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Date:   Sun, 20 Feb 2022 07:16:24 -0500
From:   "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@...hat.com>
To:     Hillf Danton <hdanton@...a.com>
Cc:     syzbot <syzbot+3140b17cb44a7b174008@...kaller.appspotmail.com>,
        jasowang@...hat.com, linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        syzkaller-bugs@...glegroups.com
Subject: Re: [syzbot] kernel BUG in vhost_get_vq_desc

On Sun, Feb 20, 2022 at 07:09:41PM +0800, Hillf Danton wrote:
> On Sun, 20 Feb 2022 05:08:30 -0500 Michael S. Tsirkin wrote:
> > On Sun, Feb 20, 2022 at 09:47:15AM +0800, Hillf Danton wrote:
> > > On Sat, 19 Feb 2022 05:01:10 -0800
> > > > Hello,
> > > > 
> > > > syzbot has tested the proposed patch but the reproducer is still triggering an issue:
> > > > kernel BUG in vhost_get_vq_desc
> > > 
> > > The WARNING: CPU: 1 PID: 4052 at drivers/vhost/vhost.c:715 got quiesced.
> > > > 
> > > > ------------[ cut here ]------------
> > > > kernel BUG at drivers/vhost/vhost.c:2338!
> > > 
> > > Given the mutex_lock(&vq->mutex) in vhost_vsock_handle_tx_kick(), this
> > > report proves that the bug is bogus.
> > > 
> > > > invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] PREEMPT SMP KASAN
> > > > CPU: 0 PID: 4071 Comm: vhost-4070 Not tainted 5.17.0-rc4-syzkaller-00054-gf71077a4d84b-dirty #0
> > > > Hardware name: Google Google Compute Engine/Google Compute Engine, BIOS Google 01/01/2011
> > > > RIP: 0010:vhost_get_vq_desc+0x1dc5/0x2350 drivers/vhost/vhost.c:2338
> > > > Code: 00 00 00 48 c7 c6 20 2c 9d 8a 48 c7 c7 98 a6 8e 8d 48 89 ca 48 c1 e1 04 48 01 d9 e8 25 59 28 fd e9 74 ff ff ff e8 cb c7 a1 fa <0f> 0b e8 c4 c7 a1 fa 48 8b 54 24 18 48 b8 00 00 00 00 00 fc ff df
> > > > RSP: 0018:ffffc900028bfb78 EFLAGS: 00010293
> > > > RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX: 0000000000000000
> > > > RDX: ffff88801cbd1d00 RSI: ffffffff86d71655 RDI: 0000000000000003
> > > > RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000001
> > > > R10: ffffffff86d7072d R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> > > > R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff88806ffc4bb0 R15: dffffc0000000000
> > > > FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8880b9c00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> > > > CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> > > > CR2: 0000000000000002 CR3: 000000001d077000 CR4: 00000000003506f0
> > > > DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> > > > DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> > > > Call Trace:
> > > >  <TASK>
> > > >  vhost_vsock_handle_tx_kick+0x277/0xa20 drivers/vhost/vsock.c:522
> > > >  vhost_worker+0x2e9/0x3e0 drivers/vhost/vhost.c:374
> > > >  kthread+0x2e9/0x3a0 kernel/kthread.c:377
> > > >  ret_from_fork+0x1f/0x30 arch/x86/entry/entry_64.S:295
> > > >  </TASK>
> > > > Modules linked in:
> > > > ---[ end trace 0000000000000000 ]---
> > > > RIP: 0010:vhost_get_vq_desc+0x1dc5/0x2350 drivers/vhost/vhost.c:2338
> > > > Code: 00 00 00 48 c7 c6 20 2c 9d 8a 48 c7 c7 98 a6 8e 8d 48 89 ca 48 c1 e1 04 48 01 d9 e8 25 59 28 fd e9 74 ff ff ff e8 cb c7 a1 fa <0f> 0b e8 c4 c7 a1 fa 48 8b 54 24 18 48 b8 00 00 00 00 00 fc ff df
> > > > RSP: 0018:ffffc900028bfb78 EFLAGS: 00010293
> > > > RAX: 0000000000000000 RBX: 0000000000000001 RCX: 0000000000000000
> > > > RDX: ffff88801cbd1d00 RSI: ffffffff86d71655 RDI: 0000000000000003
> > > > RBP: 0000000000000000 R08: 0000000000000000 R09: 0000000000000001
> > > > R10: ffffffff86d7072d R11: 0000000000000000 R12: 0000000000000000
> > > > R13: 0000000000000000 R14: ffff88806ffc4bb0 R15: dffffc0000000000
> > > > FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8880b9d00000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
> > > > CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
> > > > CR2: 00007fc7293991d0 CR3: 000000001d077000 CR4: 00000000003506e0
> > > > DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000
> > > > DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400
> > > > 
> > > > 
> > > > Tested on:
> > > > 
> > > > commit:         f71077a4 Merge tag 'mmc-v5.17-rc1-2' of git://git.kern..
> > > > git tree:       https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/
> > > > console output: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/log.txt?x=11e82d7a700000
> > > > kernel config:  https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/.config?x=a78b064590b9f912
> > > > dashboard link: https://syzkaller.appspot.com/bug?extid=3140b17cb44a7b174008
> > > > compiler:       gcc (Debian 10.2.1-6) 10.2.1 20210110, GNU ld (GNU Binutils for Debian) 2.35.2
> > > > patch:          https://syzkaller.appspot.com/x/patch.diff?x=11857326700000
> > > 
> > > Attempted fix is bail out if anything eerie is detected in terms of the
> > > notify flag.
> > 
> Hello Mike,
> 
> Thanks for taking a look at it.
> 
> > I mean this will fix the warning for sure, but do we understand how
> > it might have triggered?
> 
> Based on what's fed to BUG_ON in the hunk below, it was the update of
> used_flag behind our back that pulled the trigger.
> 
> The bigger pain is, given the mutex_lock(&vq->mutex) in
> vhost_vsock_handle_tx_kick(), I find nothing to do about it now after
> scratching scalp twenty minutes other than detecting the update.

