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Date:   Fri, 23 Sep 2022 12:45:17 +0200
From:   Borislav Petkov <bp@...en8.de>
To:     Peter Zijlstra <peterz@...radead.org>
Cc:     "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa@...il.mit.edu>,
        linux-kernel@...r.kernel.org,
        virtualization@...ts.linux-foundation.org,
        Thomas Gleixner <tglx@...utronix.de>,
        Ingo Molnar <mingo@...hat.com>,
        Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@...ux.intel.com>,
        "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@...or.com>,
        Alexey Makhalov <amakhalov@...are.com>,
        Juergen Gross <jgross@...e.com>, x86@...nel.org,
        VMware PV-Drivers Reviewers <pv-drivers@...are.com>,
        ganb@...are.com, sturlapati@...are.com, bordoloih@...are.com,
        ankitja@...are.com, keerthanak@...are.com, namit@...are.com,
        srivatsab@...are.com, kvm ML <kvm@...r.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] smp/hotplug, x86/vmware: Put offline vCPUs in halt
 instead of mwait

+ kvm ML and leaving the whole mail quoted in for them.

On Fri, Sep 23, 2022 at 09:05:26AM +0200, Peter Zijlstra wrote:
> On Thu, Jul 21, 2022 at 01:44:33PM -0700, Srivatsa S. Bhat wrote:
> > From: Srivatsa S. Bhat (VMware) <srivatsa@...il.mit.edu>
> > 
> > VMware ESXi allows enabling a passthru mwait CPU-idle state in the
> > guest using the following VMX option:
> > 
> > monitor_control.mwait_in_guest = "TRUE"
> > 
> > This lets a vCPU in mwait to remain in guest context (instead of
> > yielding to the hypervisor via a VMEXIT), which helps speed up
> > wakeups from idle.
> > 
> > However, this runs into problems with CPU hotplug, because the Linux
> > CPU offline path prefers to put the vCPU-to-be-offlined in mwait
> > state, whenever mwait is available. As a result, since a vCPU in mwait
> > remains in guest context and does not yield to the hypervisor, an
> > offline vCPU *appears* to be 100% busy as viewed from ESXi, which
> > prevents the hypervisor from running other vCPUs or workloads on the
> > corresponding pCPU (particularly when vCPU - pCPU mappings are
> > statically defined by the user).
> 
> I would hope vCPU pinning is a mandatory thing when MWAIT passthrough it
> set?
> 
> > [ Note that such a vCPU is not
> > actually busy spinning though; it remains in mwait idle state in the
> > guest ].
> > 
> > Fix this by overriding the CPU offline play_dead() callback for VMware
> > hypervisor, by putting the CPU in halt state (which actually yields to
> > the hypervisor), even if mwait support is available.
> > 
> > Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat (VMware) <srivatsa@...il.mit.edu>
> > ---
> 
> > +static void vmware_play_dead(void)
> > +{
> > +	play_dead_common();
> > +	tboot_shutdown(TB_SHUTDOWN_WFS);
> > +
> > +	/*
> > +	 * Put the vCPU going offline in halt instead of mwait (even
> > +	 * if mwait support is available), to make sure that the
> > +	 * offline vCPU yields to the hypervisor (which may not happen
> > +	 * with mwait, for example, if the guest's VMX is configured
> > +	 * to retain the vCPU in guest context upon mwait).
> > +	 */
> > +	hlt_play_dead();
> > +}
> >  #endif
> >  
> >  static __init int activate_jump_labels(void)
> > @@ -349,6 +365,7 @@ static void __init vmware_paravirt_ops_setup(void)
> >  #ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> >  		smp_ops.smp_prepare_boot_cpu =
> >  			vmware_smp_prepare_boot_cpu;
> > +		smp_ops.play_dead = vmware_play_dead;
> >  		if (cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_AP_ONLINE_DYN,
> >  					      "x86/vmware:online",
> >  					      vmware_cpu_online,
> 
> No real objection here; but would not something like the below fix the
> problem more generally? I'm thinking MWAIT passthrough for *any*
> hypervisor doesn't want play_dead to use it.
> 
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> index f24227bc3220..166cb3aaca8a 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
> @@ -1759,6 +1759,8 @@ static inline void mwait_play_dead(void)
>  		return;
>  	if (!this_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_CLFLUSH))
>  		return;
> +	if (this_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_HYPERVISOR))
> +		return;
>  	if (__this_cpu_read(cpu_info.cpuid_level) < CPUID_MWAIT_LEAF)
>  		return;

Yeah, it would be nice if we could get a consensus here from all
relevant HVs.

-- 
Regards/Gruss,
    Boris.

https://people.kernel.org/tglx/notes-about-netiquette

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