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Date:   Mon, 11 Oct 2021 13:43:40 +0200
From:   Hans de Goede <>
To:     Mark Brown <>
Cc:     "Rafael J . Wysocki" <>,
        Mark Gross <>,
        Andy Shevchenko <>,
        Daniel Scally <>,
        Laurent Pinchart <>,
        Mauro Carvalho Chehab <>,
        Liam Girdwood <>,
        Michael Turquette <>,
        Stephen Boyd <>, Len Brown <>,,,,
        Sakari Ailus <>,
        Kate Hsuan <>,,
Subject: Re: [PATCH 05/12] regulator: Introduce tps68470-regulator driver


On 10/11/21 12:42 PM, Mark Brown wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 08, 2021 at 06:21:14PM +0200, Hans de Goede wrote:
>> +++ b/drivers/regulator/tps68470-regulator.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,194 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +/*
>> + * Regulator driver for TPS68470 PMIC
>> + *
> Please make the entire comment a C++ one so things look more
> intentional.

Ok, will do so for the next version.

>> +
>> +/*
>> + * The ACPI tps68470 probe-ordering depends on the clk/gpio/regulator drivers
>> + * being registered before the MFD cells are created (the MFD driver calls
>> + * acpi_dev_clear_dependencies() after the cell creation).
>> + * subsys_initcall() ensures this when the drivers are builtin.
>> + */
>> +static int __init tps68470_regulator_init(void)
>> +{
>> +	return platform_driver_register(&tps68470_regulator_driver);
>> +}
>> +subsys_initcall(tps68470_regulator_init);
> If this is actually required then the driver is broken for modular use
> which frankly is just generally broken.  I don't understand why this
> driver would require this when other drivers don't, or what the actual
> requirement is here - what does the call do and why is the ordering
> important?

For the camera-sensor which is a consumer of this devices to be able
to get the regulators (and not end up with a dummy regulator) the
consumer info added through the constraints passed as platform data
must be available to the regulator framework before the sensor-driver's
probe() method tries to get the regulators.

The ACPI fwnode describing the sensor has an ACPI _DEP dependency on
the ACPI fwnode describing the PMIC. To ensure that the PMIC driver
binds first patches 1 + 2 of this series make the ACPI code use this
dependency to not instantiate the i2c-client for the sensor until
the PMIC driver has bound.

The PMIC driver is a MFD driver creating GPIO, clk and regulator
MFD cells. So in order for the ACPI code delaying the instantiation
to help, the regulator constraints / consumer info must be registered
when the MFD driver is done binding. This means that the regulator
driver for the regulator MFD cells must be registered before the
platform_dev-s for the cell is instantiated, so that the driver
binds immediately (during instantiation) and thus the regulator
consumer info is available before the PMIC-MFD-driver's probe()
method is done.

The use of a subsys_initcall() here ensures that when builtin
the regulator driver is registered before the PMIC-MFD-driver
is registered (the PMIC driver uses a normal device_initcall).

To make this work when everything is build as a module patch 12/12
adds the following to the PMIC-MFD-driver:

MODULE_SOFTDEP("pre: clk-tps68470 tps68470-regulator");

This will make modprobe load the clk and regulator drivers
before it loads the main/MFD tps68470 driver.

I've tested this with everything built as module (the typical
setup for standard x86 setups) and without the MODULE_SOFTDEP
the sensor driver ends up with a dummy regulator (illustrating
the problem) and with the SOFTDEP in place everything works
as it should.

I hope this helps explain things.



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