Right. I think it's highly likely a use after free.
How about poisoning the vq struct with some value before freeing
so we can catch that?

> @@ -2332,7 +2335,7 @@ int vhost_get_vq_desc(struct vhost_virtq
>  
>  	/* Assume notifications from guest are disabled at this point,
>  	 * if they aren't we would need to update avail_event index. */
> -	BUG_ON(!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY));
> +	BUG_ON(!!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY) != was_set);
>  	return head;
>  }
>  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_get_vq_desc);
> > 
> > 
> > > Hillf
> > > 
> > > #syz test: https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/ f71077a4d84b 
> > > 
> > > --- x/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
> > > +++ y/drivers/vhost/vhost.c
> > > @@ -353,14 +353,16 @@ static int vhost_worker(void *data)
> > >  		/* mb paired w/ kthread_stop */
> > >  		set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
> > >  
> > > -		if (kthread_should_stop()) {
> > > -			__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
> > > -			break;
> > > -		}
> > > -
> > >  		node = llist_del_all(&dev->work_list);
> > > -		if (!node)
> > > +		if (!node) {
> > > +			if (kthread_should_stop()) {
> > > +				__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
> > > +				break;
> > > +			}
> > > +
> > >  			schedule();
> > > +			continue;
> > > +		}
> > >  
> > >  		node = llist_reverse_order(node);
> > >  		/* make sure flag is seen after deletion */
> > > @@ -712,12 +714,12 @@ void vhost_dev_cleanup(struct vhost_dev
> > >  	dev->iotlb = NULL;
> > >  	vhost_clear_msg(dev);
> > >  	wake_up_interruptible_poll(&dev->wait, EPOLLIN | EPOLLRDNORM);
> > > -	WARN_ON(!llist_empty(&dev->work_list));
> > >  	if (dev->worker) {
> > >  		kthread_stop(dev->worker);
> > >  		dev->worker = NULL;
> > >  		dev->kcov_handle = 0;
> > >  	}
> > > +	WARN_ON(!llist_empty(&dev->work_list));
> > >  	vhost_detach_mm(dev);
> > >  }
> > >  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_dev_cleanup);
> > > @@ -2207,7 +2209,10 @@ int vhost_get_vq_desc(struct vhost_virtq
> > >  	__virtio16 avail_idx;
> > >  	__virtio16 ring_head;
> > >  	int ret, access;
> > > +	bool was_set = !!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY);
> > >  
> > > +	if (!was_set)
> > > +		return -EINVAL;
> > >  	/* Check it isn't doing very strange things with descriptor numbers. */
> > >  	last_avail_idx = vq->last_avail_idx;
> > >  
> > > @@ -2327,12 +2332,14 @@ int vhost_get_vq_desc(struct vhost_virtq
> > >  		}
> > >  	} while ((i = next_desc(vq, &desc)) != -1);
> > >  
> > > +	/* Assume notifications from guest are disabled at this point,
> > > +	 * if they aren't we would need to update avail_event index. */
> > > +	if (!!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY) != was_set)
> > > +		return -EINVAL;
> > > +
> > >  	/* On success, increment avail index. */
> > >  	vq->last_avail_idx++;
> > >  
> > > -	/* Assume notifications from guest are disabled at this point,
> > > -	 * if they aren't we would need to update avail_event index. */
> > > -	BUG_ON(!(vq->used_flags & VRING_USED_F_NO_NOTIFY));
> > >  	return head;
> > >  }
> > >  EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vhost_get_vq_desc);
> > > --

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