1 bio is split to 32 read request and issue.
                                                 |--------------->
                                                  |--------------->
                                                   |--------------->
                                                              ......
                                                                   |--------------->
                                                                    |--------------->|
                          total 19ms elapsed to complete 32MB read done from device. |

If bio max size is limited with 1MB, behavior is changed below.

 | bio merge for 1MB. 256 pages are merged for each bio.
 | total 32 bio will be made.
 | total elapsed time is over 2ms. it's same.
 | but, first bio submit timing is fast. about 100us.
 |--->|--->|--->|---> ... -->|--->|--->|--->|--->|
      | 256 pages merged a bio.
      | at this time, first bio submit is done.
      | and 1 read request is issued for 1 bio.
      |--------------->
           |--------------->
                |--------------->
                                      ......
                                                 |--------------->
                                                  |--------------->|
        total 17ms elapsed to complete 32MB read done from device. |

As a result, read request issue timing is faster if bio max size is limited.
Current kernel behavior with multipage bvec, super large bio can be created.
And it lead to delay first I/O request issue.

Signed-off-by: Changheun Lee <nanich.lee@...sung.com>
---
 block/bio.c            | 13 ++++++++++++-
 include/linux/bio.h    |  2 +-
 include/linux/blkdev.h |  3 +++
 3 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/bio.c b/block/bio.c
index 1f2cc1fbe283..c528e1f944c7 100644
--- a/block/bio.c
+++ b/block/bio.c
@@ -287,6 +287,17 @@ void bio_init(struct bio *bio, struct bio_vec *table,
 }
 EXPORT_SYMBOL(bio_init);
 
+unsigned int bio_max_size(struct bio *bio)
+{
+	struct request_queue *q = bio->bi_disk->queue;
+
+	if (blk_queue_limit_bio_size(q))
+		return blk_queue_get_max_sectors(q, bio_op(bio))
+			<< SECTOR_SHIFT;
+
+	return UINT_MAX;
+}
+
 /**
  * bio_reset - reinitialize a bio
  * @bio:	bio to reset
@@ -877,7 +888,7 @@ bool __bio_try_merge_page(struct bio *bio, struct page *page,
 		struct bio_vec *bv = &bio->bi_io_vec[bio->bi_vcnt - 1];
 
 		if (page_is_mergeable(bv, page, len, off, same_page)) {
-			if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len) {
+			if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > bio_max_size(bio) - len) {
 				*same_page = false;
 				return false;
 			}
diff --git a/include/linux/bio.h b/include/linux/bio.h
index 1edda614f7ce..13b6f6562a5b 100644
--- a/include/linux/bio.h
+++ b/include/linux/bio.h
@@ -113,7 +113,7 @@ static inline bool bio_full(struct bio *bio, unsigned len)
 	if (bio->bi_vcnt >= bio->bi_max_vecs)
 		return true;
 
-	if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > UINT_MAX - len)
+	if (bio->bi_iter.bi_size > bio_max_size(bio) - len)
 		return true;
 
 	return false;
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index f94ee3089e01..3aeab9e7e97b 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -621,6 +621,7 @@ struct request_queue {
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_RQ_ALLOC_TIME 27	/* record rq->alloc_time_ns */
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_HCTX_ACTIVE	28	/* at least one blk-mq hctx is active */
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT       29	/* device supports NOWAIT */
+#define QUEUE_FLAG_LIMIT_BIO_SIZE 30	/* limit bio size */
 
 #define QUEUE_FLAG_MQ_DEFAULT	((1 << QUEUE_FLAG_IO_STAT) |		\
 				 (1 << QUEUE_FLAG_SAME_COMP) |		\
@@ -667,6 +668,8 @@ bool blk_queue_flag_test_and_set(unsigned int flag, struct request_queue *q);
 #define blk_queue_fua(q)	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_FUA, &(q)->queue_flags)
 #define blk_queue_registered(q)	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_REGISTERED, &(q)->queue_flags)
 #define blk_queue_nowait(q)	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_NOWAIT, &(q)->queue_flags)
+#define blk_queue_limit_bio_size(q)	\
+	test_bit(QUEUE_FLAG_LIMIT_BIO_SIZE, &(q)->queue_flags)
 
 extern void blk_set_pm_only(struct request_queue *q);
 extern void blk_clear_pm_only(struct request_queue *q);
-- 
2.28.0

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